•  412
  •  201
    How to explain oppression: Criteria of adequacy for normative explanatory theories
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (1): 20-49. 2005.
    This article discusses explanatory theories of normative concepts and argues for a set of criteria of adequacy by which such theories may be evaluated. The criteria offered fall into four categories: ontological, theoretical, pragmatic, and moral. After defending the criteria and discussing their relative weighting, this article uses them to prune the set of available explanatory theories of oppression. Functionalist theories, including Hegelian recognition theory and Foucauldian social theory, …Read more
  •  154
    Analyzing Oppression
    Oup Usa. 2006.
    Analyzing Oppression asks: why is oppression often sustained over many generations? The book explains how oppression coercively co-opts the oppressed to join their own oppression and argues that all persons have a moral responsibility to resist it. It finally explores the possibility of freedom in a world actively opposing oppression.
  •  145
    Oppression by choice
    Journal of Social Philosophy 25 (s1): 22-44. 1994.
    Property in money, means of subsistence, machines, and other means of production, does not as yet stamp a man as a capitalist if there be wanting the correlative — the wage-worker, the other man who is compelled to sell himself of his own free-will
  •  119
    Analytic Feminism: A Brief Introduction
    Hypatia 10 (3): 1-6. 1995.
    This essay introduces the subject of this special issue by offering a characterization of analytic feminism in terms of its context, methods, and problem areas. I argue that analytic feminism is a legitimate subfield both of feminism and of analytic philosophy. I then summarize the problems addressed by the essays of this issue
  •  117
    I argue that science will be better, by its own criteria, if it pursues multiculturalism, by which I mean an ethnic- and gender-diverse set of scientists. I argue that minority and women scientists will be more likely to recognize false, prejudiced assumptions about race and gender that infect theories. And the kinds of changes that society will undergo in pursuing multiculturalism will help reveal these faulty assumptions to scientists of all races and genders
  •  98
    Although it may seem from its formalism that game theory must have sprung from the mind of John von Neumann as a corollary of his work on computers or theoretical physics, it should come as no real surprise to philosophers that game theory is the articulation of a historically developing philosophical conception of rationality in thought and action. The history of ideas about rationality is deeply contradictory at many turns. While there are theories of rationality that claim it is fundamentally…Read more
  •  70
    Missionary positions
    Hypatia 20 (4): 164-182. 2000.
    : Postcolonial feminist scholars have described some Western feminist activism as imperialistic, drawing a comparison to the work of Christian missionaries from the West, who aided in the project of colonization and assimilation of non-Western cultures to Western ideas and practices. This comparison challenges feminists who advocate global human rights ideals or objective appraisals of social practices, in effect charging them with neocolonialism. This essay defends work on behalf of universal h…Read more
  •  69
    Revolution vs. Devolution in Kansas
    Teaching Philosophy 30 (2): 173-183. 2007.
  •  66
    Indefinitely repeated games: A response to Carroll
    with Neal C. Becker
    Theory and Decision 28 (2): 189-195. 1990.
  •  49
    Conventional Foundationalism and the Origins of the Norms
    Southern Journal of Philosophy 28 (4): 485-504. 1990.
  •  46
    Thinking about Sexual Harassment: A Guide for the Perplexed
    Philosophical Review 112 (1): 121-123. 2003.
    Margaret Crouch offers a balanced, comprehensive introduction to the philosophical, legal, and empirical issues surrounding the vexed topic of sexual harassment. The book is divided into two parts. The first discusses the competing conceptual schemes under which sexual harassment has been defined, the history of case law surrounding sexual harassment claims, and empirical measures of the extent and common beliefs about sexual harassment. The second part of the book treats philosophical and legal…Read more
  •  45
    Is Capitalism Good for Women?
    Journal of Business Ethics (4): 761-770. 2014.
    This paper investigates an aspect of the question of whether capitalism can be defended as a morally legitimate economic system by asking whether capitalism serves progressive, feminist ends of freedom and gender equality. I argue that although capitalism is subject to critique for increasing economic inequality, it can be seen to decrease gender inequality, particularly in traditional societies. Capitalism brings technological and social innovations that are good for women, and disrupts traditi…Read more
  •  37
    This paper presents Sen's theory of agency, focusing on the role of commitment in this theory as both problematic and potentially illuminating. His account of some commitments as goal-displacing gives rise to a dilemma given the standard philosophical theory of agency.Eithercommitment-motivated actions are externally motivated, in which case they are not expressions of agency,orsuch actions are internally motivated, in which case the commitment is not goal-displacing. I resolve this dilemma and …Read more
  •  36
    In international law, ‘humanitarian intervention’ refers to the use of military force by one nation or group of nations to stop genocide or other gross human rights violations in another sovereign nation. If humanitarian intervention is conceived as military in nature, it makes sense that only the most horrible, massive, and violent violations of human rights can justify intervention. Yet, that leaves many serious evils beyond the scope of legal intervention. In particular, violations of women's…Read more
  •  36
    Is Pareto Optimality a Criterion of Justice?
    Social Theory and Practice 22 (1): 1-34. 1996.
  •  32
    Wanting Freedom
    Journal of Social Philosophy 43 (4): 367-385. 2012.
  •  31
    Editors' Farewell Introduction
    with Alison Wylie, Linda Martín Alcoff, and Sharyn Clough
    Hypatia 28 (4): 695-697. 2013.
  •  31
    Capitalism, for and Against: A Feminist Debate
    Cambridge University Press. 2010.
    Political philosophy and feminist theory have rarely examined in detail how capitalism affects the lives of women. Ann Cudd and Nancy Holmstrom take up opposing sides of the issue, debating whether capitalism is valuable as an ideal and whether as an actually existing economic system it is good for women. In a discussion covering a broad range of social and economic issues, including unequal pay, industrial reforms and sweatshops, they examine how these and other issues relate to women and how e…Read more
  •  22
    Feminist Morality: Transforming Culture, Society, and Politics
    Philosophical Review 104 (4): 611-613. 1995.
    Virginia Held argues that feminism has a distinct contribution to make to morality, one that will transform theory and society by beginning from the experiences of women and children. Her main thesis is that the mother-child relation should be taken as the primary moral relation and the model, at least initially, for all other relations in society. She spends the first four of the ten chapters of this book arguing for the distinctness of feminist moral theory; then chapters 5-7, chapter 10, and …Read more