•  51
    Critical Realism and Empirical Bioethics: A Methodological Exposition
    Health Care Analysis 25 (3): 191-211. 2017.
    This paper shows how critical realism can be used to integrate empirical data and philosophical analysis within ‘empirical bioethics’. The term empirical bioethics, whilst appearing oxymoronic, simply refers to an interdisciplinary approach to the resolution of practical ethical issues within the biological and life sciences, integrating social scientific, empirical data with philosophical analysis. It seeks to achieve a balanced form of ethical deliberation that is both logically rigorous and s…Read more
  •  37
    Just Policy? An Ethical Analysis of Early Intervention Policy Guidance
    with Rose Mortimer and Ilina Singh
    American Journal of Bioethics 18 (11): 43-53. 2018.
    Early intervention aims to identify children or families at risk of poor health, and take preventative measures at an early stage, when intervention is more likely to succeed. EI is concerned with the just distribution of “life chances,” so that all children are given fair opportunity to realize their potential and lead a good life; EI policy design, therefore, invokes ethical questions about the balance of responsibilities between the state, society, and individuals in addressing inequalities. …Read more
  •  36
    Ethical Issues in Consent for the Reuse of Data in Health Data Platforms
    with Miranda Mourby, Paul Harrison, Sophie Walker, Mark Sheehan, and Ilina Singh
    Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (1): 1-21. 2021.
    Data platforms represent a new paradigm for carrying out health research. In the platform model, datasets are pooled for remote access and analysis, so novel insights for developing better stratified and/or personalised medicine approaches can be derived from their integration. If the integration of diverse datasets enables development of more accurate risk indicators, prognostic factors, or better treatments and interventions, this obviates the need for the sharing and reuse of data; and a plat…Read more
  •  30
    Ethics of Early Intervention in Alzheimer’s Disease
    with Gin S. Malhi and Ilina Singh
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 1-18. forthcoming.
  •  29
    Ethical challenges of integration across primary and secondary care: a qualitative and normative analysis
    with Charlotte Cliffe, Arun Arora, and Ann Griffin
    BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1): 1-13. 2019.
    This paper explores ethical concerns arising in healthcare integration. We argue that integration is necessary imperative for meeting contemporary and future healthcare challenges, a far stronger evidence base for the conditions of its effectiveness is required. In particular, given the increasing emphasis at the policy level for the entire healthcare infrastructure to become better integrated, our analysis of the ethical challenges that follow from the logic of integration itself is timely and …Read more
  •  24
    On the (Non-)Rationality of Human Enhancement and Transhumanism
    with David M. Lyreskog
    Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (6): 1-18. 2022.
    The human enhancement debate has over the last few decades been concerned with ethical issues in methods for improving the physical, cognitive, or emotive states of individual people, and of the human species as a whole. Arguments in favour of enhancement defend it as a paradigm of rationality, presenting it as a clear-eyed, logical defence of what we stand to gain from transcending the typical limits of our species. If these arguments are correct, it appears that adults should in principle be a…Read more
  •  17
    Does a Mind Need a Body?
    with David R. Lawrence
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 30 (4): 563-574. 2021.
  •  14
    Cerebral Organoid Research Ethics and Pinning the Tail on the Donkey
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 32 (4): 542-554. 2023.
    The risk of creating cerebral organoids/assembloids conscious enough to suffer is a recurrent concern in organoid research ethics. On one hand, we should, apparently, avoid discovering how to distinguish between organoids that it would be permissible (non-conscious) and impermissible (conscious) to use in research, since if successful we would create organoids that suffer. On the other, if we do not, the risk persists that research might inadvertently continue to cause organoids to suffer. Moreo…Read more