•  5
    When faced with intertemporal choices, which have consequences that unfold over time, we often discount the future, preferring smaller immediate rewards often at the expense of long-term benefits. How psychologically connected one feels to one’s future self-influences such temporal discounting. Psychological connectedness consists in sharing psychological properties with past or future selves, but connectedness comes in degrees. If one feels that one is not psychologically connected to one’s fut…Read more
  •  7
    Artifacts and affordances
    Synthese 1-20. forthcoming.
    What are the affordances of artifacts? One view is that the affordances of artifacts, just as the affordances of natural objects, pertain to possible ways in which they can be manipulated. Another view maintains that, given that artifacts are sociocultural objects, their affordances pertain primarily to their culturally-derived function. Whereas some have tried to provide a unifying notion of affordance to capture both aspects, here I argue that they should be kept separate. In this paper, I int…Read more
  •  7
    In the evolutionary theory, a central tenet is that complex forms evolved from simpler ones, according to a bottom-up process. When it comes to the evolution of language, however, a bottom-up approach is problematic. In this case, such an approach often assumes that minimal units that are inflexibly associated to their meaning come first, where the wider discourse is only a later product. In the present paper, I shall argue that we need to assume a top-down perspective on language evolution, whi…Read more
  • I Segni Del Soggetto: Tra Filosofia E Scienze Cognitive (edited book)
    with Sonia Vazzano
    Carocci. 2007.
  •  37
    According to Chomsky, creativity is a critical property of human language, particularly the aspect of ?the creative use of language? concerning the appropriateness to a situation. How language can be creative but appropriate to a situation is an unsolvable mystery from the Chomskyan point of view. We propose that language appropriateness can be explained by considering the role of the human capacity for Mental Time Travel at its foundation, together with social and ecological intelligences withi…Read more
  • Cognitive foundations of the narrative self.
    with Francesco Ferretti
    Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 6 (2): 311-324. 2015.
  •  99
    Communication as Navigation: A New Role for Consciousness in Language
    with Francesco Ferretti
    Topoi 33 (1): 263-274. 2014.
    Classical cognitive science has been characterized by an association with the computational theory of mind. Although this association has produced highly significant results, it has also limited the scope of scientific psychology. In this paper, we analyse the limits of the specific kind of computational model represented by the Chomskian-Fodorian tradition in the study of mind and language. In our opinion, the adhesion to the principle of formality imposed by this specific computational model h…Read more
  • Embodied pragmatics and the evolution of language.
    Humana.Mente Journal of Philosophical Studies 27 61-78. 2014.
  •  247
    Processing Narrative Coherence: Towards a top-down model of discourse.
    with Ines Adornetti and Francesco Ferretti
    Open Access Series in Informatics (OASICS) 32 61-75. 2013.
    Models of discourse and narration elaborated within the classical compositional framework have been characterized as bottom-up models, according to which discourse analysis proceeds incrementally, from phrase and sentence local meaning to discourse global meaning. In this paper we will argue against these models. Assuming as a case study the issue of discourse coherence, we suggest that the assessment of coherence is a top-down process, in which the construction of a situational interpretation a…Read more
  •  70
    Self in time and language
    Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3): 777-783. 2011.
    Time has been considered a crucial factor in distinguishing between two levels of self-awareness: the “core,” or “minimal self,” and the “extended,” or “narrative self.” Herein, I focus on this last concept of the self and, in particular, on the relationship between the narrative self and language. In opposition to the claim that the narrative self is a linguistic construction, my idea is that it is created by the functioning of mental time travel, that is, the faculty of human beings to project…Read more