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    Rationality: An Advanced Review
    WIREs Cognitive Science. 2013.
    A theory of rationality is a theory that evaluates instances of reasoning as rational, irrational, or (ir)rational to some degree. Theories can be categorized as rule-based or consequentialist. Rule-based theories say that rational reasoning accords with certain rules (e.g., of logic or probability). Consequentialist theories say that rational reasoning tends to produce good consequences. For instance, the reliabilist takes rationality to be reasoning that tends to produce mostly true beliefs. T…Read more
  •  7
    In the natural world there are things we call 'syndromes'. Depression is an example of a syndrome. There are many forms of depression, but generally, people with depression suffer from a subset of several unpleasant symptoms, such as lethargy, guilt and suicidal ideation. It appears that there is a pleasant syndrome: There are people who are enjoying a subset of the properties we tend to associate with well-being. These symptoms include, but are not necessarily limited to, above average emotiona…Read more
  •  33
    Hedonic possibilities and heritability statistics
    Philosophical Psychology 27 (5): 681-702. 2014.
    Several influential psychologists have attempted to estimate to what extent human happiness levels are directly controlled by genes by comparing the happiness levels of identical twins raised apart. If we discover that the happiness levels of identical twins raised apart tend to be closer than the happiness levels of fraternal twins raised apart, this is taken as evidence that average happiness levels are largely controlled by genes. However, if it turns out that identical twins' happiness level…Read more