•  35
    Crucial Instances and Francis Bacon’s Quest for Certainty
    Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 7 (1): 130-150. 2017.
    Francis Bacon’s method of induction is often understood as a form of eliminative induction. The idea, on this interpretation, is to list the possible formal causes of a phenomenon and, by reference to a copious and reliable natural history, to falsify all of them but one. Whatever remains must be the formal cause. Bacon’s crucial instances are often seen as the crowning example of this method. In this article, I argue that this interpretation of crucial instances is mistaken, and it has caused u…Read more
  •  30
    Ex-Jew, eternal Jew: early representations of the Jewish Spinoza -- Refining Spinoza: Moses Mendelssohn's response to the Amsterdam heretic -- The first modern Jew: Berthold Auerbach's Spinoza and the beginnings of an image -- A rebel against the past, a revealer of secrets: Salomon Rubin and the east European Maskilic Spinoza -- From the heights of Mount Scopus: Yosef Klausner and the Zionist rehabilitation of Spinoza -- Farewell, Spinoza: I. B. Singer and the tragicomedy of the Jewish Spinozis…Read more
  •  30
    Thomas Aquinas and Antonio de Córdoba on self-defence: saving yourself as a private end
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (6): 1045-1063. 2018.
    ABSTRACTRevisionists about Aquinas’ teaching on private self-defence take the standard reading to hold that Aquinas applies a version of the Doctrine of Double Effect according to which the intentional killing of a wrongful attacker by a private person is morally prohibited while the non-intentional but foreseeable killing of the attacker is permitted. Revisionists dispute this reading and argue that Aquinas permits the intentional killing of wrongful attackers. I argue that revisionists mischar…Read more
  •  20
    Scandal and Moral Demandingness in the Late Scholastics
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (2): 256-276. 2015.
    This paper examines the views of a number of late scholastic moral theologians, with emphasis on Francisco Suárez, about the limits of the duty to refrain from those otherwise permissible actions which make it difficult for people to choose uprightly. In so doing, the paper singles out and analyses a number circumstantial factors capable of excusing ordinary agents for giving others an occasion of sin
  •  9
    The Galilee in Late Antiquity
    with Lee I. Levine
    Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (1): 123. 1995.
  •  7
    The Historical Method of Flavius Josephus
    with Pere Villalba I. Varneda
    Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (1): 131. 1990.
  •  5
    Is Baconian Natural History Theory-Laden?
    Journal of Early Modern Studies 3 (1). 2014.
    The recent surge of interest in Bacon's own attempts at natural history has revealed a complex interplay with his speculative ideas in natural philosophy. This research has given rise to the concern that his natural histories are theory-laden in a way that Bacon ought to find unacceptable, given his prescription in the Parasceve for a reliable body of factual instances that can be used as a storehouse for induction. This paper aims to resolve this tension by elaborating a moderate foundationalis…Read more
  • The late scholastics, writing in the Baroque and Early Modern periods, discussed a wide variety of moral questions relating to political life in times of both peace and war. Is it ever permissible to bribe voters? Can tax evasion be morally justified? What are the moral duties of artists? Is it acceptable to fight in a war one believes to be unjust? May we surrender innocents to the enemy if it is necessary to save the state? These questions are no less relevant for philosophers and politicians …Read more