• Död och personlig identitet
    Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 8 (3): 25. 1987.
  •  36
    The morality of abstract entities
    Theoria 44 (1): 1-18. 1978.
  • Recidivist Punishments: The Philosopher's View
    with Peter Asp, Christopher Bennett, Peter Cave, J. Angelo Corlett, Richard Dagger, Michael Davis, Anthony Ellis, Thomas S. Petersen, and Julian V. Roberts
    Lexington Books. 2011.
    Much has been written about recidivist punishments, particularly within the area of criminology. However there is a notorious lack of penal philosophical reflection on this issue. This book attempts to fill that gap by presenting the philosopher’s view on this matter as a way of furthering the debate on recidivist punishments
  •  44
    Coercive Care: The Ethics of Choice in Health and Medicine asks probing and challenging questions regarding the use of coercion in health care and social services. This book combines philosophical analysis with comparative studies of social policy and law in a large number of industrialized countries and proposes an ideal of judicial security on a global scale.
  • Replik till Per Sundström
    Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 4. 1993.
  •  32
    Rational Injustice
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences 36 (4): 423-439. 2006.
    Different attempts have been made to answer Reich’s question of why the majority of those who are hungry don’t steal and why the majority of those who are exploited don’t strike. The two most influential approaches have been the ideological one and the gunman theory. The gunman theory seems to have the upper hand. However, there are cases where oppression takes place in the absence of any gunman. The usual example is the democratic welfare state. We can conceive of such instances of (continued) …Read more
  •  51
  • Om rationalitet
    Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 2. 1997.
  •  27
    Quine's Nihilism
    Ratio 15 (2): 205-219. 2002.
    Quine is an important philosopher. The point of departure of his philosophical enterprise is sound: his down to earth naturalism, his scientism and behaviourism. However, he tends to get carried away by it, when he goes to extremes – and ends up in nihilism. It is certainly true that we can never quite rule out the possibility that we have misunderstood another person. And what he or she means is a consequence mainly of two things. It is a consequence of his actual intention with the utterance a…Read more
  •  43
    Is Our Admiration for Sports Heroes Fascistoid?
    Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 25 (1): 23-34. 1998.
    No abstract
  •  20
  • Book Review-//Coercive Care: The Ethics of Choice in Health and Medicine (review)
    with Heta Aleksandra Gylling
    Bioethics 16 (1): 84-86. 2002.
  • En riktig hårding
    Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 4 (2): 37. 1983.
  •  25
    The case of biobank with the law: between a legal and scientific fiction
    with J. Sandor, P. Bard, and C. Tamburrini
    Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (6): 347-350. 2012.
    According to estimates more than 400 biobanks currently operate across Europe. The term ‘biobank’ indicates a specific field of genetic study that has quietly developed without any significant critical reflection across European societies. Although scientists now routinely use this phrase, the wider public is still confused when the word ‘bank’ is being connected with the collection of their biological samples. There is a striking lack of knowledge of this field. In the recent Eurobarometer surv…Read more
  •  19
    Context-Dependent Preferences and the Right to Forgo Life-Saving Treatments
    Social Theory and Practice 41 (4): 716-733. 2015.
    A member of Jehovah’s Witnesses agreed to receive blood when alone, but rejected it once the elders were present. She insisted that the elders should stay, they were allowed to do so, and she bled to death. Was it all right to allow her to have the elders present when she made her final decision? Was it all right to allow her to bleed to death? It was, according to an anti-paternalist principle, which I have earlier defended on purely utilitarian grounds. The thrust of the present argument is th…Read more
  •  23
    Against liberty
    Journal of Value Inquiry 18 (2): 83-97. 1984.
    There are no private particular actions that should be altogether free of social interference. No absolute distinction can be made between types of actions affecting others and those affecting only the agent. Relative to a purpose in formulating an act of law, for instance, such a distinction can, however, be made. The idea of social freedom could therefore be thought to imply that even if there are no absolutely private particular actions, and even if society could interfere for any purpose to …Read more
  • Replik om terrorismen
    Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 2 (4): 41. 1981.
  •  194
    Why We Ought to Accept the Repugnant Conclusion
    Utilitas 14 (3): 339. 2002.
    Derek Parfit has famously pointed out that ‘total’ utilitarian views, such as classical hedonistic utilitarianism, lead to the conclusion that, to each population of quite happy persons there corresponds a more extensive population with people living lives just worth living, which is better. In particular, for any possible population of at least ten billion people, all with a very high quality of life, there must be some much larger imaginable population whose existence, if other things are equa…Read more
  •  23
    Our right to in vitro fertilisation--its scope and limits
    Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (11): 802-806. 2008.
    There exists a derived negative right to procreative freedom, including a right to in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and to the exercise of selective techniques such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis. This is an extensive freedom, including not only the right to the exercise of a responsible parenthood, but also, in rare cases, to wrong decisions. It includes also a right for less than perfect parents to the use of IVF, and for IVF doctors to assist them, if they want and can agree about the terms
  •  209
    Moral Relativism
    Philosophical Studies 135 (2): 123-143. 2007.
    Moral relativism comes in many varieties. One is a moral doctrine, according to which we ought to respect other cultures, and allow them to solve moral problems as they see fit. I will say nothing about this kind of moral relativism in the present context. Another kind of moral relativism is semantic moral relativism, according to which, when we pass moral judgements, we make an implicit reference to some system of morality (our own). According to this kind of moral relativism, when I say that a…Read more
  •  94
    The repugnant conclusion is acceptable from the point of view of total utilitarianism. Total utilitarians do not seem to be bothered with it. They feel that it is in no way repugnant. To me, a hard-nosed total utilitarian, this settles the case. However, if, sometimes, I doubt that total utilitarianism has the final say in ethics, and tend to think that there may be something to some objection to it or another, it is the objection to it brought forward from egalitarian thought that first comes t…Read more
  •  21
    This article discusses under what circumstances patients who are suffering from senile dementia or mental retardation should be submitted to coercive care, who should decide about this kind of coercion, and in what legal framework it should take place. A distinction is drawn between modest (i.e. of moderate degree) and meddlesome coercion. The use of modest coercion is defended. It is argued that medical personnel ought to decide exclusively about the use of modest coercion. However, no law shou…Read more
  • Varför inte dödstraff?
    Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 4. 1997.
  •  116
    Against Sexual Discrimination in Sports
    In William J. Morgan (ed.), Ethics in Sport, Human Kinetics. pp. 347. 2007.
  • Död och teletransport
    Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 10 (2): 1. 1989.
  •  47
    The moral significance of moral realism
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (2): 247-261. 1988.
    Moral realism does not imply any interesting moral statements. However, There are pragmatic consequences of our acceptance of moral realism. If we accept moral realism we have good reasons to be concerned about moral arguments, And we are able to account for moral fallibility. If, On the other hand, We accept moral irrealism, A concern for moral arguments and moral consistency seems completely arbitrary, And we have difficulties to account for moral fallibility. We may even come to think, When a…Read more
  •  18
    Hedonistic Utilitarianism
    with Earl Conee
    Philosophical Review 110 (3): 428. 2001.
    This is a wide-ranging defense of a distinctive version of hedonistic act utilitarianism. It is plainly written, forthright, and stimulating. Also, it is replete with disputable assertions and arguments. I shall pursue one issue here, after sketching the project of each substantial chapter.
  •  20