•  1
    El concepto de fenómeno en el joven Heidegger
    Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 8 234-256. 2008.
  •  15
    Heidegger y el cristianismo de San Pablo y San Agustín
    Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 7 28-46. 2007.
  • The concept of phenomenon by the young Heidegger
    Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 8 234-256. 2008.
    This work discusses the Young Heidegger’s determination of the concept of phenomenon. This will give us the basis to elucidate in which sense he does phenomenology or, in other words, which is the idea of philosophy which can be encountered under the title of phenomenological hermeneutic. Following the understanding of the concept of phenomenon as a philosophical concept, that is, as a formal indication, we will ask ourselves: 1) How is taken under consideration what is phenomenologically resear…Read more
  •  9
    The concept of phenomenon in the early Heidegger. [Spanish]
    Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 8 234-256. 2008.
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  •  16
    The Moral Status of AI Entities
    In Francisco Lara & Jan Deckers (eds.), Ethics of Artificial Intelligence, Springer Nature Switzerland. pp. 59-83. 2023.
    The emergence of AI is posing serious challenges to standard conceptions of moral status. New non-biological entities are able to act and make decisions rationally. The question arises, in this regard, as to whether AI systems possess or can possess the necessary properties to be morally considerable. In this chapter, we have undertaken a systematic analysis of the various debates that are taking place about the moral status of AI. First, we have discussed the possibility that AI systems, by vir…Read more
  • El ser-en como tal
    In Ramón Rodríguez & Francisco de Lara (eds.), Ser y tiempo de Martin Heidegger: un comentario fenomenológico, Tecnos. 2015.
  •  47
    Many of our daily activities are now made more convenient and efficient by virtual assistants, and the day when they can be designed to instruct us in certain skills, such as those needed to make moral judgements, is not far off. In this paper we ask to what extent it would be ethically acceptable for these so-called virtual assistants for moral enhancement to use subtle strategies, known as “nudges”, to influence our decisions. To achieve our goal, we will first characterise nudges in their sta…Read more
  •  5
    Introduction
    with Jan Deckers
    In Francisco Lara & Jan Deckers (eds.), Ethics of Artificial Intelligence, Springer Nature Switzerland. pp. 1-9. 2023.
    A significant stimulus for co-editing a book on AI ethics comes from a collaboration between Francisco Lara and Jan Deckers that started when Francisco spent some time, in 2017, as a visiting researcher in the School of Medicine at Newcastle University (United Kingdom). Both of us had been interested for quite some time in the ethics of human enhancement by biotechnological means. Both saw significant problems with these ambitions and associated technologies, recognising at the same time the val…Read more
  •  31
    Ethics of Artificial Intelligence (edited book)
    with Jan Deckers
    Springer Nature Switzerland. 2023.
    This book presents the reader with a comprehensive and structured understanding of the ethics of Artificial Intelligence (AI). It describes the main ethical questions that arise from the use of AI in different areas, as well as the contribution of various academic disciplines such as legal policy, environmental sciences, and philosophy of technology to the study of AI. AI has become ubiquitous and is significantly changing our lives, in many cases, for the better, but it comes with ethical chall…Read more
  •  14
    Entrefenomenología y hermenéutica: "in memoriam Franco Volpi" (edited book)
    with Franco Volpi
    Plaza y Valdés Editores. 2011.
    Los trabajos que componen este libro se adentran en eso que ha llegado a verse como un campo de estudio asegurado, pero que más bien parece un arco en problemática tensión: el que se forma al pretender conjuntar la fenomenología “y” la hermenéutica. La particularidad de Heidegger consiste tanto en haber tensado ese arco como en haber abandonado después su propio intento, tan fructífero para otros. Por ello, Heidegger es −junto a Gadamer− el interlocutor principal de estos escritos. El libro tien…Read more
  •  7
    Ser y tiempo de Martin Heidegger: un comentario fenomenológico (edited book)
    with Ramón Rodríguez
    Tecnos. 2015.
  •  59
    AI-powered recommender systems and the preservation of personal autonomy
    with Juan Ignacio del Valle
    AI and Society 1-13. forthcoming.
    Recommender Systems (RecSys) have been around since the early days of the Internet, helping users navigate the vast ocean of information and the increasingly available options that have been available for us ever since. The range of tasks for which one could use a RecSys is expanding as the technical capabilities grow, with the disruption of Machine Learning representing a tipping point in this domain, as in many others. However, the increase of the technical capabilities of AI-powered RecSys di…Read more
  •  8
    Apologetics as a rigorous science. Critical analysis of Heidegger's writings in 1911
    Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 51 35-56. 2022.
    Resumen: El artículo analiza los escritos de Heidegger de 1911 sobre el “juramento modernista” exigido por Pío X. En la discusión de Heidegger con el liberalismo encontramos tensiones políticas que se mantienen hasta nuestros días. La separación efectiva entre Iglesia y Estado, la pretensión de una educación laica, el rol neutro de un Estado al que grupos ultraconservadores acusan de parcial e ideológico, son algunos de los problemas que aparecen en esta polémica.: The article analyzes Heidegger…Read more
  •  11
    Los modelos de análisis fenomenológico del joven Heidegger. Una discusión sobre el lugar político de la filosofía
    Pensamiento. Revista de Investigación E Información Filosófica 74 (281): 603-621. 2018.
    El presente trabajo pretende ser un aporte a la discusión actual sobre las implicaciones políticas de la filosofía de Heidegger. A tal efecto, se remonta a la filosofía del joven Heidegger y presenta los dos grandes modelos de análisis fenomenológico que éste pone en marcha en sus primeros cursos de Friburgo. Gracias a ello se vuelve posible hacer explícitas sus convicciones acerca del objeto y el sentido de la filosofía, así como sobre la relación de ésta con lo que el mismo Heidegger considera…Read more
  •  31
    The political gesture of Heidegger’s philosophies: Contribution to a current debate
    Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 31 73-86. 2014.
    El artículo pretende contribuir a la discusión actual en torno al «caso Heidegger». En concreto, se intentarán mostrar tres gestos políticos correspondientes a tres momentos distintos de la evolución de su pensamiento: el neokantismo, la fenomenología hermenéutica y la ontohistoria. Se planteará hasta qué punto son distintos estos gestos, qué tienen en común y, sobre todo, qué lugar político se le concede a la filosofía en ellos. This paper aims to contribute to the current discussion around the…Read more
  •  33
    RESUMEN: El artículo expone el programa filosófico de Heidegger en su cursoProblemas fundamentales de la fenomenología de 1919/20 y destaca su concepto de concreción. Por esa vía se explicita cuál es para Heidegger el asunto y la tarea de la filosofía. Finalmente, se lleva a cabo una crítica de sus pretensiones tanto de concreción como de formalidad, mostrando que ambas están lastradas por varios prejuicios. Para finalizar, se ponen de relieve, también de forma crítica, algunas consecuencias fen…Read more
  •  15
    El gesto político de las filosofías de Heidegger: Contribución a un debate actual
    Veritas: Revista de Filosofía y Teología 31 73-86. 2014.
  •  11
    El texto rinde un homenaje a Ramón Rodríguez a partir de una revisión de dos aspectos. Por un lado, el modo como el autor llegó a conocer el trabajo de Ramón Rodríguez y el impacto que tuvo en sus propias investigaciones. Por otro lado, la importancia que su libro La transformación hermenéutica de la fenomenología posee en el marco de los estudios heideggerianos. En especial, se destaca su lectura de la intencionalidad, la intuición hermenéutica y la indicación formal. El objetivo final es mostr…Read more
  •  14
    El presente artículo analiza los primeros escritos de Heidegger, en el contexto de sus orígenes católicos y antimodernos, a fin de mostrar en ellos una serie de aspectos característicos. La pretensión final consiste en poner de relieve los elementos valorativos y cosmovisionales que dirigen el pensamiento de Heidegger en sus inicios. De ese modo, se vuelve posible dejar planteada la pregunta de si dichos elementos no siguen jugando un papel decisivo, aunque menos visible ya, en toda la filosofía…Read more
  •  5
    El presente trabajo pretende ser un aporte a la discusión actual sobre las implicaciones políticas de la filosofía de Heidegger. A tal efecto, se remonta a la filosofía del joven Heidegger y presenta los dos grandes modelos de análisis fenomenológico que éste pone en marcha en sus primeros cursos de Friburgo. Gracias a ello se vuelve posible hacer explícitas sus convicciones acerca del objeto y el sentido de la filosofía, así como sobre la relación de ésta con lo que el mismo Heidegger considera…Read more
  •  22
    The new biotechnology raises expectations for modifying human behaviour through its use. This article focuses on the ethical analysis of the not so remote possibility of rehabilitating criminals by means of neurotechnological techniques. The analysis is carried out from a synthetic position of, on the one hand, the consequentialist conception of what is right and, on the other hand, the emphasis on individual liberties. As a result, firstly, the ethical appropriateness of adopting a general pred…Read more
  •  26
    Moral bioenhancements and the future of utilitarianism
    Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 11 (3-4): 217-230. 2021.
    Utilitarianism has been able to respond to many of the objections raised against it by undertaking a major revision of its theory. Basically, this consisted of recognising that its early normative propositions were only viable for agents very different from flesh-and-blood humans. They then deduced that, given human limitations, it was most useful for everyone if moral agents did not behave as utilitarians and habitually followed certain rules. Important recent advances in neurotechnology sugges…Read more
  •  589
    Erick J. Ramirez, Miles Elliott and Per‑Erik Milam (2021) have recently claimed that using Virtual Reality (VR) as an educational nudge to promote empathy is unethical. These authors argue that the influence exerted on the participant through virtual simulation is based on the deception of making them believe that they are someone else when this is impossible. This makes the use of VR for empathy enhancement a manipulative strategy in itself. In this article, we show that Ramirez et al.’s ethica…Read more
  •  54
    Why a Virtual Assistant for Moral Enhancement When We Could have a Socrates?
    Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (4): 1-27. 2021.
    Can Artificial Intelligence be more effective than human instruction for the moral enhancement of people? The author argues that it only would be if the use of this technology were aimed at increasing the individual's capacity to reflectively decide for themselves, rather than at directly influencing behaviour. To support this, it is shown how a disregard for personal autonomy, in particular, invalidates the main proposals for applying new technologies, both biomedical and AI-based, to moral enh…Read more
  •  35
    Doctor, please make me freer: Capabilities enhancement as a goal of medicine
    with Jon Rueda and Pablo García-Barranquero
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy (3): 409-419. 2021.
    Biomedical innovations are making possible the enhancement of human capabilities. There are two philosophical stances on the role that medicine should play in this respect. On the one hand, naturalism rejects every medical intervention that goes beyond preventing and treating disease. On the other hand, welfarism advocates enhancements that foster subjective well-being. We will show that both positions have considerable shortcomings. Consequently, we will introduce a third characterization in wh…Read more
  •  742
    Virtual Reality and Empathy Enhancement: Ethical Aspects
    with Jon Rueda
    Frontiers in Robotics and AI 7. 2020.
    The history of humankind is full of examples that indicate a constant desire to make human beings more moral. Nowadays, technological breakthroughs might have a significant impact on our moral character and abilities. This is the case of Virtual Reality (VR) technologies. The aim of this paper is to consider the ethical aspects of the use of VR in enhancing empathy. First, we will offer an introduction to VR, explaining its fundamental features, devices and concepts. Then, we will approach the c…Read more
  •  10
    The paper presents the philosophical project outlined by Marcuse in his work Contributions to a phenomenology of historical materialism from three different points of view. First, it sketches the discussion context in which this work is placed. then, it explains the critical way in which Marcuse appropriates some of the topics developed in Being and time. Lastly, it indicates the reception that Heidegger made of this original interpretation of his own work.