•  444
    Against the claim that Nietzsche’s early and late views on confronting the truth about human existence differ widely, this article argues that in The Birth of Tragedy tragic art is affirmative of life and not limited to beautifying illusion, while later works still contain the idea that artistic production of beauty is a falsification necessary to make existence bearable for us. Nietzsche did not start with the view that art’s value lies in sheer illusion, nor end with the view that truth should…Read more
  •  426
    Authored item in a collection of original research papers, arising out of the University of Southampton's AHRC-funded research project 'Nietzsche and Modern Moral Philosophy'
  •  397
    Guilt, bad conscience, and self-punishment in Nietzsche's Genealogy
    In Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and Morality, Oxford University Press. pp. 138--54. 2007.
  •  224
    5 Nietzsche, the self, and Schopenhauer
    In Keith Ansell-Pearson (ed.), Nietzsche and Modern German Thought, Routledge. pp. 119. 1991.
  •  197
    Nietzsche's aims and targets -- Reading Nietzsche's preface -- Naturalism and genealogy -- Selflessness : the struggle with Schopenhauer -- Nietzsche and Paul Rée on the origins of moral feelings -- Good and evil : affect, artistry, and revaluation -- Free will, autonomy, and the sovereign individual -- Guilt, bad conscience, and self-punishment -- Will to power in the Genealogy -- Nietzsche's illustration of the art of exegesis -- Disinterestedness and objectivity -- Perspectival knowing and th…Read more
  •  168
    Nietzsche on Free Will, Autonomy and the Sovereign Individual
    with Ken Gemes
    Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 80 (1): 321-357. 2006.
    [Ken Gemes] In some texts Nietzsche vehemently denies the possibility of free will; in others he seems to positively countenance its existence. This paper distinguishes two different notions of free will. Agency free will is intrinsically tied to the question of agency, what constitutes an action as opposed to a mere doing. Deserts free will is intrinsically tied to the question of desert, of who does and does not merit punishment and reward. It is shown that we can render Nietzsche's prima faci…Read more
  •  152
    This original new book argues for a reassessment of Plato's challenge to the arts. Plato was the first great figure in Western philosophy to assess the value of the arts; he argued in the Republic that traditionally accepted forms of poetry, drama, and music are unsound. While this view has been widely rejected, Janaway argues that Plato's hostile case is a more coherent and profound challenge to the arts than has sometimes been supposed. Denying that Plato advocates "good art" in any modern sen…Read more
  •  137
    This new collection enriches our understanding of Nietzsche's philosophy by examining his relationship with Schopenhauer. Eight leading scholars contribute specially written essays in which Nietzsche's changing conceptions of pessimism, tragedy, art, morality, truth, knowledge, religion, atheism, determinism, the will, and the self are revealed as responses to the work of the thinker he called his "great teacher.".
  •  136
    Self and World in Schopenhauers Philosophy
    Oxford University Press. 1989.
    Janaway provides a detailed and critical account of Schopenhauer's central philosophical achievement: his account of the self and its relation to the world of objects. The author's approach to this theme is historical, yet is designed to show the philosophical interest of such an approach. He explores in unusual depth Schopenhauer's often ambivalent relation to Kant, and highlights the influence of Schopenhauer's view of self and world on Wittgenstein and Nietzsche, as well as tracing the many p…Read more
  •  130
    Against the claim that Nietzsche’s early and late views on confronting the truth about human existence differ widely, this article argues that in The Birth of Tragedy tragic art is affirmative of life and not limited to beautifying illusion, while later works still contain the idea that artistic production of beauty is a falsification necessary to make existence bearable for us. Nietzsche did not start with the view that art’s value lies in sheer illusion, nor end with the view that truth should…Read more
  •  107
    Naturalism and value in Nietzsche (review)
    with Ken Gemes
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3). 2005.
  •  99
    This paper gives an account of the argument of Schopenhauer's essay On the Freedom of the Human Will, drawing also on his other works. Schopenhauer argues that all human actions are causally necessitated, as are all other events in empirical nature, hence there is no freedom in the sense of liberum arbitrium indifferentiae. However, our sense of responsibility or agency (being the ) is nonetheless unshakeable. To account for this Schopenhauer invokes the Kantian distinction between empirical and…Read more
  •  79
    Schopenhauer on the aimlessness of the will
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (2): 331-347. 2018.
    Schopenhauer asserts that ‘the will, which is objectified in human life as it is in every appearance, is a striving without aim and without end’. The article rejects some recent readings of this claim, and offers the following positive interpretation: however many specific aims of my specific desires I manage to attain, none is a final aim, in the sense that none terminates my ‘willing as a whole’, none turns me into a non-willing being. To understand Schopenhauer’s claim we must recognize his c…Read more
  •  77
    Arts and crafts in Plato and Collingwood
    Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 50 (1): 45-54. 1992.
  •  73
    Schopenhauer's Pessimism
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44 47-63. 1999.
    This series of lectures was originally scheduled to include a talk on Schopenhauer by Patrick Gardiner. Sadly, Patrick died during the summer, and I was asked to stand in. Patrick must, I am sure, have been glad to see this series of talks on German Philosophy being put on by the Royal Institute, and he, probably more than anyone on the list, deserves to have been a part of it. Patrick Gardiner taught and wrote with unfailing integrity and quiet refinement in the Oxford of the 1950s, '60s, '70s …Read more
  •  72
    Two kinds of artistic duplication
    British Journal of Aesthetics 37 (1): 1-14. 1997.
  •  72
    Plato's analogy between painter and poet
    British Journal of Aesthetics 31 (1): 1-12. 1991.
  •  70
    Nietzsche on Morality by Brian Leiter (review)
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3): 729-740. 2005.
  •  58
    Designed for readers with no or little prior knowledge of the subject, this concise anthology brings together key texts in aesthetics and the philosophy of art. Designed for readers with no or little prior knowledge of the subject. Presents two contrasting pieces on each of six topics. Texts range from Plato’s famous critique of art in the ‘Republic’ through Nietzsche’s ‘The Birth of Tragedy’ to Barthes’ ‘The Death of the Author’ 'and pieces in recent philosophical aesthetics from a number of tr…Read more
  •  57
    Attitudes to suffering: Parfit and Nietzsche
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (1-2): 66-95. 2017.
    In On What Matters, Derek Parfit argues that Nietzsche does not disagree with central normative beliefs that ‘we’ hold. Such disagreement would threaten Parfit’s claim that normative beliefs are known by intuition. However, Nietzsche defends a conception of well-being that challenges Parfit’s normative claim that suffering is bad in itself for the sufferer. Nietzsche recognizes the phenomenon of ‘growth through suffering’ as essential to well-being. Hence, removal of all suffering would lead to …Read more
  •  52
    Better Consciousness: Schopenhauer's Philosophy of Value (edited book)
    with Alex Neill
    Wiley-Blackwell. 2009.
    _Better Consciousness: Schopenhauer's Philosophy of Value_ reassesses Schopenhauer's aesthetics and ethics and their contemporary relevance. Features a collection of new essays from leading Schopenhauer scholars Explores a relatively neglected area of Schopenhauer's philosophy Offers a new perspective on a great thinker who crystallized the pessimism of the nineteenth century and has many points of contact with twenty-first century thought
  •  47
    What a musical forgery isn't
    British Journal of Aesthetics 39 (1): 62-71. 1999.
  •  46
    Nietzsche's Psychology as a Refinement of Plato's
    Journal of Nietzsche Studies 45 (1): 12. 2014.
    In their recent book The Soul of Nietzsche’s Beyond Good and Evil, Maudemarie Clark and David Dudrick claim that Nietzsche takes Plato’s theory of the soul to be ‘a hypothesis, which his own psychology is an attempt to refine’. This essay accepts that claim, but argues for a more streamlined account of the relation between Nietzsche and Plato than Clark and Dudrick give. There is no justification for their suggestion that Nietzsche diagnoses an ‘atomistic need’ as responsible for what he objects…Read more
  •  45
    Nietzsche on Free Will, Autonomy and the Sovereign Individual
    Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 80 (1): 339-357. 2006.
    [Ken Gemes] In some texts Nietzsche vehemently denies the possibility of free will; in others he seems to positively countenance its existence. This paper distinguishes two different notions of free will. Agency free will is intrinsically tied to the question of agency, what constitutes an action as opposed to a mere doing. Deserts free will is intrinsically tied to the question of desert, of who does and does not merit punishment and reward. It is shown that we can render Nietzsche's prima faci…Read more
  •  45
    The Gay Science
    Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews. forthcoming.
    An article in a Handbook on Nietzsche. Gives an overview of the main philosophical themes and questions of interpretation in Nietzsche's book The Gay Science
  •  44
    What's So Good about Negation of the Will?: Schopenhauer and the Problem of the Summum Bonum
    Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (4): 649-669. 2016.
    the final part of schopenhauer’s argument in The World as Will and Representation concerns “affirmation and negation of the will”. He argues, with a fervor that borders on the religious, that “negation of the will” is a condition of unique value, the only state that enables “true salvation, redemption from life and from suffering”. Some commentators have asserted without qualification that this condition is his “highest good.” Thus Julian Young writes, “[T]he final goal of ‘salvation’… which Sch…Read more