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    Matter and Spirit as Natural Symbols in eighteenth-century British natural philosophy
    British Journal for the History of Science 15 (2): 99-131. 1982.
    During the course of the eighteenth century important changes occurred in the conception of matter held by British natural philosophers. Historians of science have described these changes in different ways, but certain common features can be abstracted from the more recent accounts. First, there was a movement away from Newtonian matter theory, which saw all matter as the various organizations of homogeneous particles and the forces of attraction and repulsion acting between them. In place of th…Read more