•  12
    Reasons and Knowledge
    Journal of Philosophy 80 (9): 542-554. 1983.
  •  3
    On Undermining the Beliefs of Others: Religion and the Ethics of Persuasion
    In Dov Schwartz & Avi Sagi (eds.), Faith: Jewish Perspectives, Academic Studies Press. pp. 137-187. 2019.
  •  9
    Free Will and the Structure of Motivation
    Midwest Studies in Philosophy 10 (1): 451-482. 1986.
  • Contemporary Philosophy of Religion
    Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 47 (1): 146-147. 1985.
  •  28
    The metaphysics of control
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (4): 955-960. 1997.
  •  2
    Peer Review: A Critical Inquiry
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 2004.
    While much literature has sprouted on peer review, this is the first book-length, wide-ranging study that utilizes methods and resources of contemporary philosophy. It covers the tension between peer review and the liberal notion that truth emerges when ideas proliferate in the marketplace of ideas; arguments for and against blind review of submissions; the alleged conservatism of peer review; the anomalous nature of book reviewing; the status of non-peer-reviewed publications; and the future of…Read more
  •  70
    Free will and the structure of motivation
    Midwest Studies in Philosophy 10 (1): 451-82. 1985.
  •  25
    Critical studies
    with Kenneth J. Perszyk and Raphael Falk
    Philosophia 17 (3): 355-364. 1987.
  •  5
    Review: Review Essay: The Metaphysics of Control (review)
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (4). 1997.
  •  23
    Maimonides and Philosophy
    International Studies in Philosophy 24 (1): 124-127. 1992.
  •  156
    A central problem in epistemology concerns the justification of beliefs about epistemic principles, i.e., principles stating which kinds of beliefs are justified and which not. It is generally regarded as circular to justify such beliefs empirically. However, some recent defenders of foundationalism have argued that, within a foundationalist framework, one can justify beliefs about epistemic principles empirically without incurring the charge of vicious circularity. The key to this position is a…Read more
  •  34
    Questions About God: Today's Philosophers Ponder the Divine (edited book)
    Oxford University Press. 1973.
    From young children, with their guileless, searching questions, to the recently bereaved, trying to make sense of tragic loss, humans wrestle with our relationship to God--and with God's essence, motivations, and power--throughout our lives: Why does God permit catastrophe and senseless tragedy, again and again? Is God's power limited in any way? Can He change the past? Does He know the future? Why does God require prayer? Why does He not provide stronger evidence of His presence? Whom does God …Read more
  •  29
    Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification
    International Studies in Philosophy 32 (2): 141-142. 2000.
  •  50
    This paper is a reply to James Keller 's criticisms of my Foundationalism, Coherentism and the Levels Gambit.Foundationalists have often claimed that, within a foundationalist framework, one can justify beliefs about epistemic principles in a mediate, empirical fashion, while escaping the charge of vicious circularity that is usually thought to afflict such methods of justification. In my original paper I attacked this foundationalist strategy; I argued that once mediate, empirical justification…Read more
  •  35
    So What Else Is Neo? Theism and Epistemic Recalcitrance
    Midwest Studies in Philosophy 37 (1): 25-50. 2013.
  •  9
    Maimonides and Philosophy: Papers Presented at the Sixth Jerusalem Philosophical Encounter (review)
    International Studies in Philosophy 24 (1): 124-127. 1992.
  •  55
    Freedom, Repentance and Hardening of the Hearts
    Faith and Philosophy 14 (4): 478-509. 1997.
    The doctrine that God hardens some agents’ hearts generates philosophical perplexities. Why would God deprive someone of free will and the opportunity to repent? Or is God’s interference compatible with the agent’s free will and his having an opportunity to repent? In this paper, I examine how two Jewish philosophers, Moses Maimonides and Joseph Albo, handled these questions. I analyze six approaches growing out of their writings and argue that a naturalistic interpretation of hardening --- as i…Read more
  •  35
    Hierarchical Theories of Freedom and the Hardening of Hearts
    Midwest Studies in Philosophy 21 (1): 202-224. 1997.
  •  22
    Reasons and Knowledge by Marshall Swain (review)
    Journal of Philosophy 80 (9): 542-554. 1983.
  •  46
    Is Peer Review Overrated?
    The Monist 79 (4): 536-563. 1996.
    Anyone who labors at academic scholarship knows vividly—perhaps even painfully—how dependent that enterprise is on a system of peer review. A scholar submits a work to a journal, press, or conference committee, or sends a proposal to a foundation; the submission is then evaluated by other professionals. The judgment of these referees determines whether the work is published by the target journal or press, appears on the conference program, or is funded by the desired institution. In many fields …Read more
  •  30
    Compatibilism, values, and “could have done otherwise”
    Philosophical Topics 16 (1): 151-200. 1988.
  •  9
    The biblical and rabbinic background to medieval Jewish philosophy
    In Daniel H. Frank & Oliver Leaman (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Jewish Philosophy, Cambridge University Press. pp. 16. 2003.
  •  7
    Maimonides' moral theory
    In Kenneth Seeskin (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Maimonides, Cambridge University Press. pp. 167. 2005.
  •  11
    Freedom, Repentance and Hardening of the Hearts: Albo vs. Maimonides
    Faith and Philosophy 14 (4): 478-509. 1997.
    The doctrine that God hardens some agents’ hearts generates philosophical perplexities. Why would God deprive someone of free will and the opportunity to repent? Or is God’s interference compatible with the agent’s free will and his having an opportunity to repent? In this paper, I examine how two Jewish philosophers, Moses Maimonides and Joseph Albo, handled these questions. I analyze six approaches growing out of their writings and argue that a naturalistic interpretation of hardening --- as i…Read more
  •  1
    Definitions and Definability Philosophical Perspectives
    with James H. Fetzer and George N. Schlesinger
    . 1991.