•  115
    Private Conscience, Public Acts
    with Eva LaFollette
    Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (5): 249-254. 2007.
    A growing number of medical professionals claim a right of conscience, a right to refuse to perform any professional duty they deem immoral—and to do so with impunity. We argue that professionals do not have the unqualified right of conscience. At most they have a highly qualified right. We focus on the claims of pharmacists, since they are the professionals most commonly claiming this right.
  •  100
    Animal experimentation: The legacy of Claude Bernard
    with Niall Shanks
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (3). 1994.
    Claude Bernard, the father of scientific physiology, believed that if medicine was to become truly scientiifc, it would have to be based on rigorous and controlled animal experiments. Bernard instituted a paradigm which has shaped physiological practice for most of the twentieth century. ln this paper we examine how Bernards commitment to hypothetico-deductivism and determinism led to (a) his rejection of the theory of evolution; (b) his minima/ization of the role of clinical medicine and epidem…Read more
  •  436
    Licensing parents
    Philosophy and Public Affairs 9 (2): 182-197. 1980.
    In this essay I shall argue that the state should require all parents to be licensed. My main goal is to demonstrate that the licensing of parents is theoretically desirable, though I shall also argue that a workable and just licensing program actually could be established.
  •  7
    Words that Bind
    International Studies in Philosophy 32 (2): 127-127. 2000.
  •  260
    Ethics in Practice: An Anthology (edited book)
    Wiley-Blackwell. 1997.
    The fourth edition of _Ethics in Practice_ offers an impressive collection of 70 new, revised, and classic essays covering 13 key ethical issues. Essays integrate ethical theory and the discussion of practical moral problems into a text that is ideal for introductory and applied ethics courses. A fully updated and revised edition of this authoritative anthology of classic and contemporary essays covering a wide range of ethical and moral issues Integrates ethical theory with discussions of pract…Read more
  •  6
    The Status of Morality. By Thomas L. Carson
    Modern Schoolman 64 (1): 59-60. 1986.
  •  61
    Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation
    with Niall Shanks
    Routledge. 1997.
    _Brute Science_ investigates whether biomedical research using animals is, in fact, scientifically justified. Hugh LaFollette and Niall Shanks examine the issues in scientific terms using the models that scientists themselves use. They argue that we need to reassess our use of animals and, indeed, rethink the standard positions in the debate.
  •  93
    The moral and political status of children
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (4). 2004.
    Book Information The Moral and Political Status of Children. The Moral and Political Status of Children David Archard , Colin M. Macleod , eds. , Oxford and New York : Oxford University Press , 2002 , viii + 296 , US$60 (cloth). Edited by David Archard; , Colin M. Macleod; , eds.. Oxford University Press. Oxford and New York. Pp. viii + 296. US$60 (cloth).
  •  61
    Whenever two people have a close relationship, one or both of them may occasionally become jealous. Jealousy can occur in any type of relationship, although it is more frequent and typically more potent between lovers. Hence, I shall begin by discussing jealousy among lovers. Later I will show how that account is also applicable to other close personal relationships.
  •  8
    Applied Philosophy Misapplied
    Bowling Green Studies in Applied Philosophy 5 88-96. 1983.
  •  256
    Throughout this book, I made frequent reference to a wide range of moral issues: honesty, jealousy, sexual fidelity, commitment, paternalism, caring, etc. This suggests there is an intricate connection between morality and personal relationships. There is. Of course personal relationships do not always promote moral values, nor do people find all relationships salutary. Some friendships, marriages, and kin relationships are anything but healthy or valuable. We all know (and perhaps are in) some …Read more
  •  103
    Gun control: The issues
    Criminal Justice Ethics 20 (1): 17-18. 2001.
    No abstract
  •  368
    The International Encyclopedia of Ethics (edited book)
    Wiley-Blackwell. 2013.
    Unmatched in scholarship and scope, _The International Encyclopedia of Ethics_ is the definitive single-source reference work on Ethics, available both in print and online. Comprises over 700 entries, ranging from 1000 to 10,000 words in length, written by an international cast of subject experts Is arranged across 9 fully cross-referenced volumes including a comprehensive index Provides clear definitions and explanations of all areas of ethics including the topics, movements, arguments, and key…Read more
  •  99
    World Hunger
    In R. G. Frey & Christopher Heath Wellman (eds.), Blackwell Companion to Applied Ethics, Blackwell. 2003.
    W e are watching television, and an advertisement for UNICEF, OXFAM, or the Christian Children’s Fund interrupts our favorite show. We grab our remotes and quickly flip to another channel. Perhaps we mosey to the kitchen for a snack. Maybe we just sit, trying not to watch. These machinations may banish these haunting images of destitute, starving children from our TVs and our thoughts, but they do not alter the brutal facts: millions of people in the world are undernourished; thousands die each …Read more
  •  122
    Controlling guns
    Criminal Justice Ethics 20 (1): 34-39. 2001.
    Wheeler, Stark, and Stell have raised many interesting points concerning gun control that merit extended treatment. Here, however, I will focus only on two. I will then briefly expand on the proposal I offered in the original paper.
  •  43
    The physician's conscience
    American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12). 2007.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  49
  •  117
    Plantinga on the Free Will Defense
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (2). 1980.
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, Spring, 1980, 123-32.
  •  8
    Animal modeling in psychopharmacological contexts
    with Niall Shanks
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4): 653-654. 1993.
  •  190
    Licensing Parents Revisited
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (4): 327-343. 2010.
    Although systems for licensing professionals are far from perfect, and their problems and costs should not be ignored, they are justified as a necessary means of protecting innocent people's vital interests. Licensing defends patients from inept doctors, pharmacists, and physical therapists; it protects clients from unqualified lawyers. We should protect people who are highly vulnerable to those who are supposed to serve them, those with whom they have a special relationship. Requiring professio…Read more
  • Words that Bind: Judicial Review and the Grounds of Modern Constitutional Theory (review)
    International Studies in Philosophy 32 (2): 127-127. 2000.
  •  140
    Freedom of religion and children
    Public Affairs Quarterly (1): 75-87. 1989.
    In a number of recent federal court cases parents have sought to have their children exempted from certain school activities on the grounds that the children's participation in those activities violates their (the parents') right to freedom of religion. In Mozert v. Hawkin's County Public Schools (827 F. 2nd 1058) fundamentalist parents of several Tennessee public school children brought civil action against the school board for violating their constitutional right of freedom of religion. These …Read more
  •  397
    The truth in ethical relativism
    Journal of Social Philosophy 22 (1): 146-154. 1991.
    Ethical relativism is the thesis that ethical principles or judgments are relative to the individual or culture. When stated so vaguely relativism is embraced by numerous lay persons and a sizeable contingent of philosophers. Other philosophers, however, find the thesis patently false, even wonder how anyone could seriously entertain it. Both factions are on to something, yet both miss something significant as well. Those who whole-heartedly embrace relativism note salient respects in which ethi…Read more
  • Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation
    with Niall Shanks
    Ethics and the Environment 4 (1): 115-121. 1999.
  •  108
    Two models of models in biomedical research
    with Niall Shanks
    Philosophical Quarterly 45 (179): 141-160. 1995.
    Biomedical researchers claim there is significant biomedical information about humans which can be discovered only through experiments on intact animal systems (AMA p. 2). Although epidemiological studies, computer simulations, clinical investigation, and cell and tissue cultures have become important weapons in the biomedical scientists' arsenal, these are primarily "adjuncts to the use of animals in research" (Sigma Xi p. 76). Controlled laboratory experiments are the core of the scientific en…Read more
  •  93
    Suffer the Little Children
    with Larry May
    In William Aiken Hugh LaFollette (ed.), World Hunger and Morality, Prentice-hall. 1995.
    Children are the real victims of world hunger: at least 70% of the malnourished people of the world are children. By best estimates forty thousand children a day die of starvation (FAO 1989: 5). Children do not have the ability to forage for themselves, and their nutritional needs are exceptionally high. Hence, they are unable to survive for long on their own, especially in lean times. Moreover, they are especially susceptible to diseases and conditions which are the staple of undernourished peo…Read more
  •  77
    Are there limits on how human beings can legitimately treat non-human animals? Or can we treat them just any way we please? If there are limits, what are they? Are they sufficiently strong, as some people supp ose, to lead us to be vegetarians and to seriously curtail, if not eliminate, our use of non-human animals in `scientific' experiments designed to benefit us? To fully appreciate this question let me contrast it with two different ones: Are there limits on how we can legitimately treat roc…Read more
  •  31
    Moral Issues
    Teaching Philosophy 8 (1): 60-61. 1985.