•  7
    Love and Human Separateness
    Philosophical Books 29 (3): 159-162. 1988.
  •  12
    William H. ("Will") Aiken, Jr., 1947-2006
    Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 80 (2). 2006.
  •  5
    Chaos Theory: Analogical Reasoning In Biomedical Research
    with Niall Shanks
    Idealistic Studies 24 (3): 241-254. 1994.
    In this article we discuss two divergent accounts of non-human animals as analog models of human biomedical phenomena. Using a classical account of analogical reasoning, toxicologists and teratologists claim that if the model and subject modeled are substantially similar, then test results in non-human animals are likely applicable to humans. However, the same toxicologists report that different species often react very differently to the same chemical stimuli. The best way to understand their f…Read more
  •  183
    The Practice of Ethics
    Wiley-Blackwell. 2006.
    _The Practice of Ethics_ is an outstanding guide to the burgeoning field of applied ethics, and offers a coherent narrative that is both theoretically and pragmatically grounded for framing practical issues. Discusses a broad range of contemporary issues such as racism, euthanasia, animal rights, and gun control. Argues that ethics must be put into practice in order to be effective. Draws upon relevant insights from history, psychology, sociology, law and biology, as well as philosophy. An excel…Read more
  •  5
    The Ivory Tower. By Anthony Kenney
    Modern Schoolman 66 (1): 83-84. 1988.
  •  23
    Animal models in biomedical research: Some epistemological worries
    with Niall Shanks
    Public Affairs Quarterly 7 (2): 113-130. 1993.
  •  81
    Rights
    Teaching Philosophy 6 (4): 381-383. 1983.
  •  2
  •  101
    Mandatory Drug Testing
    In S. Luper-Foy C. Brown (ed.), Drugs, Morality, and the Law, Garland. 1994.
    By some estimates one-third of American corporations now require their employees to be tested for drug u se. The se requ iremen ts are com patible with general employment law while prom oting the public's in terest in figh ting drug use. Mo reover , the Unite d State s Supreme Court has ruled that drug tes ting prog rams a re cons titutionally p ermiss ible within both the public and the private sectors. It appears m andatory drug tes ting is a permanent fixture of American corporate life. (Baka…Read more
  •  255
    Gun control
    Ethics 110 (2): 263-281. 2000.
    Many of us assume we must either oppose or support gun control. Not so. We have a range of alternatives. Even this way of speaking oversimplifies our choices since there are two distinct scales on which to place alternatives. One scale concerns the degree (if at all) to which guns should be abolished. This scale moves from those who want no abolition (NA) of any guns, through those who want moderate abolition (MA) - to forbid access to some subclasses of guns - to those who want absolute aboliti…Read more
  •  148
    Mother Teresa spends her life caring for the poor and the infirm; J. Paul Getty, Jr., spends his life making investments and directing corporations. Although we might be unhappy doing what they do, we assume they are satisfied. Mother Teresa enjoys her work and would be miserable if she had to mastermind corporate takeovers. Getty would be wretched if he had to care for lepers or become a lawn chair salesman.
  •  158
    Circumscribed autonomy: Children, care, and custody
    In Uma Narayan & Julia Bartkowiak (eds.), Having and Raising Children, Pennsylvania State University Press. 1998.
    For many people the idea that children are autonomous agents whose autonomy the parents should respect and the state should protect is laughable. For them, such an idea is the offspring of idle academics who never had, or at least never seriously interacted with, children. Autonomy is the province of full fledged rational adults, not immature children. It is easy to see why many people embrace this view. Very young children do not have the experience or knowledge to make informed decisions about…Read more
  •  84
    The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 2003.
    The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics is a lively and authoritative guide to current thought about ethical issues in all areas of human activity--personal, medical, sexual, social, political, judicial, and international, from the natural world to the world of business. Twenty-eight topics are covered in specially written surveys by leading figures in their fields: each gives an authoritative map of the ethical terrain, explaining how the debate has developed in recent years, engaging criticall…Read more
  •  85
    The Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory (edited book)
    with Ingmar Persson
    Wiley-Blackwell. 2000.
    Building on the strengths of the highly successful first edition, the extensively updated _Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory_ presents a complete state-of-the-art survey, written by an international team of leading moral philosophers. __ A new edition of this successful and highly regarded _Guide_, now reorganized and updated with the addition of significant new material Includes 21 essays written by an international team of leading philosophers Extensive, substantive essays develop the main arg…Read more
  •  32
    Applied Ethics
    Teaching Philosophy 11 (1): 83-84. 1988.
  •  131
    Living on a Slippery Slope
    Journal of Ethics 9 (3-4): 475-499. 2005.
    Our actions, individually and collectively, inevitably affect others, ourselves, and our institutions. They shape the people we become and the kind of world we inhabit. Sometimes those consequences are positive, a giant leap for moral humankind. Other times they are morally regressive. This propensity of current actions to shape the future is morally important. But slippery slope arguments are a poor way to capture it. That is not to say we can never develop cogent slippery slope arguments. None…Read more
  •  102
    Why libertarianism is mistaken
    In John Arthur & William Shaw (eds.), Justice and Economic Distribution (2nd), Prentice-hall. 1979.
    Taxing the income of some people to provide goods or services to others, even those with urgent needs, is unjust. It is a violation of the wage earner's rights, a restriction of his freedom. At least that is what the libertarian tells us. I disagree. Not all redistribution of income is unjust; or so I shall argue.
  •  112
    Pragmatic Ethics
    In Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory, Blackwell. pp. 400--419. 1997.
    Pragmatism is a philosophical movement developed near the turn of the century in the of several prominent American philosophers, most notably, Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, and John Dewey. Although many contemporary analytic philosophers never studied American Philosophy in graduate schoo l, analytic philosophy has been significantly shaped by philosophers strongly influenced by that tradition, most especially W. V. Quine, Donald Davidson, Hilary Putnam, and Richard Rorty. Like other ph…Read more
  •  8
    Teorias sobre a ├ętica
    Critica -. 2004.
  • Book Reviews (review)
    Ethics 113 (4): 907-911. 2003.
  •  25
    The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion
    with Michael L. Woodruff
    Philosophical Psychology 28 (3): 452-465. 2015.
    Jonathan Haidt's The Righteous Mind seeks to explain why it is difficult for liberals and conservatives to get along. His aim is not just explanatory but also prescriptive. Once we understand that the differences between disputants spring from distinct moral views held by equally sincere people, then we will no longer have reason for deep political animus. Conservatives and Liberals have distinct moral views and they understand human nature differently. He claims that these differences are best …Read more