•  34
    When I assertively utter the sentence `Spot is a cat', the sentence I utter expresses a proposition. The truth condition of the proposition so expressed is determined by the semantic values of the singular term, `Spot', and the predicate, `is a cat'. If `Spot' refers to a certain particular entity E and `is a cat' expresses a certain particular property P, then the proposition in question is true if and only if E has P. Such is the theoretical cash value of reference. The referent of a given sin…Read more
  •  28
    Gluons of Different Colors
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (4): 555-559. 2017.
  •  28
    The eleven original essays in this collection competently cover a wide range of Robert Stalnaker’s philosophical work, and Stalnaker’s replies to them are clear, well-thought out, and informative. Anyone interested in Stalnaker’s philosophy or the areas covered in this volume is well advised to read it.
  •  26
    Belief de re without encounter
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (3): 461-474. 1983.
  •  24
    Meaning, expression, and thought
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3): 744-747. 2005.
  •  22
    The referential and the attributive: A distinction in use?
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (1): 109-125. 1985.
  •  12
    The Cost of Meaning Solipsism
    Grazer Philosophische Studien 46 (1): 213-230. 1993.
    Meaning Solipsism says that it is possible for there to be a meaningful state without any other meaningful state. The meaning of such a solo meaningful state should be non-natural. The best strategy for establishing Meaning Solipsism is to argue for the determination of the meaning of a possible solo meaningful state via the set of entities the meaning of the state fits. Embracing merely possible and impossible entities is the most straightforward way to do so. Also, a good way to honor analayti…Read more
  •  12
    The Cost of Meaning Solipsism
    Grazer Philosophische Studien 46 (1): 213-230. 1993.
    Meaning Solipsism says that it is possible for there to be a meaningful state without any other meaningful state. The meaning of such a solo meaningful state should be non-natural. The best strategy for establishing Meaning Solipsism is to argue for the determination of the meaning of a possible solo meaningful state via the set of entities the meaning of the state fits. Embracing merely possible and impossible entities is the most straightforward way to do so. Also, a good way to honor analayti…Read more
  •  9
    Belief De Re without Encounter
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (3): 461-474. 1983.
  •  6
    Holism: A Consumer Update
    Grazer Philosophische Studien 46 213-230. 1993.
    Meaning Solipsism says that it is possible for there to be a meaningful state without any other meaningful state. The meaning of such a solo meaningful state should be non-natural. The best strategy for establishing Meaning Solipsism is to argue for the determination of the meaning of a possible solo meaningful state via the set of entities the meaning of the state fits. Embracing merely possible and impossible entities is the most straightforward way to do so. Also, a good way to honor analayti…Read more
  •  6
    Salmon Trapping
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2): 351-370. 1997.
    Call a sentential context semantically transparent if and only if all synonymous expressions are substitutable for one another in it salva veritate. Nathan Salmon has boldly advanced a refreshingly crisp semantic theory according to which belief contexts are semantically transparent. If he is right, belief contexts are much better behaved than widely suspected. Impressive as it is, this author does not believe that Salmon's theory is completely satisfactory. This article tries to show that Salmo…Read more
  •  5
    The Referential and the Attributive: A Distinction in Use?
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (1): 109-125. 1985.
  •  3
    Stephen Neale, Descriptions Reviewed by
    Philosophy in Review 12 (1): 49-51. 1992.
  • Ghosts Are Chilly
    with W. D. Hart
    In Peter van Inwagen & Dean Zimmerman (eds.), Persons: Human and Divine, Clarendon Press. 2007.
  • Stephen Neale, Descriptions (review)
    Philosophy in Review 12 49-51. 1992.
  • Extended modal realism
    Philosophical Studies 53 175-204. 1988.
  • Belief and Synonymy
    Dissertation, Princeton University. 1981.
    My general contention is to defend the compositional principle of meaning--that the meaning of a complex expression is a function of the meanings of its parts --with respect to belief contexts, which do not always appear to allow salva veritate substitutivity of synonyms. I argue that this appearance is an illusion which results from confusing beliefs that are not about linguistic expressions with beliefs that are about linguistic expressions. In doing so, I invoke and elaborate the Gricean dist…Read more
  • Definition
    In Audi Robert (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, Cambridge University Press. pp. 213--215. 1995.