University of California, Los Angeles
College of Letters and Science
PhD, 2011
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
  •  2776
    What is it to be a woman? What is it to be a man? We start by laying out desiderata for an analysis of 'woman' and 'man': descriptively, it should link these gender categories to sex biology without reducing them to sex biology, and politically, it should help us explain and combat traditional sexism while also allowing us to make sense of the activist view that gendering should be consensual. Using a Putnam-style 'Twin Earth' example, we argue that none of the existing analyses in the feminist…Read more
  •  1160
    This paper presents a new taxonomy of sex/gender concepts based on the idea of starting with a few basic components of the sex/gender system, and exhausting the possible types of simple associations and identities based on these. The resulting system is significantly more fine-grained than most competitors, and helps to clarify a number of points of confusion and conceptual tension in academic and activist conversations about feminism, transgender politics, and the social analysis of gender.
  •  137
    Knowing‐'wh', Mention‐Some Readings, and Non‐Reducibility
    Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (2): 166-177. 2013.
    This article presents a new criticisms of reductive approaches to knowledge-‘wh’ (i.e., those approaches on which whether one stands in the knowledge-‘wh’ relation to a question is determined by whether one stands in the knowledge-‘that’ relation to some answer(s) to the question). It argues in particular that the truth of a knowledge-‘wh’ attribution like ‘Janna knows where she can buy an Italian newspaper’ depends not only on what Janna knows about the availability of Italian newspapers, but o…Read more
  •  37
    Knowledge wh and False Beliefs: Experimental Investigations
    Journal of Semantics 35 (3): 467-494. 2018.
    A common approach to knowledge wh is to try to reduce it to knowledge that, and in particular to answer-knowledge. On this view, the truth-conditions of a knowledge wh ascription can be given entirely in terms of which answers to the embedded question the subject knows. Against this background, this paper considers the phenomenon of false-belief sensitivity --- a challenge to this common approach to knowledge wh that has recently received a fair amount of attention in the question embedding lite…Read more
  •  34
    Puberty-Blocking Treatment and the Rights of Bad Candidates
    American Journal of Bioethics 19 (2): 80-82. 2019.
  •  28
    The notions of finite and infinite second-order characterizability of cardinal and ordinal numbers are developed. Several known results for the case of finite characterizability are extended to infinite characterizability, and investigations of the second-order theory of ordinals lead to some observations about the Fraenkel-Carnap question for well-orders and about the relationship between ordinal characterizability and ordinal arithmetic. The broader significance of cardinal characterizability …Read more
  •  26
    Which judgments show weak exhaustivity? (And which don't?)
    Natural Language Semantics 21 (4): 401-427. 2013.
    This paper considers two of the most prominent kinds of evidence that have been used to argue that certain embedded questions receive weakly exhaustive interpretations. The first kind is exemplified by judgments of consistency for declarative sentences that attribute knowledge of a wh-question and ignorance of the negation of that question to the same person, and the second concerns asymmetries between the role of positive and negative information in validating question-embedding surprise ascrip…Read more
  •  25
    Can we Agree About agree?
    Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (1): 243-264. 2016.
    This squib attempts to constrain semantic theories of agree wh constructions by broadening the data set and collecting naive speakers’ intuitions. Overall, our data suggest relatively permissive truth-conditions for these constructions. They also suggest a previously undiscussed presupposition for agree wh and also indicate that agree wh is not straightforwardly reducible to agree that. Although some accounts suggest differences in truth conditions among different asymmetrical agree with constru…Read more
  •  21
    Some remarks on certain trivalent accounts of presupposition projection
    Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 24 (1-2): 86-117. 2014.
    This paper discusses some formal properties of trivalent approaches to presupposition projection, and in particular of the middle Kleene system of Peters (1977) and Krahmer (1998). After exploring the relationship between trivalent truth-functional accounts and dynamic accounts in the tradition of Heim (1983), I show how the middle Kleene trivalent account can be formulated in a way which shows that it meets the explanatory challenge of Schlenker (2006, 2008a,b), and provide some results relatin…Read more
  •  19
    The Fraenkel-Carnap Question for Limited Higher-Order Languages
    with George Weaver and B. George
    Bulletin of the Section of Logic 39 (1/2): 1-9. 2010.
  •  8
    Question Embedding and the Semantics of Answers
    Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles. 2011.
  •  2
    Awareness of Effective Interventions for Autism among Practicing Pediatricians in the UAE
    with Michelle Kelly, Nipa Bhuptani, and Shaljan Areepattamannil
    Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13. 2019.