•  3
    Is the later Wittgenstein Falling into the Abyss of Relativism? an assessment through the lens of critical rationalism
    with Abdolhamid Mohammadi
    Philosophical Investigations 16 (40): 208-224. 2022.
    The later Wittgenstein presents all kinds of knowledge in the form of language games based on forms of life. One of the implications of his later views is that certain language games and forms of life are incommensurable. Since each person can know the world only through his/her own form of life and language game, those who subscribe to entirely different language games cannot have a proper understanding of the forms of life of others. They are not able to critique and evaluate their knowledge o…Read more
  • Islamic philosophy: past, present, and future
    In Anthony O'Hear (ed.), Philosophical Traditions, Cambridge University Press. 2014.
  • In this study, we shall assess the claim concerning the negative effect of sin and positive effect of grace on proper function of reason and cognitive faculties through the lens of the Calvinist tradition and the Reformed Epistemology. Although the noetic effect of sin has already been discussed probably by tracing the role of the non-epistemic factors in acquiring knowledge in general, approaching the issue by focusing on ‘scientific knowledge’ is novel and, to the best of my knowledge, has not…Read more
  •  49
    Technology: Rationality and Criticizability vs Justificationism
    with Alireza Mansouri and Sedigheh Ghayoumi
    Persian Journal on Strategy for Culture 14 (54): 43-72. 2021.
    Any adequate philosophy of technology needs to take a clear stance with regard to the limits of criticizability. While observing the canons of criticizability may appear to be simple, many philosophical approaches (whether towards technology or other topics) abandon comprehensive criticizability by adopting some forms of justificationist or essentialist epistemology. This paper aims to show that criticizability can only be upheld by subscribing to a non-justificationist epistemology and by ackno…Read more
  •  30
    Philosophical Relationship of Humanities and Technology
    Persian Journal for the Methodology of Social Sciences and Humanities 25 (99): 19-23. 2019.
    The purpose of this paper is to shed some light on the Philosophical relationship between humanities and technology. It will be explained that most disciplines in humanities are Janus-faced: they are part science/knowledge and part technology. The thesis of the paper is that the relationship between the technological aspect of humanities and other technologies is positive and synergetic, while the relationship between their scientific aspect and technologies is almost entirely critical and negat…Read more
  •  10
    Assessing the Epistemological Status of Certainty in Wittgenstein through the Lens of Critical Rationalism
    with Abdolhamid Mohammadi
    Philosophical Investigations 16 (38): 670-705. 2022.
    "Certainty" occupies an important place in Wittgenstein’s epistemology: it does not belong to the category of knowledge but constitutes its foundation. In his view, knowledge boils down to language games, and language games are based on indubitable certainties. According to Wittgenstein, scepticism is meaningless, and if there is no certainty, then even doubt would be meaningless. Wittgesntein maintains that [relative] doubt and knowledge are epistemic categories, whereas absolute doubt and cert…Read more
  •  5
    Introduction -- What and how can we learn from the Quran: a critical rationalist perspective -- A critical rationalist approach to religion -- A critical assessment of the programmes of producing "Islamic science" and "Islamisation of science/knowledge" -- Faqih as engineer: a critical assessment of fiqh's epistemological status -- A critical assessment of the method of interpretation of the Quran by the Quran, in the light of Allameh Tabatabaei's Tafsir al-mizan -- The disenchantment of reason:…Read more
  •  63
    Nihilism and Information Technology
    Persian Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 21 (4): 29-54. 2020.
    Søren Kierkegaard, in his essay "The Present Age," takes a hostile stance towards the press. This is because he maintains that the press prepares the ground for the emergence of nihilism. Hubert Dreyfus extends this idea to other information technologies, especially the Internet. Since Kierkegaard-Dreyfus’ attitude towards various forms of information technology originates from philosophical anthropology and a particular conception of the meaning of life, assessing the viability of the attitude …Read more
  •  9
    Muslim Philosophies: A Critical Overview
    Synthesis Philosophica 31 (2): 279-294. 2017.
  •  56
    Philosophers against “truth”: The cases of Harreacute and Laudan
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 9 (3): 255-284. 1995.
    The criticisms levelled at the notion of truth by an anti-realist and an entity-realist are critically examined. The upshot of the discussion will be that whilst neither of the two anti-truth philosophers have succeeded in establishing their cases against truth, for entity-realists to reject the notion of truth is to throw out the baby with the bath water: entity-realism without the notion of correspondence truth will degenerate into anti-realism.
  • The Reception of Kant and his Philosophy in Iran
    with Malakeh Shahi
    Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies 3 25-40. 2010.
  •  21
  • Resistance: The Essence of the Islamic Revolution by Alastair Crooke, 2009 (review)
    Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies 4 341-344. 2011.
  •  23
    A Critical Assessment of the Programmes of Producing ‘Islamic Science’ and ‘Islamisation of Science/Knowledge’
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (3): 311-335. 2015.
    In the present article, working from within the framework of critical rationalism and focusing mostly on the views developed by some Iranian writers, I argue that the programmes of producing ‘Islamic Science’ and ‘Islamisation of Science/Knowledge’ are doomed to failure. I develop my arguments in three parts. I start by explaining that the advocates of the programmes of producing cIS or IoK subscribe to mistaken images of science that are shaped by either a positivist or outmoded culturalist/int…Read more
  •  18
    Islam, Modernity, and the Human Sciences. By Ali Zaidi (review)
    Journal of Islamic Studies 23 (3): 403-406. 2012.
  • Science and Islam: A History by Ehsan Masood, 2009 (review)
    Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies 4 231-233. 2011.
  • Für Ali Paya verspricht die Zivilgesellschaft im Kontext muslimischer Gesellschaften an sich schon die Aussicht auf Distanzierung und Relativierung fundamentalistischer religiöser Standpunkte. Der Beitrag, der durch eine solche inner-islamische Wende weltweit geleistet werden könnte, liegt auf der Hand: muslimische Zivilgesellschaften könnten, wenn sie entstehen, genau in jenem Gespräch mit anderen Gesellschaften, auch säkularen, in der Lage sein, den Boden für eine volle und konstruktive Partiz…Read more
  •  40
    Islamic Philosophy: Past, Present and Future
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 74 265-321. 2014.
    The aim of this paper is to critically assess the present state of Islamic philosophy in its main home, namely, Iran. However, since such a study requires some knowledge of the past developments of philosophical thought among Muslims, the paper briefly, though critically, deals with the emergence and subsequent phases of change in the views of Muslim philosophers from ninth century onward. In this historical survey I also touch upon the role played by other Muslim scholars such as theologians, m…Read more
  •  51
    The Philosopher and the Revolutionary State: How Karl Popper’s Ideas Shaped the Views of Iranian Intellectuals
    with Mohammad Amin Ghaneirad
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (2). 2006.
    The present paper is an attempt to explore the impact of Karl Popper's ideas on the views of a number of intellectual groups in post-revolutionary Iran. Throughout the text, we have tried to make use of original sources and our own personal experiences. The upshot of the arguments of the paper is that the Viennese philosopher has made a long-lasting impression on the intellectual scene of present-day Iran in that even those socio-political groups which are not in favour of his ideas, especially …Read more
  •  20
    Dialogue” In a “Real World
    International Journal of Applied Philosophy 16 (2): 201-222. 2002.
    Can dialogue make real impact on the state of affairs in the real world, or is it a pastime of the polite societies or a lullaby useful for sending gullible grown-ups into “sleep”? In the present paper, following a two-tier analysis of the notion of dialogue, as “shared exploration towards greater understanding, connection, or possibility,” and as a product of our “collective intentionality,” I shall develop a bifurcated argument. Against the cynic pundits, who preach that realpolitik and not di…Read more