• New York University
    Department of Philosophy
    Animal Studies Initiative, Environmental Studies Program
    Other faculty (Postdoc, Visiting, etc)
  •  298
    In his classic article, Famine, Affluence, and Morality, pp. 229–243), Peter Singer claimed that affluent people in the developed world are morally obligated to transfer large amounts of resources to poor people in the developing world. For present purposes I will not call Singers argument into question. While people can reasonably disagree about exactly how demanding morality is with respect to duties to the desperate, there is little question in my mind that it is much more demanding than comm…Read more
  •  1
    Readings in Animal Cognition (edited book)
    with Marc Bekoff
    MIT Press. 1996.
  •  7
    Ethics, Public policy, and global warming
    Global Bioethics 5 (1): 31-42. 1992.
  •  29
    Loving Nature
    Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 76 (4): 485-495. 2018.
    Drawing inspiration from Iris Murdoch, I develop a systematic account of love that countenances love beyond persons. I then show how this account applies to nature, and explain why loving nature matters.
  •  52
    Animal Agency
    The Harvard Review of Philosophy 25 111-126. 2018.
    The rise of physicalism and naturalism, the development of cognitive science, and the explosion and popularization of knowledge about animal behavior has brought us to see that most of the properties that were once thought to distinguish humans from other animals are shared with other animals. Many people now see properties that are morally relevant to how it is permissible to treat animals, such as sentience, as widely distributed. Agency, however, is one area in which the retreat from human un…Read more
  • The future of environmental philosophy
    with Robert Frodeman
    Ethics and the Environment 12 (2): 117-118. 2007.
  •  5
    The Moral Status of Animals (review)
    Noûs 15 (2): 230. 1981.
  •  7
    The Morality of Species (review)
    Hastings Center Report 21 (2): 47. 1991.
  •  2
    A collection of seminal articles in climate ethics and climate justice.
  •  29
    Responsibility and Climate Change
    Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 8 (2). 2015.
    I begin by providing some background to conceptions of responsibility. I note the extent of disagreement in this area, the diverse and cross-cutting distinctions that are deployed, and the relative neglect of some important problems. These facts make it difficult to attribute responsibility for climate change, but so do some features of climate change itself which I go on to illuminate. Attributions of responsibility are often contested sites because such attributions are fundamentally pragmatic…Read more
  •  5
    Carruthers on nonconscious experience
    with Alonso Church
    Analysis 52 (1): 23. 1992.
  •  1
    Animal rights: a reply to Frey
    with Alonso Church
    Analysis 38 (1): 32. 1978.
  •  5
  •  2
    Singer and His Critics
    Mind 111 (441): 122-126. 2002.
  •  4
    Rational Egoism and Animal Rights
    Environmental Ethics 3 (2): 167-171. 1981.
    Jan Narveson has suggested that rational egoism might provide a defensible moral perspective that would put animals out of the reach of morality without denying that they are capable of suffering. I argue that rational egoism provides a principled indifference to the fate of animals at high cost: the possibility of principled indifference to the fate of “marginal humans.”
  •  168
    Animal Liberation is an Environmental Ethic
    Environmental Values 7 (1): 41-57. 1998.
    I begin by briefly tracing the history of the split between environmental ethics and animal liberation, go on to sketch a theory of value that I think is implicit in animal liberation, and explain how this theory is consistent with strong environmental commitments. I conclude with some observations about problems that remain
  • The Arbitrariness of Language
    Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 1976.
  •  36
    Jack, Jill, and Jane in a Perfect Moral Storm
    Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche 3 (1). 2013.
  • Some problems and prospects for cognitive ethology
    with M. Bekoff
    Between the Species 8 80-82. 1992.
  •  6
    Hockett on Effective Computability
    with Ralph J. Teutsch
    Foundations of Language 11 (2): 287-293. 1974.
  • Singer and Pratical Ethics Movement
    In Dale Jamieson (ed.), Singer and His Critics, Blackwell. pp. 1--17. 1999.
  • Language, Mind and Art (edited book)
    Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1994.
  •  55
    Readings in Animal Cognition (edited book)
    with Marc Bekoff
    MIT Press. 1996.
    This collection of 24 readings is the first comprehensive treatment of important topics by leading figures in the rapidly growing interdisciplinary field of...
  •  26
    Ecosystem Health: Some Preventive Medicine
    Environmental Values 4 (4). 1995.
    Some ecologists, philosophers, and policy analysts believe that ecosystem health can be defined in a rigorous way and employed as a management goal in environmental policy. The idea of ecosystem health may have something to recommend it as part of a rhetorical strategy, but I am dubious about its utility as a technical term in environmental policy. I develop several objections to this latest version of scientism in environmental policy, and conclude that our environmental problems fundamentally …Read more
  •  2
    The ethics of geoengineering
    People and Place 1 (2). 2009.
  •  192
    Is There Progress in Morality?
    Utilitas 14 (3): 318. 2002.
    My question, which is central to the business of moral philosophy, is implicitly addressed by many philosophers, yet explicitly addressed by only a few. In this paper I address the question head-on, and propose a qualified affirmative answer
  •  19
    Science and subjective feelings
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1): 25-26. 1990.