•  136
    Getting to the Bottom of “Triple Bottom Line”
    Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (2): 243-262. 2004.
    In this paper, we examine critically the notion of “Triple Bottom Line” accounting. We begin by asking just what it is that supporters of the Triple Bottom Line idea advocate, and attempt to distil specific, assessable claims from the vague, diverse, and sometimescontradictory uses of the Triple Bottom Line rhetoric. We then use these claims as a basis upon which to argue (a) that what issound about the idea of a Triple Bottom Line is not novel, and (b) that what is novel about the idea is not s…Read more
  •  110
    Nurse Autonomy as Relational
    Nursing Ethics 9 (2): 194-201. 2002.
    This article seeks an improved understanding of nurse autonomy by looking at nursing through the lens of what recent feminist scholars have called ‘relational’ autonomy. A relational understanding of autonomy means a shift away from older views focused on individuals achieving independence, towards a view that seeks meaningful self-direction within a context of interdependency. The main claim made here is that nurse autonomy is, indeed, relational. The article begins with an explanation of the n…Read more
  •  109
    Relational Professional Autonomy
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (3): 282-289. 2002.
    The notion of “relational” autonomy—as described by feminist scholars such as Susan Sherwin and Anne Donchin—has been the subject of a significant body of literature over the last few years and has recently generated some interest within the field of bioethics. Although the focus of this interest has been the autonomy of ordinary moral agents, the analysis of relational autonomy can usefully be extended to apply to the autonomy of professionals, not only as individual moral agents, but in their …Read more
  •  84
    Charitable conflicts of interest
    with Michael McDonald and Wayne Norman
    Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2). 2002.
    This paper looks at conflicts of interest in the not-for-profit sector. It examines the nature of conflicts of interest and why they are of ethical concern, and then focuses on the way not-for-profit organisations are especially prone to and vulnerable to conflict-of-interest scandals. Conflicts of interest corrode trust; and stakeholder trust (particularly from donors) is the lifeblood of most charities. We focus on some specific challenges faced by charitable organisations providing funding fo…Read more
  •  81
    Ethics and genetics: Susceptibility testing in the workplace (review)
    with Bryn Williams-Jones
    Journal of Business Ethics 35 (3). 2002.
    Genetic testing in the workplace is a technology both full of promise and fraught with ethical peril. Though not yet common, it is likely to become increasingly so. We survey the key arguments in favour of such testing, along with the most significant ethical worries. We further propose a set of pragmatic criteria, which, if met, would make it permissible for employers to offer (but not to require) workplace genetic testing.
  •  59
    Rescuing the baby from the triple-bottom-line bathwater: A reply to Pava
    with Wayne Norman
    Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (1): 111-114. 2007.
    We respond to Moses Pava’s defense of the “Triple Bottom Line” concept against our earlier criticisms. We argue that, pacePava, the multiplicity of measures that go into evaluating ethical performance cannot reasonably be compared to the handful of standard methods for evaluating financial performance. We also question Pava’s claim that usage of the term “3BL” is somehow intended to be ironical or subversive
  •  54
    Corporate Decisions about Labelling Genetically Modified Foods
    with Melissa Whellams
    Journal of Business Ethics 75 (2): 181-189. 2007.
    This paper considers whether individual companies have an ethical obligation to label their Genetically Modified (GM) foods. GM foods and ingredients pervade grocery store shelves, despite the fact that a majority of North Americans have worries about eating those products. The market as whole has largely failed to respond to consumer preference in this regard, as have North American governments. A number of consumer groups, NGO’s, and activist organizations have urged corporations to label thei…Read more
  •  42
    Call for papers
    Journal of Business Ethics 59 (3): 9-11. 2005.
  •  41
    Organizational ethics canadian style
    with Nuala P. Kenny, Jocelyn Downie, and Carolyn Ells
    HEC Forum 12 (2): 141-148. 2000.
  •  38
    Beastly contractarianism? A contractarian analysis of the possibility of animal rights
    with Chris Tucker
    Essays in Philosophy 5 (2): 31. 2004.
    Social Contract theorists and animal advocates seem to have agreed to go their separate ways. Contractarians have avoided attempting to address an issue that seems destined to prove embarrassing for the theory given the current political climate. It is largely thought that contractarianism affirms the meager moral standing commonly attributed to most animals. In the face of this consensus, animal advocates who feel the need to philosophically ground the moral status of animals have turned to oth…Read more
  •  35
    Conflict of interest policies at canadian universities: Clarity and content (review)
    with Bryn Williams-Jones
    Journal of Academic Ethics 6 (1): 79-90. 2008.
    Discussions of conflict of interest (COI) in the university have tended to focus on financial interests in the context of medical research; much less attention has been given to COI in general or to the policies that seek to manage COI. Are university COI policies accessible and understandable? To whom are these policies addressed (faculty, staff, students)? Is COI clearly defined in these policies and are procedures laid out for avoiding or remedying such situations? To begin tackling these imp…Read more
  •  34
    A Big-Data Approach to Understanding the Thematic Landscape of the Field of Business Ethics, 1982–2016
    with Ying Liu and Feng Mai
    Journal of Business Ethics 160 (1): 127-150. 2019.
    This study focuses on examining the thematic landscape of the history of scholarly publication in business ethics. We analyze the titles, abstracts, full texts, and citation information of all research papers published in the field’s leading journal, the Journal of Business Ethics, from its inaugural issue in February 1982 until December 2016—a dataset that comprises 6308 articles and 42 million words. Our key method is a computational algorithm known as probabilistic topic modeling, which we us…Read more
  •  29
    Rescuing the Baby From the Triple-Bottom-Line: a Reply to Pava
    with Wayne Norman
    Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (1): 111-114. 2007.
    We respond to Moses Pava’s defense of the “Triple Bottom Line” concept against our earlier criticisms. We argue that, pacePava, the multiplicity of measures that go into evaluating ethical performance cannot reasonably be compared to the handful of standard methods for evaluating financial performance. We also question Pava’s claim that usage of the term “3BL” is somehow intended to be ironical or subversive.
  •  26
    Clinical Standards and the Structure of Professional Obligation
    Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 8 (1): 7-17. 2000.
  •  21
    Alternative Medicine and the Ethics Of Commerce
    with Scott Gavura
    Bioethics 30 (2): 77-84. 2016.
    Is it ethical to market complementary and alternative medicines? Complementary and alternative medicines are medical products and services outside the mainstream of medical practice. But they are not just medicines offered and provided for the prevention and treatment of illness. They are also products and services – things offered for sale in the marketplace. Most discussion of the ethics of CAM has focused on bioethical issues – issues having to do with therapeutic value, and the relationship …Read more
  •  20
    Managing for Stakeholders: Survival, Reputation, Success (review)
    Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (4): 621-629. 2009.
  •  13
    Trust in the Marketplace: An Exploratory Computer Simulation
    Business and Professional Ethics Journal 16 (1/2/3): 225-238. 1997.
  •  13
    Deep Disagreement and Rawlsian “Public Reasons”
    with Angela White
    American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6): 62-63. 2005.
  •  12
    Clinical Judgment and Deep Value Commitments
    American Journal of Bioethics 11 (2). 2011.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  11
    Nothing New Under the Sun: Policy & Clinical Implications of Nanomedicine
    with Bryn Williams-Jones
    BioéthiqueOnline 1 11. 2012.
    Nanotechnology research is beginning to see widespread coverage in the media and popular science literatures, but discussions of hopes and fears about nanotechnology have already become polarised into utopian and dystopian visions. More moderate discussions focus on the near-term applications of nanotechnologies, and on potential benefits and harms. However, in exploring the social and ethical implications of nanotechnology, important lessons should be learned from experiences in other fields. I…Read more
  •  9
    Personal Genomics: Democratization, or Empowerment, or 'Something'
    with Nancy Walton
    American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6-7): 46-48. 2009.
    No abstract
  •  8
    Will the "Secular Priests" of Bioethics Work Among the Sinners?
    American Journal of Bioethics 3 (2): 36-39. 2003.
    In this paper, I explore briefly the "secular priesthood" metaphor often applied to bioethicists. I next ask: if, despite our discomfort with the metaphor, we were to embrace the best aspects of the priesthood(s) ? which I identify as the missionaries' willingness to work among sinners and lepers, at their own peril ? would we be able to live up to that standard of bravery? I then draw a parallel with the fears of contagion currently be voiced (by Carl Elliott and others), with regard to bioethi…Read more
  •  8
    The Perverse Consequences of a Proposed Global Tax on Research
    with Nancy Walton
    American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6): 46-47. 2010.
  •  7
    Professionalism and the social role of medicine
    with Peter L. Twohig
    American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2). 2004.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  7
    Pediatric Neuroenhancement: Full Steam Ahead, In a Leaky Boat?
    with Nikita Poirier
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 1 (1): 33-35. 2010.