•  16
    The Bodily Theory of Pain
    Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1-19. forthcoming.
    One use of the noun ‘pain’ is exemplified in sentences like ‘There is a pain in my foot’. According to the Experiential Theory, ‘pain’ in this context refers to an experience located in the mind or brain. According to the Bodily Theory, it refers to an extra-cranial bodily occurrence located in a body part. In this paper, I defend the Bodily Theory. Specifically, I argue that pains are proximal activations of nociceptors that cause experiences of pain. This view is preferable to the Experiential…Read more
  •  16
    Does the Brain Think?
    Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1-20. forthcoming.
    It is common in cognitive science to ascribe psychological predicates to the brain, i.e. to assert that the brain sees, feels, thinks, etc. This has prompted philosophical debate. According to the Nonsense View, the relevant locutions of cognitive scientists are nonsensical or false. According to the Literal View, they are literal truths and report the psychological properties of brains. In this paper, I propose the Synecdoche View, according to which cognitive scientists’ locutions are figurati…Read more
  •  43
    Wittgenstein's Critique of Moore in On Certainty
    Nordic Wittgenstein Review 6 (2): 71-84. 2017.
    This paper clarifies Wittgenstein’s critique of Moore in _On Certainty,_ and argues that this critique is largely misunderstood, for two reasons. Firstly, Wittgenstein partly misrepresents Moore. Secondly, Wittgenstein is wrongly taken to be an internalist regarding justification for knowledge. Once we realize these two points, we can understand Wittgenstein’s critique properly as a grammatical argument in that Moore fails to see how the concepts of knowledge and certainty relate to those of jus…Read more