•  17
    A consequentialist perspective on contractualism. Author's reply
    with T. M. Scanlon
    Theoria 66 (3): 228-245. 2000.
  •  3
    In Made with Words: Hobbes on Language, Mind, and Politics, Princeton University Press. pp. 169-176. 2009.
  •  132
    Looks as powers
    Philosophical Issues 13 (1): 221-52. 2003.
    Although they may differ on the reason why, many philosophers hold that it is a priori that an object is red if and only if it is such as to look red to normal observers in normal conditions.
  •  15
    Social Holism and Moral Theory
    Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 86 (n/a): 173. 1986.
  •  3
    In Philip Pettit & Christopher Hookway (eds.), Handlung Und Interpretation: Studien Zur Philosophie der Sozialwissenschaften, De Gruyter. 1982.
  • Kelsen on Justice. A Charitable Reading
    In Richard Tur & William L. Twining (eds.), Essays on Kelsen, Clarendon Press. 1986.
  •  55
    On Thinking How to Live: A Cognitivist View (review)
    Mind 115 (460). 2006.
    Allan Gibbard’s strategy in his new book is to begin by describing a psychology of thinking and planning that certain agents might instantiate, then to argue that this psychology involves an ‘expressivism’ about thought that bears on what to do, and, finally, to try to show that ascribing that same psychology to human beings would explain the way we deploy various concepts in practical and normative deliberation. The idea is to construct an imaginary normative psychology, purportedly conforming …Read more
  •  56
  •  2
    This new edition of _A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy_ has been extended significantly to include 55 chapters across two volumes written by some of today's most distinguished scholars. New contributors include some of today’s most distinguished scholars, among them Thomas Pogge, Charles Beitz, and Michael Doyle Provides in-depth coverage of contemporary philosophical debate in all major related disciplines, such as economics, history, law, political science, international relatio…Read more
  •  4
    Reviews (review)
    with Ota Weinberger, Hans-W. Gottinger, Hugh Lehman, Carol Babner Barry, Oliva Blanchette, Michael Ruse, John McMurtry, F. Michael Walsh, J. E. White, and Scott A. Kleiner
    Theory and Decision 4 (3-4): 373-426. 1974.
  •  68
    Bare functional desire
    with Huw Price
    Analysis 49 (4): 162-69. 1989.
    The purpose of this paper is to sound two notes of caution about a beguiling argument for the negative answer: for the Humean view that desires cannot be beliefs, or cognitive states more generally.
  •  107
    Noumenalism and Response-Dependence
    The Monist 81 (1): 112-132. 1998.
    The question with which I shall be concerned in this paper is whether global response-dependence entails the truth of a certain noumenal form of realism: for short, a certain noumenalism. I accept that it does, at least under a plausible assumption, endorsing an argument presented by Michael Smith and Daniel Stoljar. But I try to show that, while the connection with noumenalism is undeniable, it is neither distinctive of a belief in global response-dependence nor particularly disturbing for thos…Read more
  •  55
    Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 1998.
    If an agent is to be moved to action, then two requirements have to be fulfilled: first, the agent must possess beliefs about the way things actually are, about the actions possible given the way things are, and about the likely effects of those actions on how things are; and, second, the agent must have or form desires to change the way things are by resorting to this or that course of action. The beliefs tell the agent about how things are and about how they can be altered; the desires attract…Read more
  •  108
    The hidden economy of esteem
    Economics and Philosophy 16 (1): 77-98. 2000.
    A generation of social theorists have argued that if free-rider considerations show that certain collective action predicaments are unresolvable under individual, rational choice – unresolvable under an arrangement where each is free to pursue their own relative advantage – then those considerations will equally show that the predicaments cannot be resolved by recourse to norms (Buchanan, 1975, p. 132; Heath, 1976, p. 30; Sober and Wilson, 1998, 156ff; Taylor, 1987, p. 144). If free-rider consid…Read more
  •  22
    Habermas on Truth and Justice: Philip Pettit
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 14 207-228. 1982.
    The problem which motivates this paper bears on the relationship between Marxism and morality. It is not the well-established question of whether the Marxist's commitments undermine an attachment to ethical standards, but the more neglected query as to whether they allow the espousal of political ideals. The study and assessment of political ideals is pursued nowadays under the title of theory of justice, the aim of such theory being to provide a criterion for distinguishing just patterns of soc…Read more
  •  71
    A theory of normal and ideal conditions
    Philosophical Studies 96 (1): 21-44. 1999.
    It is a priori on many accounts of colour concepts that something is red if and only if it is such that it would look red to normal observers in normal circumstances: it is such that it would look red, as we can say, under normal conditions of observation. And as this sort of formula is widely applied to colour concepts, so similar schemas are commonly defended in relation to a variety of other concepts too. Not only are colour concepts connected in such a fashion with human responses, so by man…Read more
  •  191
    Responsibility incorporated
    Ethics 117 (2): 171-201. 2007.
    The Herald of Free Enterprise, a ferry operating in the English Channel, sank on March 6, 1987, drowning nearly two hundred people. The official inquiry found that the company running the ferry was extremely sloppy, with poor routines of checking and management. “From top to bottom the body corporate was infected with the disease of sloppiness.”1 But the courts did not penalize anyone in what might seem to be an appropriate measure, failing to identify individuals in the company or on the ship i…Read more
  •  24
    Causal Relevance and Event Identity
    Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 33 131-141. 1991.
  •  99
    The consequentialist can recognise rights
    Philosophical Quarterly 38 (150): 42-55. 1988.
    consequentialist, even being a utilitarian, allows one still to recognise rights.' I believe that these efforts are well motivated, for I think that any moral doctrine is suspect if one of its effects is to make agents unable to take one another's rights seriously
  • Not Just Deserts: A Republican Theory of Criminal Justice
    with John Braithwaite
    Mind 100 (3): 379-381. 1991.
  •  56