•  82
    Cognitive enhancement
    In Judy Illes & Barbara J. Sahakian (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics, Oxford University Press. 2011.
    Cognitive enhancement aims at optimizing a specific class of information-processing functions: cognitive functions, physically realized by the human brain. This article deals with ethical issues in cognitive enhancement. It discusses some standard conceptual issues related to the notion of “cognitive enhancement” and then continues from a purely descriptive point of view by briefly reviewing some empirical aspects and sketching the current situation. Several enhancement strategies are being test…Read more
  •  58
    Autonomy and freedom of choice in prenatal genetic diagnosis
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (1): 65-72. 2002.
    An increase in autonomy and freedom is often considered one ofthe main arguments in favour of a broad use of genetic testing.Starting from Gerald Dworkin's reflections on autonomy and choicethis article examines some of the implications which accompanythe increase in choices offered by prenatal genetic diagnosis.Although personal autonomy and individual choice are importantaspects in the legitimation of prenatal genetic diagnosis, itseems clear that an increase in choice offered by prenatalgenet…Read more
  •  41
    Psychosocial and Ethical Aspects in Non-Invasive EEG-Based BCI Research—A Survey Among BCI Users and BCI Professionals
    with Gerd Grübler, Abdul Al-Khodairy, Robert Leeb, Iolanda Pisotta, Angela Riccio, and Martin Rohm
    Neuroethics 7 (1): 29-41. 2014.
    In this paper, the results of a pilot interview study with 19 subjects participating in an EEG-based non-invasive brain–computer interface (BCI) research study on stroke rehabilitation and assistive technology and of a survey among 17 BCI professionals are presented and discussed in the light of ethical, legal, and social issues in research with human subjects. Most of the users were content with study participation and felt well informed. Negative aspects reported include the long and cumbersom…Read more
  •  36
    This paper discusses current clinical applications and possible future uses of brain-computer interfaces as a means for communication, motor control and entertainment. After giving a brief account of the various approaches to direct brain-computer interaction, the paper will address individual, social and ethical implications of BCI technology to extract signals from the brain. These include reflections on medical and psychosocial benefits and risks, user control, informed consent, autonomy and …Read more
  •  31
    Academic performance enhancement or cognitive enhancement (CE) via stimulant drug use has received increasing attention. The question remains, however, whether CE solely represents the use of drugs for achieving better academic or workplace results or whether CE also serves various other purposes. The aim of this study was to put the phenomenon of pharmacological academic performance enhancement via prescription and illicit (psycho-) stimulant use (Amphetamines, Methylphenidate) among university…Read more
  •  30
    Individual autonomy is a concept highly appreciated in modern Western societies. Its significance is reflected by the central importance and broad use of the model of informed consent in all fields of medicine. In predictive genetic testing, individual autonomy gains particular importance, for what is in focus here is not so much a concrete medical treatment but rather options for taking preventive measures and the influence that the test results have on long-term lifestyle and preferences. Base…Read more
  •  28
    Electrodes in the brain: Some anthropological and ethical aspects of deep brain stimulation
    International Review of Information Ethics 5 (9): 33-39. 2006.
    In the following text, medical, anthropological and ethical issues of deep brain stimulation, a medical technology in which electrodes implanted in the human brain electrically influence specified brain regions, will be discussed. After a brief account of the deep brain stimulation procedure and its chances and risks, anthropological and ethical aspects of the approach will be discussed. These relate to the reversibility of the procedure and to the patient’s capacity to control the effects it ex…Read more
  •  23
    Living longer: age retardation and autonomy (review)
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (2): 179-185. 2009.
    Research into human ageing is a growing field of research with two central foci: geriatric medicine works to reduce the incidence and severity of age-related diseases and disabilities by devising adequate therapeutic and preventive strategies. A second focus, this time in the emerging field of biogerontology, is to bring about a general retardation of the ageing process and by this increase the average and maximum human lifespan. This contribution looks into the second focus, i.e. the possibilit…Read more
  •  20
    Irrgang, B.: 1997, Forschungsethik, Gentechnik und neue Biotechnologie (review)
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 2 (2): 210-211. 1999.
  •  7
    State Neutrality and Psychopharmacological Enhancement
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 1 (2): 51-52. 2010.
  •  6
    Empowering Graduate Students to Address Ethics in Research Environments
    with Kelly Laas, Christine Miller, Stephanie Taylor, and Eric M. Brey
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (3): 542-550. 2019.
    :In this article, we present an educational intervention that embeds ethics education within research laboratories. This structure is designed to assist students in addressing ethical challenges in a more informed way, and to improve the overall ethical culture of research environments. The project seeks to identify factors that students and researchers consider relevant to ethical conduct in science, technology, engineering, and math and to promote the cultivation of an ethical culture in exper…Read more
  •  3
    Neuroenhancement Bubble?—Neuroenhancement Wave!
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (4): 44-45. 2011.
  •  1
    Bottom Up Ethics - Neuroenhancement in Education and Employment
    with Hub Zwart, Márton Varju, Vincent Torre, Helge Torgersen, Winnie Toonders, Han Somsen, Ilina Singh, Simone Seyringer, Júlio Santos, Judit Sándor, Núria Saladié, Gema Revuelta, Alexandre Quintanilha, Salvör Nordal, Anna Meijknecht, Sheena Laursen, Nicole Kronberger, Christian Hofmaier, Juergen Hampel, Peter Eduard, Rui Cunha, Agnes Allansdottir, George Gaskell, and Imre Bard
    Neuroethics 11 (3): 309-322. 2018.
    Neuroenhancement involves the use of neurotechnologies to improve cognitive, affective or behavioural functioning, where these are not judged to be clinically impaired. Questions about enhancement have become one of the key topics of neuroethics over the past decade. The current study draws on in-depth public engagement activities in ten European countries giving a bottom-up perspective on the ethics and desirability of enhancement. This informed the design of an online contrastive vignette expe…Read more
  • Cognitive Enhancement: An Interdisciplinary Perspective (edited book)
    with Andreas G. Franke
    Springer. 2013.
  • The Human Sciences after the Decade of the Brain (edited book)
    with Jon Leefmann
    Elsevier Academic Press. 2017.
    The Human Sciences after the Decade of the Brain brings together exciting new works that address today’s key challenges for a mutual interaction between cognitive neuroscience and the social sciences and humanities. Taking up the methodological and conceptual problems of choosing a neuroscience approach to disciplines such as philosophy, history, ethics and education, the book deepens discussions on a range of epistemological, historical, and sociological questions about the "neuro-turn" in the …Read more
  • Book Reviews-Designing Life? Genetics, Procreation and Ethics
    with Maureen Junker-Kenny
    Bioethics 16 (4): 380-381. 2002.
  • Neuroethics and the Neuroscientific Turn
    In L. Syd M. Johnson & Karen S. Rommelfanger (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics, . pp. 14-32. 2017.
    Stimulated by a general salience of neuroscientific research and the declaration of neuroscience as one of the leading disciplines of the current century, a diversity of disciplines from the social sciences and the humanities have engaged in discussions about the role of the brain in various social and cultural phenomena. The general importance assigned to the brain in so many areas of academic and social life nowadays has been called the ‘neuroscientific turn’. One of the fields that gained par…Read more