•  5214
    Transparent, explainable, and accountable AI for robotics
    with Sandra Wachter and Luciano Floridi
    Science (Robotics) 2 (6). 2017.
    To create fair and accountable AI and robotics, we need precise regulation and better methods to certify, explain, and audit inscrutable systems.
  •  749
    The Ethical Implications of Personal Health Monitoring
    International Journal of Technoethics 5 (2): 37-60. 2014.
    Personal Health Monitoring (PHM) uses electronic devices which monitor and record health-related data outside a hospital, usually within the home. This paper examines the ethical issues raised by PHM. Eight themes describing the ethical implications of PHM are identified through a review of 68 academic articles concerning PHM. The identified themes include privacy, autonomy, obtrusiveness and visibility, stigma and identity, medicalisation, social isolation, delivery of care, and safety and tech…Read more
  •  615
    Explaining Explanations in AI
    FAT* 2019 Proceedings 1. forthcoming.
    Recent work on interpretability in machine learning and AI has focused on the building of simplified models that approximate the true criteria used to make decisions. These models are a useful pedagogical device for teaching trained professionals how to predict what decisions will be made by the complex system, and most importantly how the system might break. However, when considering any such model it’s important to remember Box’s maxim that "All models are wrong but some are useful." We focus …Read more
  •  200
    The conjunction of wireless computing, ubiquitous Internet access, and the miniaturisation of sensors have opened the door for technological applications that can monitor health and well-being outside of formal healthcare systems. The health-related Internet of Things (H-IoT) increasingly plays a key role in health management by providing real-time tele-monitoring of patients, testing of treatments, actuation of medical devices, and fitness and well-being monitoring. Given its numerous applicati…Read more
  •  137
    Ethics of the health-related internet of things: a narrative review
    Ethics and Information Technology 19 (3): 1-19. 2017.
    The internet of things is increasingly spreading into the domain of medical and social care. Internet-enabled devices for monitoring and managing the health and well-being of users outside of traditional medical institutions have rapidly become common tools to support healthcare. Health-related internet of things (H-IoT) technologies increasingly play a key role in health management, for purposes including disease prevention, real-time tele-monitoring of patient’s functions, testing of treatment…Read more
  •  64
    From Individual to Group Privacy in Big Data Analytics
    Philosophy and Technology 30 (4): 475-494. 2017.
    Mature information societies are characterised by mass production of data that provide insight into human behaviour. Analytics has arisen as a practice to make sense of the data trails generated through interactions with networked devices, platforms and organisations. Persistent knowledge describing the behaviours and characteristics of people can be constructed over time, linking individuals into groups or classes of interest to the platform. Analytics allows for a new type of algorithmically a…Read more
  •  19
    The Ethics of Biomedical ‘Big Data’ Analytics
    Philosophy and Technology 32 (1): 17-21. 2019.
  •  10
    Is there a duty to participate in digital epidemiology?
    with Justus Benzler, Lukas Engelmann, Barbara Prainsack, and Effy Vayena
    Life Sciences, Society and Policy 14 (1): 1-24. 2018.
    This paper poses the question of whether people have a duty to participate in digital epidemiology. While an implied duty to participate has been argued for in relation to biomedical research in general, digital epidemiology involves processing of non-medical, granular and proprietary data types that pose different risks to participants. We first describe traditional justifications for epidemiology that imply a duty to participate for the general public, which take account of the immediacy and p…Read more
  •  2
    The Ethics of Biomedical Big Data (edited book)
    with Luciano Floridi
    Springer. 2016.