•  4
    On the editorial process
    with Christine M. Koggel
    Journal of Global Ethics 16 (3): 257-261. 2020.
    In the Editorial for the previous issue of Journal of Global Ethics, we selected to discuss COVID-19, a global issue affecting very nearly all of us in unprecedented ways. The disease continues as...
  • Editorial
    with Christine M. Koggel
    Journal of Global Ethics 16 (2): 131-137. 2020.
    Journal of Global Ethics maintains a tradition in its issue editorials to survey concerns and accomplishments that pertain to global ethics. There has been much news to report on changing global ci...
  •  3
    Martin Schönfeld
    with Christine M. Koggel
    Journal of Global Ethics 16 (2): 138-138. 2020.
    Courtesy of Diane Liu Martin Schönfeld, co-Editor of Journal of Global Ethics, passed away June 21st. Martin received his first degrees from Regensburg University, he continued in philosophy at Lud...
  •  3
    Éthique Et Économique 17 (1). 2011.
    Full text/Article complet.
  •  4
    Reconciliation, Transitional and Indigenous Justice presents fifteen reflections upon justice twenty years after the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa introduced a new paradigm for political reconciliation in settler and post-colonial societies. The volume considers processes of political reconciliation, appraising the results of South Africa’s Commission, of the recently concluded Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada and of the on-going process of the Waitangi Tri…Read more
  •  2
    Journal of Global Ethics 16 (1): 1-6. 2020.
    Volume 16, Issue 1, April 2020, Page 1-6.
  •  4
    Journal of Global Ethics 10 (3): 239-244. 2014.
  •  19
    Twenty years ago, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa ushered in a new era, bringing new tools for societies engaged in transition toward more just circumstances. In New paths in reconciliation, transitional and Indigenous justice, sixteen authors take stock of South Africa's Commission and related political processes arising more recently in New Zealand and Canada. The collection includes critical assessment of those processes and radical challenges to their assumptions conc…Read more
  •  265
    Case study for Business Ethics, 5000 words. Considers the state of the payday lending market in USA and Canada as of March 2018. Suitable for undergraduate or business school use. Includes the discussion of: Storefront and online payday lending in state/province and national contexts. Applicability of the concept of exploitation to payday lending. Alternatives to payday lending ("Payday Alternative Loans" provided through credit unions, and savings incentive programs that reduce demand for pay…Read more
  •  7
    The shifting patterns of progress
    with Martin Schönfeld and Sirkku Hellsten
    Journal of Global Ethics 13 (3): 241-252. 2017.
  •  17
    with Sirkku Hellsten and Martin Schönfeld
    Journal of Global Ethics 13 (2): 113-119. 2017.
  •  10
    with Sirkku Hellsten
    Journal of Global Ethics 13 (1): 1-3. 2017.
  •  3
    Multinational Corporations and the Social Contract
    Journal of Business Ethics 31 (3): 245-258. 2001.
    The constitutions of many nations have been explicitly or implicitly founded upon principles of the social contract derived from Thomas Hobbes. The Hobbesian egoism at the base of the contract fairly accurately represents the structure of market enterprise. A contractarian analysis may, then, allow for justified or rationally acceptable universal standards to which businesses should conform. This paper proposes general rational restrictions upon multi-national enterprises, and includes a critiqu…Read more
  •  106
    What is development?
    In Lori Keleher & Stacy Kosko (eds.), Ethics, agency and democracy in global development, Cambridge University Press. pp. 49-74. 2019.
    This chapter examines the relation of the Human Development or Capability Approach to liberal political theory. If development is enhancement of capabilities, then this chapter adds that development is human and social: development includes (1) the creation of value as a social process that is (2) a dialectical product of people in their relations. Specifically: (1) The place of the individual within political theory must be revised if the political subject is, as Carol Gould argues, an “individ…Read more
  •  100
    USA and Canada: high income maldevelopment
    In Jay Drydyk & Lori Keleher (eds.), Handbook of Development Ethics, Routledge. pp. 416-423. 2018.
    This 4000 word entry to Routledge’s Handbook of Development Ethics (Jay Drydyk & Lori Keleher, eds., 2018) considers development within United States of America and Canada. Indigenous peoples and their nations are also featured. Canada and USA are both characterized by the UN Development Program as maintaining very high human development. Addressable weaknesses are nevertheless evident when performance is compared, for example, with OECD member nations. This entry focuses upon such comparison, …Read more
  •  433
    Descartes And The Possibility Of Science (review)
    Isis 93 (3): 485-486. 2002.
    How must we and the world be constituted if science is possible? René Descartes had some ideas: For example, he wrote in 1639 to Marin Mersenne, “The imagination, which is the part of the mind that most helps mathematics, is more of a hindrance than a help in metaphysical speculation.” In another missive he suggested that, “besides [local] memory, which depends on the body, I believe there is also another one, entirely intellectual, which depends on the soul alone” (pp. 59, 52). Peter Schouls m…Read more
  •  44
    This entry focuses upon the current state of microlending activity, and particularly for-profit activity, with ethical analysis of such lending, particularly as it pertains to prospects for poverty alleviation and development for the global poor. Several specific events have lately altered the characteristics of microlending and the general assessments of its prospects: most notably the collapse of the for-profit microfinance market in Andhra Pradesh late in 2010 and research previously pursued …Read more
  •  51
    Jonathan I. Israel claims that Christian ‘controversialists’ endeavoured first to obscure or efface Spinozism, materialism, and non-authoritarian free thought, and then, in the early eighteenth century, to fight these openly, and desperately. Israel appears to have adopted the view of enlightenment as a battle against what Voltaire has called ‘l’infâme’, and David Hume has labelled ‘stupidity, Christianity, and ignorance’. These authors’ barbs were launched later in the century, however, in the …Read more
  •  50
    This entry provides an overview of business responsibilities with regard to international development and human and social development in less developed nations. Areas of ethical concern have grown in variety and complexity as understanding of development has changed from such narrow economic treatment in the era following World War II to the present. This entry traces that growth and considers responsibilities of multinational business engaging directly with and subcontracting in the developing…Read more
  •  638
    Pangloss Identified
    French Studies Bulletin 84 (Autumn): 7-10. 2002.
    Scholars have associated the character of Pangloss in Voltaire’s Candide variously with the ideas of Gottfried Leibniz, Alexander Pope, and Christian Wolff. With them he is associated, but on whom is he modeled? Pangloss is the image of a French popularizer of science celebrated in his day but little noticed in ours: Noël Antoine Pluche (1688-1761), the author of a highly popular work, Le Spectacle de la Nature.
  •  42
    Candide (edited book)
    with François-Marie Arouet Voltaire
    Broadview. 2009.
    Voltaire’s classic novel Candide relates the misadventures of a young optimist who leaves his sheltered childhood to find his way in a cruel and irrational world. Fast-paced and full of dark humor, the novel mocks the suggestion that “all is well” and challenges us to create a better world. This Broadview Edition follows the text of a 1759 English translation that was released concurrently with Voltaire's first French edition. Candide is supplemented by Voltaire's most important poetic and human…Read more
  •  454
    Multinational corporations and the social contract
    Journal of Business Ethics 31 (3). 2001.
    The constitutions of many nations have been explicitly or implicitly founded upon principles of the social contract derived from Thomas Hobbes. The Hobbesian egoism at the base of the contract fairly accurately represents the structure of market enterprise. A contractarian analysis may, then, allow for justified or rationally acceptable universal standards to which businesses should conform. This paper proposes general rational restrictions upon multi-national enterprises, and includes a critiqu…Read more
  •  6
    with Sirkku Hellsten
    Journal of Global Ethics 10 (2): 123-127. 2014.
    Introduction of material contained in this journal issue. Various notices of recent global events. Notice of International Development Ethics Association 2014 conference.
  •  187
    The Balance of Sovereignty and Common Goods Under Economic Globalization
    Philosophy in the Contemporary World 12 (2): 46-52. 2005.
    Common goods and political sovereignty of nation-states are intertwined, since without government the orderly treatment of common goods would be unlikely. But large corporations, especially global multinationals, reshape and restrict national sovereignty through economic forces. Consequently, corporations have specific social responsibilities. This article articulates those responsibilities as they pertain to managing common goods.
  •  46
    Vulnerability and empowerment are central concepts of contemporary development theory and ethics. Vulnerability associated with human interdependence is a wellspring of values in care ethics, while vulnerability arising from social problems demands remedy, of which empowerment is frequently the just form. Development planners and aid providers focus upon improving the wellbeing of the most vulnerable – especially women – by empowering them economically, socially and politically. -/- Both vulnera…Read more
  •  399
    How to Succeed in Science While Really, Really Trying: The Central European Savant of the Mid-Eighteenth Century (review)
    Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (1): 167-73. 2015.
    What is the scientist’s work? Philosophers may turn to theory and to its relation to observation; historians are more inclined to turn to the scientists themselves and the situation the scientists find themselves in. Why do scientists work as they do, and what effect does the world they inhabit have on their productivity and their product? Those are more the historians’ questions. They might appear to converge with the philosophers’ own in this: What does it take to be a successful scientist? Ye…Read more
  •  12
    with Sirkku Hellsten
    Journal of Global Ethics 11 (3): 257-261. 2015.
    Introduction of material contained in this journal issue. Note of current refugee crisis.
  •  172
    Real Corporate Responsibility
    In John Hooker & Peter Madsen (eds.), International Corporate Responsibility Series, Carnegie Mellon University Press. pp. 69-84. 2004.
    The Call for Papers for this conference suggests the topic, “international codes of business conduct.” This paper is intended to present a shift from a discussion of codes, or constraints to be placed upon business, to an entirely different topic: to responsibility, which yields duty, and the reciprocal concept, right. Beyond the framework of external regulation and codes of conduct, voluntary or otherwise, lies another possible accounting system: one of real corporate responsibility, which aris…Read more
  •  224
    Descartes on Nothing in Particular
    In Rocco J. Gennaro & Charles Huenemann (eds.), New Essays on the Rationalists, Oxford University Press. pp. 26-47. 1999.
    How coherent is Descartes' conception of vacuum in the Principles? Descartes' arguments attacking the possibility of vacuum are difficult to read and to understand because they reply to several distinct threads of discussion. I separate two strands that have received little careful attention: the scholastic topic of annihilation of space, particularly represented in Albert of Saxony, and the physical arguments concerning vacuum in Galileo that are also continued after the publication of the Prin…Read more
  •  275
    Philosophy of Science and History of Science: A Productive Engagement
    Dissertation, University of California, San Diego. 1991.
    Philosophy of science and history of science both have a significant relation to science itself; but what is their relation to each other? That question has been a focal point of philosophical and historical work throughout the second half of this century. An analysis and review of the progress made in dealing with this question, and especially that made in philosophy, is the focus of this thesis. Chapter one concerns logical positivist and empiricist approaches to philosophy of science, and the…Read more