•  351
    Behavioral Circumscription and the Folk Psychology of Belief: A Study in Ethno-Mentalizing
    with David Rose, Edouard Machery, Mario Alai, Adriano Angelucci, Renatas Berniūnas, Emma E. Buchtel, Amita Chatterjee, Hyundeuk Cheon, In-Rae Cho, Daniel Cohnitz, Florian Cova, Vilius Dranseika, Ángeles Eraña Lagos, Laleh Ghadakpour, and Maurice Grinberg
    Thought: A Journal of Philosophy. forthcoming.
    Is behavioral integration (i.e., which occurs when a subjects assertion that p matches her non-verbal behavior) a necessary feature of belief in folk psychology? Our data from nearly 6,000 people across twenty-six samples, spanning twenty-two countries suggests that it is not. Given the surprising cross-cultural robustness of our findings, we suggest that the types of evidence for the ascription of a belief are, at least in some circumstances, lexicographically ordered: assertions are first ta…Read more
  •  20
    Are we really moralizing creatures through and through?
    with Tomasz Wysocki
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (4): 351-352. 2010.
    Knobe contends that in making judgments about a wide range of matters, moral considerations and scientific considerations are and thus that We argue that his own account of the mechanism underlying these judgments does not support this radical conclusion
  •  21
    The Innate Mind: Foundations and the Future (edited book)
    Oxford University Press USA. 2007.
    This is the third volume of a three-volume set on The Innate Mind. The extent to which cognitive structures, processes, and contents are innate is one of the central questions concerning the nature of the mind, with important implications for debates throughout the human sciences. By bringing together the top nativist scholars in philosophy, psychology, and allied disciplines these volumes provide a comprehensive assessment of nativist thought and a definitive reference point for future nativist…Read more
  •  28
    The recombinant DNA debate
    Philosophy and Public Affairs 7 (3): 187-205. 1978.
  •  54
    Fred Dretske began his review of my book, The Fragmentation of Reason, with the warning that it would ‘get the adrenalin pumping’ if you are a fan of episte- mology in the analytic tradition (Dretske 1992). Well, if my book got the adrenalin pumping, this one will make your blood boil. Bishop and Trout (B&T) adopt the label ‘Standard Analytic Epistemology (SAE)’ for ‘a contin- gently clustered class of methods and theses that have dominated English- speaking epistemology for much of the past cen…Read more
  •  31
    Editors' note
    Synthese 122 (1-2): 1-1. 2000.
  •  139
    Naturalizing epistemology: Quine, Simon and the prospects for pragmatism
    In C. Hookway & D. Peterson (eds.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement, Cambridge University Press. pp. 1-17. 1993.
    In recent years there has been a great deal of discussion about the prospects of developing a “naturalized epistemology,” though different authors tend to interpret this label in quite different ways.1 One goal of this paper is to sketch three projects that might lay claim to the “naturalized epistemology” label, and to argue that they are not all equally attractive. Indeed, I’ll maintain that the first of the three – the one I’ll attribute to Quine – is simply incoherent. There is no way we cou…Read more
  •  19
    Rethinking Rationality: From Bleak Implications to Darwinian Modules
    with Richard Samuels and Patrice D. Tremoulet
    In Kepa Korta, Ernest Sosa & Xabier Arrazola (eds.), Cognition, Agency and Rationality, Springer Verlag. pp. 21-62. 1999.
    There is a venerable philosophical tradition that views human beings as intrinsically rational, though even the most ardent defender of this view would admit that under certain circumstances people’s decisions and thought processes can be very irrational indeed. When people are extremely tired, or drunk, or in the grip of rage, they sometimes reason and act in ways that no account of rationality would condone. About thirty years ago, Amos Tversky, Daniel Kahneman and a number of other psychologi…Read more
  •  5
    The Future of Folk Psychology
    In Scott M. Christensen & Dale R. Turner (eds.), Folk Psychology and the Philosophy of Mind, L. Erlbaum. pp. 93. 1993.
  •  131
    Connectionism and three levels of nativism
    with William Ramsey
    Synthese 82 (2): 177-205. 1990.
      Along with the increasing popularity of connectionist language models has come a number of provocative suggestions about the challenge these models present to Chomsky's arguments for nativism. The aim of this paper is to assess these claims. We begin by reconstructing Chomsky's argument from the poverty of the stimulus and arguing that it is best understood as three related arguments, with increasingly strong conclusions. Next, we provide a brief introduction to connectionism and give a quick …Read more
  •  14
    This volume collects the best and most influential essays that Stephen Stich has published in the last 40 years on topics in the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of language. They discuss a wide range of topics including grammar, innateness, reference, folk psychology, eliminativism, connectionism, evolutionary psychology, simulation theory, social construction, and psychopathology. However, they are unified by two central concerns. The first is the viability of the commonsense conceptio…Read more
  •  10
    Innate Ideas
    Philosophical Quarterly 26 (104): 277-279. 1976.
  •  37
    Logical truth revisited
    with Peter G. Hinman and Jaegwon Kim
    Journal of Philosophy 65 (17): 495-500. 1968.
  •  58
    Why there might not be an evolutionary explanation for psychological altruism
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 56 3-6. 2016.
  •  1
    The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future (edited book)
    with Peter Caruthers and Stephen Laurence
    Oxford University Press. 2008.
    This is the third of a three-volume set on The Innate Mind providing a comprehensive assessment of nativist thought and definitive reference point for future inquiry. Together these volumes point the way toward a synthesis that provides a powerful picture of our minds and their place in the natural order.
  •  6
    Robert Cummins, Meaning and Mental Representation Reviewed by
    Philosophy in Review 10 (5): 177-180. 1990.
  •  23
    What every grammar does: A reply to prof. Arbini
    Philosophia 3 (1): 85-96. 1973.
  •  157
    During the last 25 years, researchers studying human reasoning and judgment in what has become known as the “heuristics and biases” tradition have produced an impressive body of experimental work which many have seen as having “bleak implications” for the rationality of ordinary people (Nisbett and Borgida 1975). According to one proponent of this view, when we reason about probability we fall victim to “inevitable illusions” (Piattelli-Palmarini 1994). Other proponents maintain that the human m…Read more
  •  1
    The Cognitive Basis of Science (edited book)
    with Peter Carruthers, Stephen Stich, and Michael Siegal
    Cambridge University Press. 2002.
    The Cognitive Basis of Science concerns the question 'What makes science possible?' Specifically, what features of the human mind and of human culture and cognitive development permit and facilitate the conduct of science? The essays in this volume address these questions, which are inherently interdisciplinary, requiring co-operation between philosophers, psychologists, and others in the social and cognitive sciences. They concern the cognitive, social, and motivational underpinnings of scienti…Read more
  •  14
    On the relation between occurrents and contentful mental states
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 24 (October): 353-358. 1981.
  •  373
    Autonomous psychology and the belief/desire thesis
    The Monist 61 (October): 573-91. 1978.
    A venerable view, still very much alive, holds that human action is to be explained at least in part in terms of beliefs and desires. Those who advocate the view expect that the psychological theory which explains human behavior will invoke the concepts of belief and desire in a substantive way. I will call this expectation the belief-desire thesis. Though there would surely be a quibble or a caveat here and there, the thesis would be endorsed by an exceptionally heterogeneous collection of psyc…Read more
  •  34
    The pretense debate
    with Joshua Tarzia
    Cognition 143 1-12. 2015.