•  67
    Spinoza and the Dutch Cartesians on Philosophy and Theology
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (4): 567-588. 2013.
    In This Paper I Aim to Place Spinoza’s famous injunction in the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus, to separate philosophy from theology, in its historical context. I contend that in order to properly understand Spinoza’s views concerning the relationship between philosophy and theology, we must view his work in the context of philosophical discussions taking place during his time and in his country of residence, the Dutch Republic. Of particular relevance is a meta-philosophical thesis advocated by…Read more
  •  62
    Was Spinoza a Naturalist?
    Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (1): 77-99. 2015.
    In this article I dispute the claim, made by several contemporary scholars, that Spinoza was a naturalist. ‘Naturalism’ here refers to two distinct but related positions in contemporary philosophy. The first, ontological naturalism, is the view that everything that exists possesses a certain character permitting it to be defined as natural and prohibiting it from being defined as supernatural. I argue that the only definition of ontological naturalism that could be legitimately applied to Spinoz…Read more
  •  51
    Spinoza's ethics : A reader's guide
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (3). 2009.
  •  37
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 20, Issue 1, Page 208-211, January 2012
  •  34
    Quatenus and Spinoza’s Monism
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 56 (2): 261-280. 2018.
    spinoza holds that god is the only substance and that ordinary things are modes of that substance. Precisely what this entails as a metaphysical thesis is a matter of contention, but it has been criticized on logical grounds. Briefly, the criticism is as follows. Assuming that only a substance can be a proper subject of predication, it follows from Spinoza’s thesis that all predications correctly made of ordinary things must be properly made of God.1 This leads to contradiction. As some read him…Read more
  •  30
    Christoph Wittich's Anti-Spinoza
    Intellectual History Review 24 (2): 1-14. 2014.
  •  29
    Descartes's critique of the syllogistic
    History of Philosophy Quarterly 34 (4). 2017.
    This article presents a novel reading of Descartes’s critique of the traditional syllogistic. The reading differs from those previously presented by scholars who regard Descartes’s critique as a version of a well-known argument: that syllogisms are circular or non-ampliative and thus trivial. It is argued that Descartes did not see syllogisms as defective in themselves. For him the problem was rather that anyone considering a valid and informative syllogism must already know, by an intuition who…Read more
  •  28
    Spinoza on Reason, by Michael LeBuffe
    Mind 127 (507): 929-937. 2018.
    Spinoza on Reason, by LeBuffeMichael. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017. Pp xi + 217.
  •  23
    Collingwoods Reading of Spinozas Psychology
    Collingwood and British Idealism Studies 18 (1): 65-80. 2012.
    Near the end of his Ethics, Spinoza develops a theory that '[a]n affect which is a passion ceases to be a passion as soon as we form a clear and distinct idea of it.' Recent commentators have found this theory to be radically implausible in light of some of Spinoza's other metaphysical and epistemological commitments. I defend Spinoza on this point. Having done so, I examine R.G. Collingwood's reading of the theory, presented in The Principles of Art. Collingwood's reading proposes that passions…Read more
  •  16
    The philosophy of debt
    The Philosophers' Magazine 72 43-44. 2016.
  •  14
    Susan Stebbing’s Logical Interventionism
    History and Philosophy of Logic 42 (2): 101-117. 2021.
    We examine a contribution L. Susan Stebbing made to the understanding of critical thinking and its relation to formal logic. Stebbing took expertise in formal logic to authorise logical intervention in public debate, specifically in assessing of the validity of everyday reasoning. She held, however, that formal logic is purely the study of logical form. Given the problems of ascertaining logical form in any particular instance, and that logical form does not always track informal validity, it is…Read more
  •  14
    Spinoza, money, and desire
    European Journal of Philosophy 26 (4): 1209-1221. 2018.
  •  9
    The Collected Works of Spinoza, Vol. 2 (review)
    The Leibniz Review 26 199-206. 2016.
  •  7
    Work Cut Out For Us
    The Philosophers' Magazine 90 44-49. 2020.
  •  6
    Public Economics
    The Philosophers' Magazine 76 47-52. 2017.
  •  5
    How to Make the Passions Active: Spinoza and R.G. Collingwood
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 85 237-249. 2019.
    Most early modern philosophers held that our emotions are always passions: to experience an emotion is to undergo something rather than to do something. Spinoza is different; he holds that our emotions – what he calls our ‘affects’ – can be actions rather than passions. Moreover, we can convert a passive affect into an active one simply by forming a clear and distinct idea of it. This theory is difficult to understand. I defend the interpretation R.G. Collingwood gives of it in his book, The Pri…Read more
  •  4
    Alexander X. Douglas situates Spinoza's philosophy in its immediate historical context, and argues that much of his work was conceived with the aim of rebutting the claims of his contemporaries. In contrast to them, Spinoza argued that philosophy reveals the true nature of God, and reinterpreted the concept of God in profound and radical ways.
  • The Philosophy of Debt
    Routledge. 2015.
    I owe you a dinner invitation, you owe ten years on your mortgage, and the government owes billions. We speak confidently about these cases of debt, but is that concept clear in its meaning? This book aims to clarify the concept of debt so we can find better answers to important moral and political questions. This book seeks to accomplish two things. The first is to clarify the concept of debt by examining how the word is used in language. The second is to develop a general, principled account o…Read more