•  562
    A Constructive Critique of Mario Bunge’s Theory of Truth
    Mεtascience: Scientific General Discourse 2 130-137. 2022.
    Truth is the degree of accuracy when representing reality. We postulate three cognitive stages: the psychon, produced by perception; the construct, produced by intellection; and the speech act, produced by communication. Truth lies in the second; only constructs are alethic. Truth is a quality which takes place in degrees. Certainty is the unreachable perfect tip of this gradation, so it is an ideal concept. A thesis is deemed true if its alethical degree is acceptably efficacious, otherwise the…Read more
  •  448
    Fatal Attraction
    Environmental Ethics 31 (3): 297-315. 2009.
    The concept of wildness not only plays a role in philosophical debates, but also in popular culture. Wild nature is often seen as a place outside the cultural sphere where one can still encounter instances of transcendence. Some writers and moviemakers contest the dominant romanticized view of wild nature by telling stories that somehow show a different harsher face of nature. In encounters with the wild and unruly, humans can sometimes experience the misfit between their well-ordered, human-cen…Read more
  •  275
    Do infants understand that external goals are internally represented?
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (5): 710-711. 2005.
    Evidence for infants' sensitivity to behavior being goal oriented leaves it open as to whether they see such behavior as being designed to lead to an external goal or whether they see it, in addition, as being directed by an internal representation of the goal. We point out the difficulty of finding possible criteria for how infants or children view this matter.
  •  258
    Are we studying consciousness yet?
    with Larry Weiskrantz
    It has been over a decade and half since Christof Koch and the late Francis Crick first advocated the now popular NCC project, in which one tries to find the neural correlate of consciousness for perceptual processes. Here we critically take stock of what have actually been learned from these studies. Many authors have questioned whether looking for the neural correlates would eventually lead to an explanatory theory of consciousness, while the proponents of NCC research maintain that focusing o…Read more
  •  250
    The message of the quantum?
    with Detlef Duerr, Sheldon Goldstein, Tim Maudlin, Roderich Tumulka, and Nino Zanghi
    We criticize speculations to the effect that quantum mechanics is fundamentally about information. We do this by pointing out how unfounded such speculations in fact are. Our analysis focuses on the dubious claims of this kind recently made by Anton Zeilinger.
  •  114
    Naive realism about operators
    with Detlef Dürr, Sheldon Goldstein, and Nino Zanghì
    Erkenntnis 45 (2-3). 1996.
    A source of much difficulty and confusion in the interpretation of quantum mechanics is a naive realism about operators. By this we refer to various ways of taking too seriously the notion of operator-as-observable, and in particular to the all too casual talk about measuring operators that occurs when the subject is quantum mechanics. Without a specification of what should be meant by measuring a quantum observable, such an expression can have no clear meaning. A definite specification is provi…Read more
  •  95
    Predictive genetic testing in minors for late-onset conditions: a chronological and analytical review of the ethical arguments: Figure 1
    with Cara Mand, Lynn Gillam, and Rony E. Duncan
    Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (9): 519-524. 2012.
    Predictive genetic testing is now routinely offered to asymptomatic adults at risk for genetic disease. However, testing of minors at risk for adult-onset conditions, where no treatment or preventive intervention exists, has evoked greater controversy and inspired a debate spanning two decades. This review aims to provide a detailed longitudinal analysis and concludes by examining the debate's current status and prospects for the future. Fifty-three relevant theoretical papers published between …Read more
  •  93
    Fighting crime has historically been a field that drives technological innovation, and it can serve as an example of different governance styles in societies. Predictive policing is one of the recent innovations that covers technical trends such as machine learning, preventive crime fighting strategies, and actual policing in cities. However, it seems that a combination of exaggerated hopes produced by technology evangelists, media hype, and ignorance of the actual problems of the technology may…Read more
  •  80
    The Prospects of Philosophy (review)
    Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 15 (2): 347-348. 1940.
  •  79
    This volume consists of 21 essays on Marsilio Ficino (1433-99), the Florentine scholar-philosopher-magus-priest who was the architect of Renaissance Platonism.
  •  60
    How should we deal with misattributed paternity? A survey of lay public attitudes
    with Georgia Lowe, Jonathan Pugh, Guy Kahane, Louise Corben, Sharon Lewis, and Julian Savulescu
    AJOB Empirical Bioethics 8 (4): 234-242. 2017.
    Background: Increasing use of genetic technologies in clinical and research settings increases the potential for misattributed paternity to be identified. Yet existing guidance from the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Biomedical and Behavioral Research and the Institute of Medicine (among others) offers contradictory advice. Genetic health professionals are thus likely to vary in their practice when misattributed paternity is identified, and empirical investigation in…Read more
  •  60
    Cognitive and emotional processes during dreaming: A neuroimaging view
    with Thien Thanh Dang-Vu, Virginie Sterpenich, and Sophie Schwartz
    Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4): 998-1008. 2011.
    Dream is a state of consciousness characterized by internally-generated sensory, cognitive and emotional experiences occurring during sleep. Dream reports tend to be particularly abundant, with complex, emotional, and perceptually vivid experiences after awakenings from rapid eye movement sleep. This is why our current knowledge of the cerebral correlates of dreaming, mainly derives from studies of REM sleep. Neuroimaging results show that REM sleep is characterized by a specific pattern of regi…Read more
  •  58
    A Reforma em território alemão possui duas figuras, por vezes próximas entre si, por vezes muito distantes: Lutero e Tomás Müntzer. À medida que foi se envolvendo na vida de seus fiéis, Müntzer foi tomando caminhos próprios, discordando de Lutero que este tomava a “Palavra, em sua realidade objetiva, como constitutiva da Igreja, e afirmando que os verdadeiros fiéis são os que possuem a experiência subjetiva do “Espírito”. Também contra Lutero, que defende a resistência à autoridade, mas em quest…Read more
  •  57
    There's no contest: Human sex differences are sexually selected
    with Nicholas Pound and Margo Wilson
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4): 286-287. 2009.
    An evolutionary psychological perspective drawing on sexual selection theory can better explain sex differences in aggression and violence than can social constructionist theories. Moreover, there is accumulating evidence that, in accordance with predictions derived from sexual selection theory, men modulate their willingness to engage in risky and violent confrontations in response to cues to fitness variance and future prospects
  •  57
    Humans should be individualistic and utility-maximizing, but not necessarily “rational”
    with Pat Barclay
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2): 154-155. 2003.
    One reason why humans don't behave according to standard game theoretical rationality is because it's not realistic to assume that everyone else is behaving rationally. An individual is expected to have psychological mechanisms that function to maximize his/her long-term payoffs in a world of potentially “irrational” individuals. Psychological decision theory has to be individualistic because individuals make decisions, not groups.
  •  50
    Dissociative tendencies and right-hemisphere processing load: Effects on vigilance performance
    with William S. Helton and Paul N. Russell
    Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3): 696-702. 2011.
    The present study was designed to explore the relationship between self-reported dissociative experiences and performance in tasks eliciting right-hemisphere processing load. Thirty-four participants performed a vigilance task in two conditions: with task-irrelevant negative-arousing pictures and task-irrelevant neutral pictures. Dissociation was assessed with the Dissociative Experience Scale. Consistent with theories positing right-hemisphere deregulation in high non-clinical dissociators, dis…Read more
  •  50
    Temporal Equilibrium Logic with past operators
    with Felicidad Aguado, Pedro Cabalar, Gilberto Pérez, and Concepción Vidal
    Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 27 (3-4): 161-177. 2017.
    In this paper, we study the introduction of modal past temporal operators in Temporal Equilibrium Logic, an hybrid formalism that mixes linear-time modalities and logic programs interpreted under stable models and their characterisation in terms of Equilibrium Logic. We show that Kamp’s translation can also be used to translate the new extension of TEL with past operators into Quantified Equilibrium Logic. Additionally, we provide a method for removing past operators that consists in replacing p…Read more
  •  49
    The neural basis of phantom limb pain
    with Herta Flor and Jamila Andoh
    Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (7): 307-308. 2013.
  •  48
    Temporal equilibrium logic: a survey
    with Felicidad Aguado, Pedro Cabalar, Gilberto Pérez, and Concepción Vidal
    Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 23 (1-2): 2-24. 2013.
    This paper contains a survey of the main definitions and results obtained to date related to Temporal Equilibrium Logic, a nonmonotonic hybrid approach that combines Equilibrium Logic (the best-known logical characterisation for the stable models semantics of logic programs) with Linear-Time Temporal Logic
  •  48
    Automatic Sleep Spindle Detection and Genetic Influence Estimation Using Continuous Wavelet Transform
    with Marek Adamczyk, Lisa Genzel, Axel Steiger, and Elisabeth Friess
    Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9. 2015.
  •  47
    Complete Intuitionistic Temporal Logics for Topological Dynamics
    with Joseph Boudou and David Fernández-Duque
    Journal of Symbolic Logic 87 (3): 995-1022. 2022.
    The language of linear temporal logic can be interpreted on the class of dynamic topological systems, giving rise to the intuitionistic temporal logic ${\sf ITL}^{\sf c}_{\Diamond \forall }$, recently shown to be decidable by Fernández-Duque. In this article we axiomatize this logic, some fragments, and prove completeness for several familiar spaces.
  •  46
    Functional significance of human female orgasm still hypothetical
    with Nicholas Pound
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4): 620-621. 2000.
    Human males are more polygamously inclined than females. However, there is substantial within-sex variation in polygamous inclinations and practices. This is acknowledged by Gangestad & Simpson but we pose the question: Is the target article's “strategic pluralism” pluralistic enough? In addition, we argue that the hypothesis that the female orgasm is an adaptation for post-copulatory female choice between rival ejaculates demands more research.
  •  46
    In this chapter, we aimed at further characterizing the functional neuroanatomy of the human rapid eye movement (REM) sleep at the population level. We carried out a meta-analysis of a large dataset of positron emission tomography (PET) scans acquired during wakefulness, slow wave sleep and REM sleep, and focused especially on the brain areas in which the activity diminishes during REM sleep. Results show that quiescent regions are confined to the inferior and middle frontal cortex and to the inf…Read more
  •  45
    Multicellular behavior in bacteria: communication, cooperation, competition and cheating
    with Gary M. Dunny and Timothy J. Brickman
    Bioessays 30 (4): 296-298. 2008.
    The sociobiology of bacteria, largely unappreciated and ignored by the microbiology research community two decades ago is now a major research area, catalyzed to a significant degree by studies of communication and cooperative behavior among the myxobacteria and in quorum sensing (QS) and biofilm formation by pseudomonads and other microbes. Recently, the topic of multicellular cooperative behaviors among bacteria has been increasingly considered in the context of evolutionary biology. Here we d…Read more
  •  44
    Remarks on Levy's reflection axiom
    Mathematical Logic Quarterly 39 (1): 79-95. 1993.
    Adding higher types to set theory differs from adding inaccessible cardinals, in that higher type arguments apply to all sets rather than just ordinary ones. Levy's reflection axiom is justified, by considering the principle that we can pretend that the universe is a set, together with methods of Gaifman [8]. We reprove some results of Gaifman, and some facts about Levy's reflection axiom, including the fact that adding higher types yields no new theorems about sets. Some remarks on standard mod…Read more
  •  44
    Igor's Defeat at the Kayala (1185): The Chronicle Evidence
    Mediaeval Studies 63 (1): 245-282. 2001.