•  30
    Affective problem solving: emotion in research practice
    with Lisa M. Osbeck
    Mind and Society 10 (1): 57-78. 2011.
    This paper presents an analysis of emotional and affectively toned discourse in biomedical engineering researchers’ accounts of their problem solving practices. Drawing from our interviews with scientists in two laboratories, we examine three classes of expression: explicit, figurative and metaphorical, and attributions of emotion to objects and artifacts important to laboratory practice. We consider the overall function of expressions in the particular problem solving contexts described. We arg…Read more
  •  17
    Forms of Positioning in Interdisciplinary Science Practice and Their Epistemic Effects
    with Lisa M. Osbeck
    Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 40 (2): 136-161. 2010.
  •  63
    The roots of epistemological 'anarchy'
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 22 (1-4). 1979.
    The claims of the epistemological 'anarchists' have their roots in the orthodox tradition as well as in the Popperian. In particular they follow from the work of Quine. Meaning variance and incommensurability follow directly from the holistic conception of meaning in his 'network' view. Quine's efforts to evade this conclusion fail. His attempt to develop a theory-neutral notion of observation sentence is shown (1) to be inconsistent with his previous claims since it involves the tacit acceptanc…Read more
  •  42
    Abstraction via generic modeling in concept formation in science
    Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 86 (1): 117-144. 2005.
    Cases where analogy has played a significant role in the formation of a new scientific concept are well-documented. Yet, how is it that genuinely new representations can be constructed from existing representations? It is argued that the process of ‘generic modeling’ enables abstraction of features common to both the domain of the source of the analogy and of the target phenomena. The analysis focuses on James Clerk Maxwell's construction of the electromagnetic field concept. The mathematica…Read more
  •  36
    ' this volume will make a significant contribution to a more adequate understanding of the 'nature of scientific knowledge and inquiry' ' ISIS Vol.79,No.1,1988
  •  41
    PARTI The Philosophical Situation: A Critical Appraisal We must begin with the mistake and find out the truth in it. That is, we must uncover the source of ...
  •  119
    There is substantial evidence that traditional instructional methods have not been successful in helping students to restructure their commonsense conceptions and learn the conceptual structures of scientific theories. This paper argues that the nature of the changes and the kinds of reasoning required in a major conceptual restructuring of a representation of a domain are fundamentally the same in the discovery and in the learning processes. Understanding conceptual change as it occurs in scien…Read more
  •  52
    The distribution of representation
    with Lisa M. Osbeck
    Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 36 (2). 2006.
  •  13
    The method to "meaning": A reply to Leplin
    Philosophy of Science 58 (4): 678-686. 1991.
    In his article, "Is Essentialism Unscientific?" (1988), Jarrett Leplin claims that I do not have sufficient grounds for rejecting the customary "philosophical method of discovery" that allows for the direct transfer of theories developed in the philosophy of language to science. While admitting that all attempts at transfer thus far have failed, he still maintains that method is sound. I argue that the wholesale failure of these attempts is reason enough to suspect the method and to try to devis…Read more
  •  46
    Why is 'incommensurability' a problem?
    Acta Biotheoretica 31 (4): 205-218. 1982.
    The origins of the ‘ incommensurability problem’ and its central aspect, the ‘ meaning variance thesis’ are traced to the successive collapse of several distinctions maintained by the standard empiricist account of meaning in scientific theories. The crucial distinction is that between a conceptual structure and a theory. The ‘thesis’ and the ‘problem’ follow from critiques of this distinction by Duhem, Quine and Feyerabend. It is maintained that, rather than revealing the ‘problem’, the argumen…Read more
  •  17
    Child's play
    Philosophy of Science 63 (4): 542-546. 1996.
  •  79
    Model‐Based Reasoning in Distributed Cognitive Systems
    Philosophy of Science 73 (5): 699-709. 2006.
    This paper examines the nature of model-based reasoning in the interplay between theory and experiment in the context of biomedical engineering research laboratories, where problem solving involves using physical models. These "model systems" are sites of experimentation where in vitro models are used to screen, control, and simulate specific aspects of in vivo phenomena. As with all models, simulation devices are idealized representations, but they are also systems themselves, possessing engine…Read more
  •  61
    Creating Scientific Concepts
    MIT Press. 2008.
    How do novel scientific concepts arise? In Creating Scientific Concepts, Nancy Nersessian seeks to answer this central but virtually unasked question in the problem of conceptual change. She argues that the popular image of novel concepts and profound insight bursting forth in a blinding flash of inspiration is mistaken. Instead, novel concepts are shown to arise out of the interplay of three factors: an attempt to solve specific problems; the use of conceptual, analytical, and material resource…Read more
  •  12
    Creativity is in the mind of the creator
    with Ashwin Ram, Eric Domeshek, Linda Wills, and Janet Kolodner
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3): 549-549. 1994.
  •  19
    with Lorenzo Magnani and Paul Thagard
    Philosophica 62. 1998.
  •  14
    Interdisciplinary Collaboration: Cognitive Conditions and Tools
    with Michael H. G. Hoffmann, Jan C. Schmidt, Michael Decker, and Paul Hirsch
    White Paper for Nsf's Sbe 2020: Future Research in the Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences. 2010.
    Interdisciplinary collaboration figures centrally in frontier research in many fields. Participants in inter-disciplinary projects face problems they would not encounter within their own disciplines. Among those are problems of mutual understanding, of finding a language to communicate both within projects and with the scientific community and society at large, and of needing to master concepts and methods of different disciplines. We think that a concentrated research and development effort is …Read more
  •  16
    with Lorenzo Magnani and Paul Thagard
    Philosophica 61. 1998.
  •  446
    Kuhn, conceptual change, and cognitive science
    In Tom Nickles (ed.), Thomas Kuhn, Cambridge University Press. pp. 179-211. 2003.
  •  46
    Coupling simulation and experiment: The bimodal strategy in integrative systems biology
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (4a): 572-584. 2013.
    The importation of computational methods into biology is generating novel methodological strategies for managing complexity which philosophers are only just starting to explore and elaborate. This paper aims to enrich our understanding of methodology in integrative systems biology, which is developing novel epistemic and cognitive strategies for managing complex problem-solving tasks. We illustrate this through developing a case study of a bimodal researcher from our ethnographic investigation o…Read more
  • Concepts Out of Theoretical Contexts
    with Theodore Arabatzis
    In Ana Simões, Jürgen Renn & Theodore Arabatzis (eds.), Relocating the History of Science, Springer Verlag. 2015.
  •  14
    Abduction and Scientific Discovery
    with Lorenzo Magnani, Paul Thagard, and An Offprint From Philosophies
    Philosophica 61 (1): 51-76. 1998.