•  30
    Walter Burley and the Obligationes attributed to William of Sherwood
    with Paul Vincent Spade
    History and Philosophy of Logic 4 (1-2): 9-26. 1983.
    The history of the mediaeval obligationes-literature has only recently begun to be studied. Two important treatises in this literature, one by Walter Burley and the other attributed to William of Sherwood, have been edited by Romuald Green in a forthcoming book. But there is considerable doubt concerning the authenticity of the text attributed to Sherwood. The correct attribution and dating of this treatise is crucial for our understanding of the history of this literature. In this paper, we arg…Read more
  •  25
    The Philosophical Theology of St. Thomas Aquinas
    Review of Metaphysics 47 (1): 141-143. 1993.
    This book is the second volume of a two-part study, The Metaphysics of St. Thomas Aquinas in a Historical Perspective. In the first part, the author concentrated on Aquinas's understanding of "common being"; in this part he considers Aquinas's account of the existence and nature of God. Elders largely follows the order of the first questions of Aquinas's Summa theologiae. He begins by examining Aquinas's views about the demonstrability of God's existence and then devotes considerable attention t…Read more
  •  24
    Revelation: From Metaphor to Analogy
    with Richard Swinburne
    Philosophical Review 103 (4): 739. 1994.
  •  22
  •  20
    Love, Guilt, and Forgiveness
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 85 1-19. 2019.
    In Simon Wiesenthal's book The Sunflower: On the Possibility and Limits of Forgiveness, Wiesenthal tells the story of a dying German soldier who was guilty of horrendous evil against Jewish men, women, and children, but who desperately wanted forgiveness from and reconciliation with at least one Jew before his death. Wiesenthal, then a prisoner in a camp, was brought to hear the German soldier's story and his pleas for forgiveness. As Wiesenthal understands his own reaction to the German soldier…Read more
  •  20
    Introduction
    Res Philosophica 96 (1): 1-1. 2019.
  •  18
    The Concept of God
    Philosophical Review 86 (3): 398. 1977.
  •  17
    Science, Reason, and Religion
    Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 85 15-17. 2011.
  •  16
    The Cambridge Companion to Augustine (edited book)
    with Norman Kretzmann
    Cambridge University Press. 2001.
    It is hard to overestimate the importance of the work of Augustine of Hippo, both in his own period and in the subsequent history of Western philosophy. Until the thirteenth century, when he may have had a competitor in Thomas Aquinas, he was the most important philosopher of the medieval period. Many of his views, including his theory of the just war, his account of time and eternity, his understanding of the will, his attempted resolution of the problem of evil, and his approach to the relatio…Read more
  •  16
    Introduction of the Aquinas Medalist
    Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 85 15-17. 2011.
  •  16
    Dialectic and its Place in the Development of Medieval Logic
    with E. J. Ashworth
    Philosophical Review 101 (2): 377. 1992.
  •  14
    THE DOCTRINE OF THE ATONEMENT IS THE CENTRAL DOCTRINE OF CHRISTIANITY, BUT IT HAS NOT RECEIVED MUCH ATTENTION IN CONTEMPORARY PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION, IN PART BECAUSE IT TENDS TO BE KNOWN ONLY IN AN UNREFLECTIVE VERSION FULL OF PHILOSOPHICAL AND THEOLOGICAL PROBLEMS. I PRESENT AN ALTERNATIVE VERSION OF THE DOCTRINE, TAKEN FROM AQUINAS, ARGUE THAT IT IS A COGENT AND CONSISTENT ACCOUNT, AND SHOW THAT IT DOES NOT SUFFER FROM THE PROBLEMS OF THE UNREFLECTIVE VERSION
  •  14
    Providence and the problem of evil
    In Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas, Oxford University Press. 2011.
  •  13
    Aquinas: God and Action
    Philosophical Review 90 (1): 162. 1981.
  •  13
    10. Being and Goodness
    with Norman Kretzmann
    In Thomas V. Morris (ed.), Divine and Human Action: Essays in the Metaphysics of Theism, Cornell University Press. pp. 281-312. 2019.
  •  13
    Boethius's in Ciceronis Topica
    Philosophical Review 100 (4): 692-695. 1988.
  •  13
    Scholars discussing Aquinas’s ethics typically understand it as largely Aristotelian, though with some differences accounted for by the differences in world­view between Aristotle and Aquinas. In this paper, I argue against this view. I show that although Aquinas recognizes the Aristotelian virtues, he thinks they are not real virtues. Instead, for Aquinas, the passions—or the suitably formulated intellectual and volitional analogues to the passions—are not only the foundation of any real ethica…Read more
  •  12
    Faith and Goodness
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 25 167-191. 1989.
    Recent work on the subject of faith has tended to focus on the epistemology of religious belief, considering such issues as whether beliefs held in faith are rational and how they may be justified. Richard Swinburne, for example, has developed an intricate explanation of the relationship between the propositions of faith and the evidence for them. Alvin Plantinga, on the other hand, has maintained that belief in God may be properly basic, that is, that a belief that God exists can be part of the…Read more
  •  12
    Divine Substance
    Philosophical Review 89 (1): 145. 1980.
  •  12
    Petitionary Prayer
    American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (2): 81-91. 1979.
  •  11
    Faith and Reason
    Philosophical Review 93 (2): 308. 1984.
  •  10
    Persons: Identification and Freedom
    Philosophical Topics 24 (2): 183-214. 1996.
  •  10
    Aquinas’s Account of Freedom: Intellect and Will
    The Monist 80 (4): 576-597. 1997.
    It is difficult to develop a comprehensive and satisfactory account of Aquinas’s views of the nature of human freedom.
  •  10
    Atemporal Duration: A Reply to Fitzgerald
    with Norman Kretzmann
    Journal of Philosophy 84 (4): 214-219. 1987.
  •  9
    Atemporal Duration
    with Norman Kretzmann
    Journal of Philosophy 84 (4): 214-219. 1987.
  •  9
    God's simplicity
    In Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas, Oxford University Press. 2011.