•  307
    Misbehaving Machines: The Emulated Brains of Transhumanist Dreams
    Journal of Evolution and Technology 22 (1): 10-22. 2011.
    Enhancement technologies may someday grant us capacities far beyond what we now consider humanly possible. Nick Bostrom and Anders Sandberg suggest that we might survive the deaths of our physical bodies by living as computer emulations.­­ In 2008, they issued a report, or “roadmap,” from a conference where experts in all relevant fields collaborated to determine the path to “whole brain emulation.” Advancing this technology could also aid philosophical research. Their “roadmap” defends certain …Read more
  •  295
    Body and World in Merleau-Ponty and Deleuze
    Studia Phaenomenologica 12 181-209. 2012.
    To compare Merleau-Ponty’s and Deleuze’s phenomenal bodies, I first examine how for Merleau-Ponty phenomena appear on the basis of three levels of integration: 1) between the parts of the world, 2) between the parts of the body, and 3) between the body and its world. I contest that Deleuze’s attacks on phenomenology can be seen as constructive critiques rather than as being expressions of an anti-phenomenological position. By building from Deleuze’s definition of the phenomenon and from his more…Read more
  •  60
    By means of Vivian Sobchack’s semiotic film phenomenology, we may examine our immediate perceptual acts in film experience in order to determine the ways that the primordial language of embodied existence found at this primary level grounds the secondary level of the more explicit interpretations we give to the film’s elements. Although Gilles Deleuze is openly defiant toward the phenomenological tradition, his studies of film experience can serve this purpose as well, because he is interested i…Read more
  •  28
    We respond to a phenomenological challenge set forth in Thomas Nagel’s “What Is It Like To Be a Bat?,” namely, to seek a method for obtaining a phenomenological description of non-human animal experience faithful to an animal’s first-person subjective perspective. First, we examine “translational” strategies employing empathy and communication with animals. Then we turn to a “transpositional” strategy from Uexkull’s Umwelt theory in which we objectively determine the components of a non-human an…Read more
  •  17
    Difference and Repetition, An Edinburgh Philosophical Guide
    Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 47 (4): 364-366. 2016.
  •  16
    In the Still of the Moment: Deleuze's Phenomena of Motionless Time
    Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 8 (2): 199-229. 2014.
    A process philosophical interpretation of Deleuze's theories of time encounters problems when formulating an account of Deleuze's portrayal of temporality in The Time-Image, where time is understood as having the structure of instantaneity and simultaneity. I remedy this shortcoming of process philosophical readings by formulating a phenomenological interpretation of Deleuze's second synthesis of time. By employing Deleuze's logic of affirmative synthetic disjunction in combination with his diff…Read more
  •  13
    Gilles Deleuze's Philosophy of Time: A Critical Introduction and Guide, by James Williams
    Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 43 (2): 220-221. 2012.
  • Hegel, Deleuze, and the Critique of Representation: Dialectics Negation and Difference (review)
    Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 46 (1): 87-88. 2015.