•  24
    This first part of this article critiques Sridhar Venkatapuram's conception of health as a capability. It argues that Venkatapuram relies on the problematic concept of dignity, implies that those who are unhealthy lack lives worthy of dignity, sets a low bar for health, appeals to metaphysically problematic thresholds, fails to draw clear connections between appealed-to capabilities and health, and downplays the importance/relevance of health functioning. It concludes by questioning whether just…Read more
  •  28
    Commentary: The Ethics of Dangerous Discovery
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4): 444-447. 2006.
    The American Medical Association's Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs' new “Guidelines to Prevent the Malevolent Use of Biomedical Research” are both timely and appropriate. These guidelines are a product of the increasing realization of the “dual use” potential of life science discoveries. Although biomedical research usually aims at the development of new medicines, vaccines, diagnostics, and so on, the very same discoveries that could benefit humankind in these ways also often have impli…Read more
  •  7
  •  18
    A relational approach to saviour siblings?
    Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (12): 924-925. 2015.
  •  29
    In this article, we raise ethical concerns about the potential misuse of open-source biology : biological research and development that progresses through an organisational model of radical openness, deskilling, and innovation. We compare this organisational structure to that of the open-source software model, and detail salient ethical implications of this model. We demonstrate that OSB, in virtue of its commitment to openness, may be resistant to governance attempts
  •  12
    Just liability and reciprocity reasons for treating wounded soldiers
    American Journal of Bioethics 8 (2). 2008.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  75
    Emergency Ethics (edited book)
    Ashgate. 2012.
    Emergencies are extreme events which threaten to cause massive disruption to society and negatively affect the physical and psychological well-being of its members. They raise important practical and theoretical questions about how we should treat each other in times of "crisis". The articles selected for this volume focus on the nature and significance of emergencies; ethical issues in emergency public policy and law; war, terrorism and supreme emergencies; and public health and humanitarian em…Read more
  •  23
    Ethics and eugenic enhancement
    Poiesis and Praxis 1 (4): 239-261. 2003.
    Suppose we accept prenatal diagnosis and the selective abortion of fetuses that test positive for severe genetic disorders to be both morally and socially acceptable. Should we consider prenatal diagnosis and selective abortion (or other genetic interventions such as preimplantation diagnosis, genetic therapy, cloning, etc.) for nontherapeutic purposes to be acceptable as well? On the one hand, the social aims to promote liberty in general, and reproductive liberty in particular, provide reason …Read more
  • Ethics and Antimicrobial Resistance (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 2018.
  •  25
    A Moderate Approach to Enhancement
    Philosophy Now 91 12-13. 2012.
  •  113
    Kidney Sales and the Burden of Proof
    Journal of Practical Ethics 7 (3): 32-53. 2019.
    Janet Radcliffe Richards’ The Ethics of Transplants outlines a novel framework for moral inquiry in practical contexts and applies it to the topic of paid living kidney donation. In doing so, Radcliffe Richards makes two key claims: that opponents of organ markets bear the burden of proof, and that this burden has not yet been satisfied. This paper raises four related objections to Radcliffe Richards’ methodological framework, focusing largely on how Radcliffe Richards uses this framework in her…Read more
  •  34
    Zika, contraception and the non‐identity problem
    with Keyur Doolabh, Lucius Caviola, Julian Savulescu, and Dominic J. C. Wilkinson
    Developing World Bioethics 17 (3): 173-204. 2017.
    The 2016 outbreak of the Zika arbovirus was associated with large numbers of cases of the newly-recognised Congenital Zika Syndrome. This novel teratogenic epidemic raises significant ethical and practical issues. Many of these arise from strategies used to avoid cases of CZS, with contraception in particular being one proposed strategy that is atypical in epidemic control. Using contraception to reduce the burden of CZS has an ethical complication: interventions that impact the timing of concep…Read more
  • Ethics and Drug Resistance: Collective Responsibility for Global Public Health (edited book)
    with Euzebiusz Jamrozik
    Springer. 2020.
    This Open Access volume provides in-depth analysis of the wide range of ethical issues associated with drug-resistant infectious diseases. Antimicrobial resistance is widely recognized to be one of the greatest threats to global public health in coming decades; and it has thus become a major topic of discussion among leading bioethicists and scholars from related disciplines including economics, epidemiology, law, and political theory. Topics covered in this volume include responsible use of ant…Read more
  •  15
    Ethics and Infectious Disease (edited book)
    with Margaret Battin and Charles B. Smith
    Wiley. 2006.
    This seminal collection on the ethical issues associated with infectious disease is the first book to correct bioethics’ glaring neglect of this subject. Timely in view of public concern about SARS, AIDS, avian flu, bioterrorism and antibiotic resistance. Brings together new and classic papers by prominent figures. Tackles the ethical issues associated with issues such as quarantine, vaccination policy, pandemic planning, biodefense, wildlife disease and health care in developing countries.
  •  230
    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global public health disaster driven largely by antibiotic use in human health care. Doctors considering whether to prescribe antibiotics face an ethical conflict between upholding individual patient health and advancing public health aims. Existing literature mainly examines whether patients awaiting consultations desire or expect to receive antibiotic prescriptions, but does not report views of the wider public regarding conditions under which doctors should…Read more
  •  60
    Ethical Criteria for Human Challenge Studies in Infectious Diseases: Table 1
    with Ben Bambery, Charles Weijer, Julian Savulescu, and Andrew J. Pollard
    Public Health Ethics 9 (1): 92-103. 2016.
    Purposeful infection of healthy volunteers with a microbial pathogen seems at odds with acceptable ethical standards, but is an important contemporary research avenue used to study infectious diseases and their treatments. Generally termed ‘controlled human infection studies’, this research is particularly useful for fast tracking the development of candidate vaccines and may provide unique insight into disease pathogenesis otherwise unavailable. However, scarce bioethical literature is currentl…Read more
  •  42
    The Case for Mandatory Flu Vaccination of Children
    with Ben Bambery, Hannah Maslen, Andrew J. Pollard, and Julian Savulescu
    American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9). 2013.
    No abstract
  •  17
    The Intensive Care Lifeboat: a survey of lay attitudes to rationing dilemmas in neonatal intensive care
    with C. Arora, J. Savulescu, H. Maslen, and D. Wilkinson
    BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1): 69. 2016.
    BackgroundResuscitation and treatment of critically ill newborn infants is associated with relatively high mortality, morbidity and cost. Guidelines relating to resuscitation have traditionally focused on the best interests of infants. There are, however, limited resources available in the neonatal intensive care unit, meaning that difficult decisions sometimes need to be made. This study explores the intuitions of lay people regarding resource allocation decisions in the NICU.MethodsThe study d…Read more