•  8
    What Art Is (review)
    American Society for Aesthetics Graduate E-Journal 6 (1). 2014.
  •  7
    Anti-Anti-Essentialism About Art
    American Society for Aesthetics Graduate E-Journal 7 (2). 2015.
    The successful specification of the definition of art has so far proven elusive. Discouraged by repeated failed attempts at the definition of art, numerous anti-essentialist philosophers have suggested alternative accounts. In this paper I defend the project of the definition of art by arguing that the strongest anti-essentialist arguments are unsuccessful in ruling out either the possibility or the value of a definition of art. Based on my observations regarding a blind spot in Wittgenstein’s a…Read more
  • The Darwinian Heritage and Sociobiology (edited book)
    with M. G. van der Dennen Johan and David Smillie
    Praeger. 1999.
  •  27
    Can Levinson's Intentional‐Historical Definition of Art Accommodate Revolutionary Art?
    Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 73 (4): 407-416. 2015.
    In this article, I examine whether Jerrold Levinson's intentional-historical definition of art can successfully accommodate revolutionary art. For Levinson, an item is art if it was intended to be regarded as some prior art was regarded. But revolutionary art involves a regard that is “completely distinct” from preexisting art regards. I consider and reject Levinson's proposed solutions to the problem of accommodating revolutionary art. I then defend an alternative account of transgressive art r…Read more
  •  18
    Art and Abstract Objects
    British Journal of Aesthetics 55 (2): 255-258. 2015.
  •  23
    The Japanese Tea Ceremony and Pancultural Definitions of Art
    Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 76 (1): 33-44. 2018.
    Dominic McIver Lopes and Yuriko Saito claim that the Japanese tea ceremony, or chadō, is a non-Western art form. Stephen Davies also defends that claim. In this article, I utilize the tea ceremony as a test case for pancultural definitions of art that claim to be inclusive of non-Western cultures without relying on Western ethnocentrism to justify their status as artworks. I argue that Davies's hybrid definition is not justified in assuming a homogenous art tradition and/or a unified conception …Read more