Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
  •  22
    Moral errors
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1): 17-18. 1994.
  •  5
    Causation, Prediction, and Search
    with Peter Spirtes and Richard Scheines
    British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 47 (1): 113-123. 1996.
  •  256
    3 Actual Causes and Thought Experiments
    with Frank Wimberly
    In J. K. Campbell, M. O'Rourke & H. S. Silverstein (eds.), Causation and Explanation, Mit Press. pp. 4--43. 2007.
  •  71
    Drawing substantive conclusions from linear causal models that perform acceptably on statistical tests is unreasonable if it is not known how alternatives fare on these same tests. We describe a computer program, TETRAD, that helps to search rapidly for plausible alternatives to a given causal structure. The program is based on principles from statistics, graph theory, philosophy of science, and artificial intelligence. We describe these principles, discuss how TETRAD employs them, and argue tha…Read more
  •  11
  •  28
    Researchers routinely face the problem of inferring causal relationships from large amounts of data, sometimes involving hundreds of variables. Often, it is the causal relationships between "latent" (unmeasured) variables that are of primary interest. The problem is how causal relationships between unmeasured variables can be inferred from measured data. For example, naval manpower researchers have been asked to infer the causal relations among psychological traits such as job satisfaction and j…Read more
  •  103
    Reverse Inference in Neuropsychology
    with Catherine Hanson
    British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (4): 1139-1153. 2016.
    Reverse inference in cognitive neuropsychology has been characterized as inference to ‘psychological processes’ from ‘patterns of activation’ revealed by functional magnetic resonance or other scanning techniques. Several arguments have been provided against the possibility. Focusing on Machery’s presentation, we attempt to clarify the issues, rebut the impossibility arguments, and propose and illustrate a strategy for reverse inference. 1 The Problem of Reverse Inference in Cognitive Neuropsych…Read more
  • Causation and Statistical Inference
    In Helen Beebee, Christopher Hitchcock & Peter Menzies (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Causation, Oxford University Press. 2009.
  •  44
    Theoretical Realism and Theoretical Equivalence
    PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970. 1970.
    Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of J STOR’s Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/about/tenns.htm1. J STOR’s Terms and Conditions of Use provides, in part, that unless you have obtained prior permission, you may not download an entire issue of a journal or multiple copies of articles, and you may use content in the JSTOR archive only for your personal, non—commercial use.
  •  40
    A general principle for good pedagogic strategy is this: other things equal, make the essential principles of the subject explicit rather than tacit. We think that this principle is routinely violated in conventional instruction in statistics. Even though most of the early history of probability theory has been driven by causal considerations, the terms “cause” and “causation” have practically disappeared from statistics textbooks. Statistics curricula guide students away from the concept of cau…Read more
  •  140
    Reasons as Causes in Bayesian Epistemology
    Journal of Philosophy 104 (9): 464-474. 2007.
    In everyday matters, as well as in law, we allow that someone’s reasons can be causes of her actions, and often are. That correct reasoning accords with Bayesian principles is now so widely held in philosophy, psychology, computer science and elsewhere that the contrary is beginning to seem obtuse, or at best quaint. And that rational agents should learn about the world from energies striking sensory inputs nerves in people—seems beyond question. Even rats seem to recognize the difference betwee…Read more
  •  13
    Fodor's holism
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1): 15-16. 1985.
  •  12
    Clark Glymour. Psychology as Physics
  • The first holistic revolution: alternative medicine in the nineteenth century
    with James C. Whorton and D. Stalker
    In Douglas Stalker & Clark Glymour (eds.), Examining Holistic Medicine, Prometheus Books. pp. 29--48. 1989.
  •  82
    Bootstraps and probabilities
    Journal of Philosophy 77 (11): 691-699. 1980.
    The Joumal 0f Philosophy, Vol. 77, No. 11, Seventy—Seventh Annual Meeting American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division (Nov., 1980), 691-699.
  •  22
    Causal maps and Bayes nets: A cognitive and computational account of theory-formation
    In Peter Carruthers, Stephen P. Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science, Cambridge University Press. pp. 117--132. 2002.
  •  199
    Reply to Humphreys and Freedman's review of causation, prediction, and search
    with Peter Spirtes and Richard Scheines
    British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (4): 555-568. 1997.
  •  77
    Clark Glymour, Richard Scheines, Peter Spirtes and Kevin Kelly. Discovering Causal Structure: Artifical Intelligence, Philosophy of Science and Statistical Modeling
  •  166
    Learning, prediction and causal Bayes nets
    Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (1): 43-48. 2003.
  •  11
    Constructing Bayesian Network Models of Gene Expression Networks from Microarray Data
    with Pater Spirtes, Richard Scheines, Stuart Kauffman, Valerio Aimale, and Frank Wimberly
    Through their transcript products genes regulate the rates at which an immense variety of transcripts and subsequent proteins occur. Understanding the mechanisms that determine which genes are expressed, and when they are expressed, is one of the keys to genetic manipulation for many purposes, including the development of new treatments for disease. Viewing each gene in a genome as a distinct variable that is either on or off, or more realistically as a continuous variable, the values of some of…Read more