•  21
    Focus on infectious disease
    Poiesis and Praxis 3 (4): 227-228. 2005.
  •  20
    Ethics, tuberculosis and globalization
    Public Health Ethics 1 (1): 10-20. 2008.
    CAPPE LPO Box 8260 ANU Canberra ACT 2601 Australia Tel: +61 (0)2 6125 4355, Fax: +61 (0)2 6125 6579; Email: michael.selgelid{at}anu.edu.au ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract This article reviews ethically relevant history of tuberculosis and recent developments regarding extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB). It argues that tuberculosis is one of the most important neglected topics in bioethics. With an emphasis on XDR-TB, it examines a range of the more challenging ethical issues as…Read more
  •  20
    Whether or not MSF should provide unconditional treatment for lead poisoning in Nigeria partly depends on answers to empirical questions regarding what the overall consequences of such a practice are likely to be. Conditional provision of treatment may yield greater health benefits (especially if treatment resources are limited)
  •  20
    Necessity and least infringement conditions in public health ethics
    with Timothy Allen
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (4): 525-535. 2017.
    The influential public health ethics framework proposed by Childress et al. includes five “justificatory conditions,” two of which are “necessity” and “least infringement.” While the framework points to important moral values, we argue it is redundant for it to list both necessity and least infringement because they are logically equivalent. However, it is ambiguous whether Childress et al. would endorse this view, or hold the two conditions distinct. This ambiguity has resulted in confusion in …Read more
  •  19
    A relational approach to saviour siblings?
    Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (12): 924-925. 2015.
  •  18
    Ethics, economics, and aids in Africa
    Developing World Bioethics 4 (1). 2004.
    AIDS in the Twenty‐First Century: Disease and Globalization, by Tony Barnett and Alan Whiteside. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2002. 416 pp. US$19.95 The Moral Economy of AIDS in South Africa, by Nicoli Nattrass. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2004. 222 pp. US$30.00
  •  18
    Smallpox revisited?
    American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1). 2003.
    This article reviews the history of smallpox and ethical issues that arise with its threat as a biological weapon. Smallpox killed more people than any infectious disease in history-and perhaps three times more people in the 20th Century than were killed by all the wars of that period. Following a WHO-sponsored global vaccination campaign, smallpox was officially declared eradicated in 1980. It has since been revealed that the Soviet Union, until its fall in the early 1990s, manufactured tens of…Read more
  •  17
    Universal norms and conflicting values
    Developing World Bioethics 5 (3): 267-273. 2005.
    ABSTRACTWhile UNESCO's Universal Draft Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights highlights appropriate ethical values, its principles are stated in absolute terms and conflict with one another. The Draft Declaration fails to sufficiently address the possibility of conflict between principles, and it provides no real guidance on how to strike a balance between them in cases where conflict occurs. The document's inadequate treatment of conflicting values is revealed by examination of cases where …Read more
  •  17
    Dual‐Use Research
    In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics, Wiley-blackwell. 2013.
  •  17
    Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics (CAPPE), Menzies Centre for Health Policy, The Australian National University, LPO Box 8260, ANU Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Tel.: +61 (0)2 6125 4355; Mobile: +61 (0)431 124 286; Fax: +61 (0)2 6125 6579; Email: michael.selgelid{at}anu.edu.au ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Thomas Pogge has proposed a supplement to the standard patent regime whereby innovating companies would be rewarded in proportion to the extent to which their innovations l…Read more
  •  17
    From the guest editors
    Developing World Bioethics 4 (1). 2004.
  •  17
    The Intensive Care Lifeboat: a survey of lay attitudes to rationing dilemmas in neonatal intensive care
    with C. Arora, J. Savulescu, H. Maslen, and D. Wilkinson
    BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1): 69. 2016.
    BackgroundResuscitation and treatment of critically ill newborn infants is associated with relatively high mortality, morbidity and cost. Guidelines relating to resuscitation have traditionally focused on the best interests of infants. There are, however, limited resources available in the neonatal intensive care unit, meaning that difficult decisions sometimes need to be made. This study explores the intuitions of lay people regarding resource allocation decisions in the NICU.MethodsThe study d…Read more
  •  16
    Burden of Proof in Bioethics
    with Julian J. Koplin
    Bioethics 29 (9): 597-603. 2015.
    A common strategy in bioethics is to posit a prima facie case in favour of one policy, and to then claim that the burden of proof falls on those with opposing views. If the burden of proof is not met, it is claimed, then the policy in question should be accepted. This article illustrates, and critically evaluates, examples of this strategy in debates about the sale of organs by living donors, human enhancement, and the precautionary principle. We highlight general problems with this style of arg…Read more
  •  16
    Central to the argument of ‘Biodefense and the Production of Knowledge: Rethinking the Problem’ are claims that the vast majority of ethical debate about biodefense research to date has focused on the dual use problem, and the focus of ethical discussion of dual-use research has been on the need to strike ‘a proper balance of only two dominant values: biosecurity and “open science”’ —the idea being that ‘under current conditions other values can and ought to be ignored because the stakes are so …Read more
  •  15
    Specifying the duty to treat
    with Yen-Chang Chen
    American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8). 2008.
    No abstract
  •  15
    Ethics and Infectious Disease (edited book)
    with Margaret Battin and Charles B. Smith
    Wiley. 2006.
    This seminal collection on the ethical issues associated with infectious disease is the first book to correct bioethics’ glaring neglect of this subject. Timely in view of public concern about SARS, AIDS, avian flu, bioterrorism and antibiotic resistance. Brings together new and classic papers by prominent figures. Tackles the ethical issues associated with issues such as quarantine, vaccination policy, pandemic planning, biodefense, wildlife disease and health care in developing countries.
  •  12
    Coronavirus Human Infection Challenge Studies: Assessing Potential Benefits and Risks
    with Euzebiusz Jamrozik and George S. Heriot
    Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 17 (4): 709-715. 2020.
    Human infection challenge studies have been proposed as a means to accelerate SARS-CoV2 vaccine development and thereby help to mitigate a prolonged global public health crisis. A key criterion for the ethical acceptability of SARS-CoV2 HCS is that potential benefits outweigh risks. Although the assessment of risks and benefits is meant to be a standard part of research ethics review, systematic comparisons are particularly important in the context of SARS-CoV2 HCS in light of the significant po…Read more
  •  12
    Ethics, health policy, and Zika: From emergency to global epidemic?
    with Euzebiusz Jamrozik
    Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5): 343-348. 2018.
    Zika virus was recognised in 2016 as an important vector-borne cause of congenital malformations and Guillain-Barré syndrome, during a major epidemic in Latin America, centred in Northeastern Brazil. The WHO and Pan American Health Organisation, with partner agencies, initiated a coordinated global response including public health intervention and urgent scientific research, as well as ethical analysis as a vital element of policy design. In this paper, we summarise the major ethical issues rais…Read more
  •  12
    Just liability and reciprocity reasons for treating wounded soldiers
    American Journal of Bioethics 8 (2). 2008.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  11
    Democratic Defense Spending in an Age of Bioterrorism
    American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4): 49-50. 2005.
    No abstract
  •  9
    Eugenic abortion, moral uncertainty, and social consequences
    Monash Bioethics Review 20 (2): 26-42. 2001.
    The proliferation of prenatal genetic testing likely to follow from advances in genetic science invites reconsideration of the moral status of abortion. In this article I examine arguments surrounding the moral status of the fetus. I conclude that secular philosophy should ultimately admit that the moral status of the fetus is uncertain, and that this uncertainty itself makes abortion morally problematic. While this does not imply that abortion is always morally wrong or that it should be legall…Read more
  •  9
    Is the non-identity problem relevant to public health and policy? An online survey
    with Keyur Doolabh, Lucius Caviola, Julian Savulescu, and Dominic Wilkinson
    BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1): 46. 2019.
    The non-identity problem arises when our actions in the present could change which people will exist in the future, for better or worse. Is it morally better to improve the lives of specific future people, as compared to changing which people exist for the better? Affecting the timing of fetuses being conceived is one case where present actions change the identity of future people. This is relevant to questions of public health policy, as exemplified in some responses to the Zika epidemic. There…Read more
  •  7
  •  7
    Should practice and policy be revised to allow for risk-proportional payment to human challenge study participants?
    with Euzebiusz Jamrozik
    Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (12): 835-836. 2020.
    Human infection challenge studies provide illuminating case studies for several ongoing debates in research ethics, including those related to research risks and payment of participants. Grimwade et al 1 add to previous public engagement, qualitative evidence and philosophical literature on these topics.1–8 The authors advocate revision of research payment policy and practice based on their main finding that members of the public endorse ex ante payment of participants proportional to research-r…Read more
  •  6
    Moral uncertainty and the moral status of early human life
    Monash Bioethics Review 30 (1): 52-57. 2012.