•  65
    Health Promotion: Conceptual and Ethical Issues
    with K. Grill
    Public Health Ethics 5 (2): 101-103. 2012.
    There is a large literature exploring the concept of ‘health promotion’. However, the meaning of the term remains unclear and contested. This is for at least two reasons. First, any definition of ‘health promotion’ is going to have to outline and defend an account of the notoriously controversial concept of ‘health’, and then suggest how (and why) we should promote it. Second, health promotion clearly has some overlap with ‘public health’, but it is far from clear how they are related. Is health…Read more
  •  50
    Both the recent 'Warner' review of the UK research ethics committee (REC) system and the subsequent consultation document produced by the Central Office for Research Ethics Committees (COREC) emphasize the need to distinguish 'research' from what might be termed 'non-research'. This is to be determined through a process of filtering or 'triage', the intention being that RECs will avoid considering proposals with 'no material ethical issues'. In this paper we argue that trying to distinguish 'tru…Read more
  •  18
    In defence of moral imperialism: four equal and universal prima facie principles
    Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (4): 200-204. 2006.
    Raanan Gillon is a noted defender of the four principles approach to healthcare ethics. His general position has always been that these principles are to be considered to be both universal and prima facie in nature. In recent work, however, he has made two claims that seem to present difficulties for this view. His first claim is that one of these four principles, respect for autonomy, has a special position in relation to the others: he holds that it is first among equals. We argue that this cl…Read more
  •  16
    The Report of the Ad Hoc Adivisory Group on the Operation of NHS Research Ethics Committees has resulted in a strange mixture of the timid, the revolutionary, and the bizarre.The Report of the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on the Operation of NHS Research Ethics Committees is a curious document.1 The remit of the review was focused on the workings and effectiveness of NHS research ethics committees and the multicentre committees ). The Group was primarily set up in response to a series of complaints fro…Read more
  •  13
    People can imagine their future selves without taking future-focused action. Identity-based motivation theory explains why. Hoerl & McCormack outline how. Present-focused action prevails because future “me” feels irrelevant to the choices facing current “me” unless future “me” is experienced as occurring now or as linked to current “me” via if-then simulations. This entails reasoning in time and about time.
  •  13
    The obligations of organisations associated with policy formation and implementation of international mass public health programmes are explored. Lines of responsibility are considered to become unclear because of the large number of agencies associated with such programmes. A separation of the relevant obligations among the bodies responsible for the formulation and those responsible for the implementation of the policies is suggested. The continuing oral polio vaccine campaign against poliomye…Read more
  •  11
    Curing Psychopathy: Just Activate the Amygdala?
    with Rebecca A. Segrave and Adrian Carter
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (3): 164-166. 2016.
  •  8
    Contesting the science/ethics distinction in the review of clinical research
    with S. M. Yentis
    Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (3): 165-167. 2007.
    Recent policy in relation to clinical research proposals in the UK has distinguished between two types of review: scientific and ethical. This distinction has been formally enshrined in the recent changes to research ethics committee structure and operating procedures, introduced as the UK response to the EU Directive on clinical trials. Recent reviews and recommendations have confirmed the place of the distinction and the separate review processes. However, serious reservations can be mounted a…Read more
  •  6
    Persée est un programme de publication électronique de revues scientifiques en sciences humaines et sociales. L'intégralité des collections imprimées de revues est numérisée et mise en ligne sur un portail qui offre un accès à l'ensemble de ces collections et des possibilités avancées d'exploitation de ces corpus numérisés. Les revues font l'objet d'une sélection pour garantir la cohérence de l'offre éditoriale et scientifique du portail. / Persée is a program which was created for the digital p…Read more
  •  3
    What is the role of the research ethics committee?: Paternalism, inducements, and harm in research ethics
    with E. Garrard
    Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (7): 419-423. 2005.
    In a recent paper Edwards, Kirchin, and Huxtable have argued that research ethics committees are often wrongfully paternalistic in their approach to medical research. They argue that it should be left to competent potential research subjects to make judgments about the acceptability of harms and benefits relating to research, and that this is not a legitimate role for any REC. They allow an exception to their overall antipaternalism, however, in that they think RECs should have the power to proh…Read more