•  110
    Human Dignity and Transhumanism: Do Anthro-Technological Devices Have Moral Status?
    American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7): 45-52. 2010.
    In this paper, I focus on the concept of human dignity and critically assess whether such a concept, as used in the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, is indeed a useful tool for bioethical debates. However, I consider this concept within the context of the development of emerging technologies, that is, with a particular focus on transhumanism. The question I address is not whether attaching artificial limbs or enhancing particular traits or capacities would dehumanize or undig…Read more
  •  95
    Can medicalization be good? Situating medicalization within bioethics
    with John Z. Sadler, Simon Craddock Lee, and Stephen Inrig
    Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (6): 411-425. 2009.
    Medicalization has been a process articulated primarily by social scientists, historians, and cultural critics. Comparatively little is written about the role of bioethics in appraising medicalization as a social process. The authors consider what medicalization means, its definition, functions, and criteria for assessment. A series of brief case sketches illustrate how bioethics can contribute to the analysis and public policy discussion of medicalization.
  •  95
    Beyond therapy and enhancement: The alteration of human nature (review)
    NanoEthics 2 (1): 15-23. 2008.
    With the rapid progress and considerable promise of nanobiotechnology/neurosciences there is the potential of transforming the very nature of human beings and of how humans can conceive of themselves as rational animals through technological innovations. The interface between humans and machines (neuro-digital interface), can potentially alter what it means to be human, i.e., the very idea of human nature and of normal functioning will be changed. In this paper, I argue that we are potentially o…Read more
  •  88
    The Hippocratic Oath, the Hippocratic tradition, and Hippocratic ethics are widely invoked in the popular medical culture as conveying a direction to medical practice and the medical profession. This study critically addresses these invocations of Hippocratic guideposts, noting that reliance on the Hippocratic ethos and the Oath requires establishingwhat the Oath meant to its author, its original community of reception, and generally for ancient medicine what relationships contemporary invocatio…Read more
  •  75
    Bioethics as biopolitics
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (3). 2006.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  73
    At the Roots of Transhumanism: From the Enlightenment to a Post-Human Future
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (6): 617-621. 2010.
    (No abstract is available for this citation)
  •  62
    Ethics and Informed Consent of Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) for Patients with Treatment-Resistant Depression (TRD)
    with Fabrice Jotterand, Shawn M. McClintock, Archie A. Alexander, and Mustafa M. Husain
    Neuroethics 3 (1): 13-22. 2010.
    Since the Nuremberg trials (1947–1949), informed consent has become central for ethical practice in patient care and biomedical research. Codes of ethics emanating from the Nuremberg Code (1947) recognize the importance of protecting patients and research subjects from abuses, manipulation and deception. Informed consent empowers individuals to autonomously and voluntarily accept or reject participation in either clinical treatment or research. In some cases, however, the underlying mental or ph…Read more
  •  39
    The precautionary principle: A dialectical reconsideration
    with H. Tristram Engelhardt
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (3). 2004.
    This essay examines an overlooked element of the precautionary principle: a prudent assessment of the long-range or remote catastrophes possibly associated with technological development must include the catastrophes that may take place because of the absence of such technologies. In short, this brief essay attempts to turn the precautionary principle on its head by arguing that, (1) if the long-term survival of any life form is precarious, and if the survival of the current human population is …Read more
  •  35
    Psychopathy, neurotechnologies, and neuroethics
    Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (1): 1-6. 2014.
    In the last decade, a series of acts of violence has increased the interest in understanding what prompts individuals to engage in serial killing, bombing, and other violent acts. The shootings of Columbine, Newtown, and Aurora in the United States, and of Oslo in Norway, 9/11, and the recent bombing during the Boston Marathon have raised questions of how to thwart such tragedies as well as of how to detect and possibly “control” individuals posing a threat to public safety. In addition, the lat…Read more
  •  33
    Questioning the Moral Enhancement Project
    American Journal of Bioethics 14 (4): 1-3. 2014.
    No abstract
  •  25
    Neither convention nor constitution - what the debate on stem cell research tells us about the status of the common european ethics
    with Kurt W. Schmidt and Carlo Foppa
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (5). 2004.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  21
    The aim of this thesis is to examine the concept of virtue ethics in Stanley Hauerwas's understanding of virtue and delineate how that contributes to his ethical reasoning and his comprehension of medical ethics. The first chapter focuses on the shift that occurred in moral theory under the stance of the Enlightenment that eroded the traditional idea of morality as the formation of the self, allowing space for new concepts that dismissed the importance of the agent in the ethical task of seeking…Read more
  •  16
    There is a growing literature in neuroethics dealing with the problem of cognitive neuroenhancement for healthy adults. However, discussions on this topic have tended to focus on abstract theoretical positions while concrete policy proposals and detailed models are scarce. Furthermore, discussions tend to rely solely on data from the US, while international perspectives are mostly neglected. Therefore, there is a need for a volume that deals with cognitive enhancement comprehensively in three im…Read more
  •  16
    Review of David M. Berube, Nano-Hype. The Truth Behind the Nanotechnology Buzz.1 (review)
    American Journal of Bioethics 7 (8): 54-55. 2007.
    No abstract
  •  15
    In this article we critically examine the principle of equivalence of care in prison medicine. First, we provide an overview of how the principle of equivalence is utilized in various national and international guidelines on health care provision to prisoners. Second, we outline some of the problems associated with its applications, and argue that the principle of equivalence should go beyond equivalence to access and include equivalence of outcomes. However, because of the particular context of…Read more
  •  12
    Patient education as empowerment and self-rebiasing
    with Antonio Amodio and Bernice S. Elger
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (4): 553-561. 2016.
  •  11
  •  9
    “Virtue Engineering” and Moral Agency: Will Post-Humans Still Need the Virtues?
    American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (4): 3-9. 2011.
  •  8
    Ethical Design of Intelligent Assistive Technologies for Dementia: A Descriptive Review
    with Marcello Ienca, Tenzin Wangmo, Reto W. Kressig, and Bernice Elger
    Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (4): 1035-1055. 2018.
    The use of Intelligent Assistive Technology in dementia care opens the prospects of reducing the global burden of dementia and enabling novel opportunities to improve the lives of dementia patients. However, with current adoption rates being reportedly low, the potential of IATs might remain under-expressed as long as the reasons for suboptimal adoption remain unaddressed. Among these, ethical and social considerations are critical. This article reviews the spectrum of IATs for dementia and inve…Read more
  •  8
    The debate over moral bioenhancement has incrementally intensified since 2008, when Persson and Savulescu, and Douglas wrote two separate articles on the reasons why enhancing human moral capabilities and sensitivity through technological means was ethically desirable. In this article, we offer a critique of how Persson and Savulescu theorize about the possibility of moral bioenhancement, including the problem of weakness of will, which they see as a motivational challenge. First, we offer a wor…Read more
  •  8
    The Politicization of Science and Technology: Its Implications for Nanotechnology
    Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4): 658-666. 2006.
    The development of nanotechnology intensifies challenges to the traditional understanding of how to pursue scientific and technological knowledge. Science can no longer be construed simply as the ideal of the quest for truth . Science has become the source of economic power and political power. In this paper, I argue that nanotechnology is a cardinal exemplar of “this politicization.” At the same time, I assert that this new scientific ethos offers the possibility of a better integration of ethi…Read more
  • The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn: A Pellegrino Reader (edited book)
    with H. Tristram Engelhardt
    University of Notre Dame Press. 2008.
    Edmund D. Pellegrino has played a central role in shaping the fields of bioethics and the philosophy of medicine. His writings encompass original explorations of the healing relationship, the need to place humanism in the medical curriculum, the nature of the patient’s good, and the importance of a virtue-based normative ethics for health care. In this anthology, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., and Fabrice Jotterand have created a rich presentation of Pellegrino’s thought and its development. Pelle…Read more