•  81
    Panentheism, Transhumanism, and the Problem of Evil - From Metaphysics to Ethics
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (2): 65-89. 2019.
    There is a close systematic relationship between panentheism, as a metaphysical theory about the relation between God and the world, and transhumanism, the ethical demand to use the means of the applied sciences to enhance both human nature and the environment. This relationship between panentheism and transhumanism provides a ‘cosmic’ solution to the problem of evil: on panentheistic premises, the history of the world is the one infinite life of God, and we are part of the one infinite divine b…Read more
  • Gottes Handeln in der Welt (edited book)
    with Ruben Schneider
  •  10
    A Reply to Lataster and Bilimoria’s “Panentheism: What It Is and Is Not”
    Journal of World Philosophies 4 (1): 201-203. 2019.
    I summarize and critically respond to Raphael Lataster and Purushottama Bilimoria’s paper on panentheism. I show that their suggested concept of panentheism is useless for academic discourse because it refers to contradictory positions.
  •  4
    The Existence of Evil in Christian and Naturalistic Worldviews
    Synthesis Philosophica 32 (1): 5-20. 2017.
  •  3
    A Scientific Theology? A Programmatic Account of the Problems and Prospects for Confessional and Scientific Theology
    TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology 1 (1): 53-77. 2017.
  • Designobjekt Mensch (edited book)
    with Frank Meier-Hamidi
    Herder. 2018.
  •  11
    Holm Tetens on Panentheism: The Concept of Panentheism, Sin, and Special Divine Action
    Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 59 (4): 482-494. 2017.
    SummaryWe briefly clarify Tetens’s concept of God and argue that there are some problems regarding both the precise formulation of his panentheism as well as its implications for sin and special divine action.
  •  24
    Christian Cyborgs
    Faith and Philosophy 34 (3): 347-364. 2017.
    Should or shouldn’t Christians endorse the transhumanist agenda of changing human nature in ways fitting to one’s needs? To answer this question, we first have to be clear on what precisely the thesis of transhumanism entails that we are going to evaluate. Once this point is clarified, I argue that Christians can in principle fully endorse the transhumanist agenda because there is nothing in Christian faith that is in contradiction to it. In fact, given certain plausible moral assumptions, Chris…Read more
  •  142
    After Physicalism (edited book)
    The University of Notre Dame Press. 2012.
    Although physicalism has been the dominant position in recent work in the philosophy of mind, this dominance has not prevented a small but growing number of philosophers from arguing that physicalism is untenable for several reasons: both ontologically and epistemologically it cannot reduce mentality to the realm of the physical, and its attempts to reduce subjectivity to objectivity have thoroughly failed. The contributors to After Physicalism provide powerful alternatives to the physicalist ac…Read more
  •  221
    Karl Christian Friedrich Krause war ein bemerkenswerter Denker des Deutschen Idealismus. Seine Schriften können ohne Zweifel mit denen Hegels, Schellings und Fichtes konkurrieren. Gerade im Bereich der theoretischen Philosophie bietet das Krausesche Œuvre eine Fundgrube an Einsichten und Argumenten, die der heutigen, oftmals betont postmodernen oder atheistischen Philosophie eine dringend benötigte Kontrastfolie sein können. Sinn und Zweck der Arbeit ist es, den Panentheismus Krauses zeitgemäß d…Read more
  •  76
    The Many Problems of Special Divine Action
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (4): 23--36. 2015.
    Special divine action is an integral part of the Christian worldview. In fact, the plausibility of the Christian worldview depends on and is grounded in the putative reality, and therefore possibility, of special divine action. Without special divine action, Scripture does not make sense, and without Scripture, Christianity neither. However, the possibility of special divine action is highly contested in almost every field of human enquiry. In what follows, I briefly suggest a minimal definition…Read more
  •  47
    Persons: Human and divine – Peter Van Inwagen and Dean Zimmerman
    Philosophical Quarterly 59 (234): 179-184. 2009.
    No Abstract
  •  38
    Did god know it? God’s relation to a world of chance and randomness
    International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (2): 233-254. 2015.
    A common type of argument against the existence of God is to argue that certain essential features associated with the existence of God are inconsistent with certain other features to be found in the actual world. for an analysis of the different ways to deploy the term “God” in philosophical and theological discourse and for an analysis of the logical form of arguments for and against the existence of God.) A recent example of this type of argument against the existence of God is based on the a…Read more
  •  182
    Panentheism is an often-discussed alternative to Classical theism, and almost any discussion of panentheism starts by way of acknowledging Karl Christian Friedrich Krause (1781–1832) as the person who coined the term.1 However, apart from this tribute, Krause's own panentheism is almost completely unknown. In what follows, I first present a brief overview of Krause's life and correct some misconceptions of his work before I turn to the core ideas of Krause's own panentheistic system of philosoph…Read more
  •  88
    Spirituality as a rhetorical precondition for knowledge of God
    Heythrop Journal 51 (6): 1011-1016. 2010.
    In a first step I show that given a philosophically<br>warranted concept of God, arguments for<br>the existence of God are either questionbegging<br>or merely stipulative. In a second step<br>I argue that non-stipulative knowledge of God<br>and His existence is intelligible if and only if<br>there is an intellectual intuition of God. I<br>further argue that to obtain this intuition,<br>spiritual training may be necessary. Consistently<br>in this latter case, spirituality becomes a<br>conditio si…Read more
  •  9
    How to Kripke Brandom's Notion of Necessity
    with Martin Pleitz and Hanno von Wulfen
    In Bernd Prien & David P. Schweikard (eds.), Robert Brandom. Analytic Pragmatist, Ontos. 2008.
    In this paper we discuss Brandom's definition of necessity, which is part of the incompatibility sematnics he develops in his fifth John Locke Lecture. By comparing incompatibility semantics to standard Kripkean possible worlds semantics for modality, we motivate an alternative definition of necessity in Brandom's own terms. Our investigation of this alternative necessity will show that - contra to Brandom's own results - incompatibility semantics does not necessarily lead to the notion of neces…Read more
  •  23
    Another Reply to Raphael Lataster
    Sophia 54 (1): 99-102. 2015.
    Lataster has published another reply to my article on panentheism and classical theism. I should like to respond, first, by way of pointing out some problems in Lataster’s understanding of my argument before; second, I show that Lataster’s panentheistic counterexamples to my distinction to distinguish between classical theism and panentheism presuppose the very distinction he seeks to refute
  •  89
    Panentheism and Classical Theism
    Sophia 52 (1): 61-75. 2013.
    Panentheism seems to be an attractive alternative to classical theism. It is not clear, though, what exactly panentheism asserts and how it relates to classical theism. By way of clarifying the thesis of panentheism, I argue that panentheism and classical theism differ only as regards the modal status of the world. According to panentheism, the world is an intrinsic property of God – necessarily there is a world – and according to classical theism the world is an extrinsic property of God – it i…Read more
  •  8
    The Territories of Science and Religion
    Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 3 (2): 249. 2016.
  •  73
    Physicalism quaerens intellectum
    Philosophical Forum 39 (4): 463-468. 2008.
    No Abstract
  •  6
    From Physicalism to Theological Idealism
    In Martina Fürst, Wolfgang Gombocz & Christian Hiebaum (eds.), Gehirne und Personen, Ontos. 2009.
    In the first part elements and entailments of an adequate thesis of physicalism are presented. In the second part an argument against these is elaborated. Based on this argument a thesis of theological idealism is sketched.
  •  18
    Wissenschaft ist Panentheismus
    In Göcke Benedikt Paul & Wasmaier-Sailer Margit (eds.), Idealismus und natürliche Theologie, Verlag Karl Alber. 2011.
    The paper deals with Karl Christian Friedrich Krause's (1781-1832) Panentheism and argues for an holistic philosophy of science based on idealistic premisses.
  •  31
  •  86
    István Aranyosi, God, Mind, and Logical Space: A Revisionary Approach to Divinity
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (4): 264--268. 2015.
  •  31
    Concepts of God and Models of the God–world relation
    Philosophy Compass 12 (2). 2017.
    There is a variety of concepts of the divine in the eastern and western theological and philosophical traditions. There is, however, not enough reflection on the logic behind concepts of God and their justification. I clarify some necessary and sufficient conditions any attempt to explicate a concept of God has to take into account. I argue that each concept of God is a cypher for a particular worldview and distinguishes three types of justification frequently used to bestow content on particula…Read more
  •  246
    An Analytic Theologian's Stance on the Existence of God
    European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 5 (2): 129--146. 2013.
    The existence of God is once again the focus of vivid philosophical discussion. From the point of view of analytic theology, however, people often talk past each other when they debate about the putative existence or nonexistence of God. In the worst case, for instance, atheists deny the existence of a God, which no theists ever claimed to exist. In order to avoid confusions like this we need to be clear about the function of the term 'God' in its different contexts of use. In what follows, I di…Read more
  •  214
    What is physicalism?
    Ratio 22 (3): 291-307. 2009.
    Although 'most contemporary analytic philosophers [endorse] a physicalist picture of the world' (A. Newen; V. Hoffmann; M. Esfeld, 'Preface to Mental Causation, Externalism and Self-Knowledge', Erkenntnis , 67 (2007), p. 147), it is unclear what exactly the physicalist thesis states. The response that physicalism is the thesis that everything is physical does not solve the problem but is a precise statement of the problem because 'the claim is hopelessly vague' (G. Hellman; F. Thompson, 'Physica…Read more