•  7
    The limits of motivation theory in education and the dynamics of value-embedded learning
    with Minkang Kim, Soohyun Baek, Kwan Yiu Yoyo Wu, and Derek Sankey
    Educational Philosophy and Theory 54 (5): 618-629. 2022.
    Over the past twenty-five years, or so, considerable advances have been made in understanding how learning occurs in the brain, though much of this research is still to make its way into education. One contribution it should be making is to furnish the philosophical critique of past and current theory with supporting empirical evidence. For example, motivation theory and its cognate expectancy-value theory continue to be taught in teacher education, even though their rational cognitivist foundat…Read more
  •  21
    Two conflicting visions of education and their consilience
    Educational Philosophy and Theory 51 (14): 1454-1464. 2019.
    Over the past two decades, two heavily funded initiatives of the Federal government of Australia have been founded on two very different and seemingly conflicting visions of education. The first, the Australian Values Education Program enshrines what may be called an ‘embedded values’ vision of education; the second, the National Assessments Program-Literacy and Numeracy enshrines a ‘performative’ vision. The purpose of this article is to unpack these two seemingly conflicting visions and to arg…Read more
  •  4
    The interacting effects of prices and weather on population cycles in a preindustrial community
    with Susan Scott and S. R. Duncan
    Journal of Biosocial Science 30 (1): 15-32. 1998.
    The exogenous cycles and population dynamics of the community at Penrith, Cumbria, England, have been studied (1557-1812) using aggregative analysis, family reconstitution and time series analysis. This community was living under marginal conditions for the first 200 years and the evidence presented is of a homeostatic regime where famine, malnutrition and epidemic disease acted to regulate the balance between resources and population size. This provides an ideal historic population for an inves…Read more
  •  13
    The effect of nutrition on fertility and its contribution thereby to population dynamics are assessed in three social groups (elite, tradesmen and subsistence) in a marginal, pre-industrial population in northern England. This community was particularly susceptible to fluctuations in the price of grains, which formed their basic foodstuff. The subsistence class, who formed the largest part of the population, had low levels of fertility and small family sizes, but women from all social groups had…Read more
  •  15
    Reproductive strategies and sex-biased investment
    with Susan Scott
    Human Nature 10 (1): 85-108. 1999.
    Sex-biased investment in children has been explored in a historic population in northern England, 1600 to 1800, following a family reconstitution study. An examination of the wills and other available data identified three social groups: the elite, tradesmen, and subsistence farmers. The community lived under marginal conditions with poor and fluctuating levels of nutrition; infant and child mortalities were high. Clear differences were found between the social groups, and it is suggested that t…Read more