•  9
    Non-completion and informed consent
    Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (2): 127-130. 2014.
    There is a good deal of biomedical research that does not produce scientifically useful data because it fails to recruit a sufficient number of subjects. This fact is typically not disclosed to prospective subjects. In general, the guidance about consent concerns the information required to make intelligent self-interested decisions and ignores some of the information required for intelligent altruistic decisions. Bioethics has worried about the ‘therapeutic misconception’, but has ignored the ‘…Read more
  •  73
    The Obligation to Participate in Biomedical Research
    Journal of the American Medical Association 302 (1): 67-72. 2009.
    The current prevailing view is that participation in biomedical research is above and beyond the call of duty. While some commentators have offered reasons against this, we propose a novel public goods argument for an obligation to participate in biomedical research. Biomedical knowledge is a public good, available to any individual even if that individual does not contribute to it. Participation in research is a critical way to support an important public good. Consequently, all have a duty to …Read more
  •  4
    Exploitation
    Mind 110 (439): 888-891. 1996.
  • Coercion
    Ethics 99 (3): 642-644. 1989.
  •  103
    The fair transaction model of informed consent: An alternative to autonomous authorization
    Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (3): 201-218. 2011.
    Prevailing ethical thinking about informed consent to clinical research is characterized by theoretical confidence and practical disquiet. On the one hand, bioethicists are confident that informed consent is a fundamental norm. And, for the most part, they are confident that what makes consent to research valid is that it constitutes an autonomous authorization by the research participant. On the other hand, bioethicists are uneasy about the quality of consent in practice. One major source of th…Read more
  •  40
  •  2
  •  46
    No Exceptionalism Needed to Treat Terrorists
    with Chiara Lepora and Marion Danis
    American Journal of Bioethics 9 (10): 53-54. 2009.
    Gesundheit and colleagues offer dramatic examples of the medical treatment of terrorists but then pose the suggestion that those who engage in terrorism forfeit their right to medical care, and, consequently, that physicians have no obligation to treat them. Their argument presupposes that a physician’s obligation to provide medical care depends on the patients’ right to health care. Therefore, someone who commits heinous and abhorrent acts thereby waives the right to health care and the phy…Read more
  •  5
    Thirteen. Coercive proposals: II
    In Coercion, Princeton University Press. pp. 222-241. 1990.
  •  2
    Contents
    In Coercion, Princeton University Press. 1990.
  •  13
    Sixteen. Coercion and voluntariness
    In Coercion, Princeton University Press. pp. 287-306. 1990.
  • Books in Review
    Political Theory 18 (1): 180-184. 1990.
  •  2
    Preface
    In Coercion, Princeton University Press. 1990.
  •  36
    Voluntary Consent: Why a Value-Neutral Concept Won't Work
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (3): 226-254. 2012.
    Some maintain that voluntariness is a value-neutral concept. On that view, someone acts involuntarily if subject to a controlling influence or has no acceptable alternatives. I argue that a value-neutral conception of voluntariness cannot explain when and why consent is invalid and that we need a moralized account of voluntariness. On that view, most concerns about the voluntariness of consent to participate in research are not well founded
  •  30
    Reevaluating the Right to Withdraw From Research Without Penalty
    American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4): 14-16. 2011.
    No abstract
  •  9
    Fifteen. From coercive proposals to coercion
    In Coercion, Princeton University Press. pp. 267-286. 1990.
  •  34
    Exploitation
    Philosophical Review 107 (2): 296. 1998.
    Despite its title, Alan Wertheimer’s new book is not another tiresome exploration of Marxist economic theories. Indeed, there is virtually no extended discussion of Marxism at all, since Wertheimer believes that what is unique to that perspective is highly problematic, given that when Marxists simply assert that capitalists do exploit wage laborers they are appealing to “the ordinary notion that one party exploits another when it gets unfair and undeserved benefits from its transactions or relat…Read more
  •  38
    Deterrence and retribution
    Ethics 86 (3): 181-199. 1976.
  •  46
    There are no coercive offers
    with F. G. Miller
    Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9): 592-593. 2014.
    John McMillan's article raises numerous important points about the ethics of surgical castration of sex offenders.1 In this commentary, we focus solely on and argue against the claim that the offer of release from detention conditional upon surgical castration is a coercive offer that compromises the validity of the offender's consent. We take no view on the question as to whether castration for sex offenders is ethically permissible. But, we reject the claim that it is ethically permissible onl…Read more
  •  1
    Books in Review
    Political Theory 10 (1): 137-140. 1982.
  •  25
    Introduction -- Facing up to paternalism in research ethics -- Preface to a theory of consent transactions in research : beyond valid consent -- Should we worry about money? -- Exploitation in clinical research -- The interaction principle.
  • Acknowledgments
    In Coercion, Princeton University Press. 1990.
  •  6
    Nine. Coercion and the law: Conclusion
    In Coercion, Princeton University Press. pp. 170-176. 1990.
  •  2
    Index
    In Coercion, Princeton University Press. pp. 311-319. 1990.