• Utrecht University
    Department for Philosophy and Religious Studies
    Professor (Part-time)
Utrecht University
Department for Philosophy and Religious Studies
PhD, 1997
Areas of Interest
Applied Ethics
Normative Ethics
  •  123
    Beyond the Prevention of Harm: Animal Disease Policy as a Moral Question
    with Franck L. B. Meijboom, Nina Cohen, and Elsbeth N. Stassen
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (6): 559-571. 2009.
    European animal disease policy seems to find its justification in a “harm to other” principle. Limiting the freedom of animal keepers—e.g., by culling their animals—is justified by the aim to prevent harm, i.e., the spreading of the disease. The picture, however, is more complicated. Both during the control of outbreaks and in the prevention of notifiable, animal diseases the government is confronted with conflicting claims of stakeholders who anticipate running a risk to be harmed by each other…Read more
  •  84
    In this paper, we present and defend the theoretical framework of an empirical model to describe people’s fundamental moral attitudes (FMAs) to animals, the stratification of FMAs in society and the role of FMAs in judgment on the culling of healthy animals in an animal disease epidemic. We used philosophical animal ethics theories to understand the moral basis of FMA convictions. Moreover, these theories provide us with a moral language for communication between animal ethics, FMAs, and public …Read more
  •  66
    Intrinsic value and direct duties: From animal ethics towards environmental ethics? (review)
    with Robert Heeger
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2): 241-252. 2001.
    Three types of concern for animal welfare are widelyheld: Animals should feel well, they should function well, andthey should lead natural lives. The paper deals with a well-knownanswer to the question of why such concerns are morallyappropriate: Human beings have direct duties towards animals,because animals are beings that can flourish, the flourishing ofanimals is intrinsically or inherently valuable, and that whichis conducive to their flourishing is a legitimate object of moralconcern. Look…Read more
  •  65
    Food, consumer concerns, and trust: Food ethics for a globalizing market (review)
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 12 (2): 127-139. 2000.
    The use of biotechnology in food productiongives rise to consumer concerns. The term ``consumerconcern'' is often used as a container notion. Itincludes concerns about food safety, environmental andanimal welfare consequences of food productionsystems, and intrinsic moral objections againstgenetic modification. In order to create clarity adistinction between three different kinds of consumerconcern is proposed. Consumer concerns can be seen assigns of loss of trust. Maintaining consumer trustask…Read more
  •  61
    Ethical tools to support systematic public deliberations about the ethical aspects of agricultural biotechnologies
    with Volkert Beekman
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (1): 3-12. 2007.
    This special issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics presents so-called ethical tools that are developed to support systematic public deliberations about the ethical aspects of agricultural biotechnologies. This paper firstly clarifies the intended connotations of the term “ethical tools” and argues that such tools can support liberal democracies to cope with the issues that are raised by the application of genetic modification and other modern biotechnologies in agricultur…Read more
  •  51
    A plea to implement robustness into a breeding goal: poultry as an example
    with L. Star, E. D. Ellen, and K. Uitdehaag
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (2): 109-125. 2008.
    The combination of breeding for increased production and the intensification of housing conditions have resulted in increased occurrence of behavioral, physiological, and immunological disorders. These disorders affect health and welfare of production animals negatively. For future livestock systems, it is important to consider how to manage and breed production animals. In this paper, we will focus on selective breeding of laying hens. Selective breeding should not only be defined in terms of p…Read more
  •  46
    Scope of the journal
    with Richard P. Haynes
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 103-109. 2004.
  •  41
    Ethics and Sustainability: Guest or Guide? On Sustainability as a Moral Ideal (review)
    with Franck L. B. Meijboom
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (2): 117-121. 2012.
    Ethics and Sustainability: Guest or Guide? On Sustainability as a Moral Ideal Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s10806-011-9322-6 Authors Franck L. B. Meijboom, Ethics Institute, Utrecht University, Janskerkhof 13a, 3512 BL Utrecht, The Netherlands Frans W. A. Brom, Ethics Institute, Utrecht University, Janskerkhof 13a, 3512 BL Utrecht, The Netherlands Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863
  •  40
    To act or not to act? Sheltering animals from the wild: A pluralistic account of a conflict between animal and environmental ethics
    with Bernice Bovenkerk, Frans Stafleu, Ronno Tramper, and Jan Vorstenbosch
    Ethics, Place and Environment 6 (1). 2003.
    The leading question of this article is whether it is acceptable, from a moral point of view, to take wild animals that are ill out of their natural habitat and temporarily bring them under human control with the purpose of curing them. To this end the so-called 'seal debate' was examined. In the Netherlands, seals that are lost or ill are rescued and taken into shelters, where they are cured and afterwards reintroduced into their natural environment. Recently, this practice has been criticised …Read more
  •  35
    The good life of creatures with dignity some comments on the swiss expert opinion
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (1): 53-63. 2000.
    The notion of Dignity of Creatures has been voted into the Swiss Federal Constitution by a plebiscite. Philipp Balzer, Klaus-Peter Rippe, and Peter Schaber have given an expert opinion for the Swiss government to clarify the notion of Dignity of Creatures. According to them, by voting this notion into the Swiss constitution, the Swiss have chosen for a limited biocentric approach towards biotechnology. In such an approach genetic engineering of non-human beings is only allowed insofar that their…Read more
  •  35
    From the editors
    with Michael J. Reiss, Richard P. Haynes, and Jan D. Elliott
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2): 1-3. 2001.
  •  33
    WTO, public reason and food public reasoning in the 'trade conflict' on GM-Food
    Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 7 (4): 417-431. 2004.
    Food trade is of economic importance for both developed and developing countries. Food, however, is a special commodity. Firstly, the lack of food -- hunger, under-nourishment, and starvation -- is one of the world's pressing moral problems. But food is not only special because it is necessary for our survival; food is also special because it is strongly related to our social and cultural identity. Two recent transatlantic trade conflicts over food -- over the use of artificial growth hormones i…Read more
  •  32
    Legislation on ethical issues: Towards an interactive paradigm (review)
    with Wibren Van der Burg
    Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (1): 57-75. 2000.
    In this article, we sketch a new approach to law and ethics. The traditional paradigm, exemplified in the debate on liberal moralism, becomes increasingly inadequate. Its basic assumptions are that there are clear moral norms of positive or critical morality, and that making statutory norms is an effective method to have citizens conform to those norms. However, for many ethical issues that are on the legislative agenda, e.g. with respect to bioethics and anti-discrimination law, the moral norms…Read more
  •  26
    The quiet before the storm: anticipating developments in synthetic biology
    with Ruth Mampuys
    Poiesis and Praxis 7 (3): 151-168. 2010.
    Synthetic biology aims at designing biological systems, at building ‘living machines’. The emergence of synthetic biology has reignited the cycle of public debate. The old biotechnology debate is being reiterated and the controversies are deepened. The societal debate follows the technological hype cycle. A new technology with a high visibility and high expectations also raises high controversies. For synthetic biology, this hype is currently near its peak and the first signs of disillusionment …Read more
  •  24
  •  22
    Boekbesprekingen
    with J. T. A. G. M. van Ruiten, Archibald L. H. M. van Wieringen, Martin Parmentier, G. Rouwhorst, Martijn Schrama, M. Parmentier, W. Valkenberg, R. van Kessel, A. van de Pavert, A. H. C. van Eijk, Astrid C. M. Kaptijn, Frans Maas, Alphons van Dijk, Frans Vervooren, Peter van Veldhuijsen, G. H. T. Blans, W. R. Scholtens, Luc Anckaert, Jeroen Vis, André Lascaris, Luc Ankaert, Johan G. Hahn, and M. Kuhn
    Bijdragen 54 (4): 430-463. 1993.
  •  19
    Guest editorial
    with Volkert Beekman
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 12 (1): 5-7. 2000.
  •  19
    An ethical toolkit for food companies: Reflections on its use (review)
    with M. Deblonde and R. de Graaff
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (1): 99-118. 2007.
    Nowadays many debates are going on that relate to the agricultural and food sector. It looks as if present technological and organizational developments within the agricultural and food sector are badly geared to societal needs and expectations. In this article we briefly present a toolkit for moral communication within the food chain. This toolkit is developed as part of a European research project. Next, we discuss what such a toolkit can bring about, given the characteristics of the present d…Read more
  •  18
    Proposal for a transatlantic platform for consumer concerns and international trade
    with Jan Staman
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 12 (2): 207-214. 2000.
    Consumer concerns pop up. They are relatedto the safety of agrifood products for people, foranimals, and for the environment as well as the socialand ethical implications of certain agrifoodproduction methods. At first sight, the WTO agreementand the SPS and TBT agreements appear to offersufficient legal scope to deal with these concerns andresolve trade conflicts. The events of recent years,however, have shown the limitations of theseagreements in dealing with cultural differencesbetween nation…Read more
  •  18
    Not all animals are equal differences in moral foundations for the dutch veterinary policy on livestock and animals in nature reservations
    with Katinka Waelbers and Frans Stafleu
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (6): 497-515. 2004.
    The Netherlands is a small country with many people and much livestock. As a result, animals in nature reservations are often living near cattle farms. Therefore, people from the agricultural practices are afraid that wild animals will infect domestic livestock with diseases like Swine Fever and Foot and Mouth Disease. To protect agriculture (considered as an important economic practice), very strict regulations have been made for minimizing this risk. In this way, the practice of animal farming…Read more
  •  16
    You eat what you are: Moral dimensions of diets tailored to one's genes
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (6): 557-568. 2003.
    Thanks to developments in genomics,dietary recommendations adapted to genetic riskprofiles of individual persons are no longerscience fiction. But what are the consequencesof these diets? An examination of possibleimpacts of genetically tailor-made diets raisesmorally relevant concerns that are analogous to(medical-ethical) considerations aboutscreening and testing. These concerns oftengive rise to applying norms for informedconsent and for the weighing of burdens andbenefits. These diets also h…Read more
  •  11
    Ethics of Dissent: A Plea for Restraint in the Scientific Debate About the Safety of GM Crops
    with Ruth Mampuys
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (5): 903-924. 2015.
    Results of studies that cast doubt on the safety of genetically modified crops have been published since the first GM crop approval for commercial release. These ‘alarming studies’ challenge the dominant view about the adequacy of current risk assessment practice for genetically modified organisms. Subsequent debates follow a similar and recurring pattern, in which those involved cannot agree on the significance of the results and the attached consequences. The standard response from the governm…Read more
  •  9
    Legislation on Ethical Issues: Towards an Interactive Paradigm
    with Wibren Van Der Burg and Frans W. A. Brom
    Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (1). 2000.
    In this article, we sketch a new approach to law and ethics. The traditional paradigm, exemplified in the debate on liberal moralism, becomes increasingly inadequate. Its basic assumptions are that there are clear moral norms of positive or critical morality, and that making statutory norms is an effective method to have citizens conform to those norms. However, for many ethical issues that are on the legislative agenda, e.g. with respect to bioethics and anti-discrimination law, the moral norms…Read more
  •  8
    From the editors
    with Richard P. Haynes and Jan Elliott
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (3): 1-3. 2001.
  •  8
    Special issue: Food ethics and consumer concerns
    with B. Gremmen
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 12 (2): 127-139. 2000.
    The use of biotechnology in food productiongives rise to consumer concerns. The term ``consumerconcern'' is often used as a container notion. Itincludes concerns about food safety, environmental andanimal welfare consequences of food productionsystems, and intrinsic moral objections againstgenetic modification. In order to create clarity adistinction between three different kinds of consumerconcern is proposed. Consumer concerns can be seen assigns of loss of trust. Maintaining consumer trustask…Read more
  •  6
    Introduction
    with H. G. J. Gremmen
  •  4
    An Ethical Toolkit for Food Companies: Reflections on its Use
    with M. Deblonde and R. Graaff
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (1): 99-118. 2007.
  •  4
    A plea to implement robustness into a breeding goal: poultry as an example
    with L. Star, Ellen E., and K. Uitdehaag
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (2): 109-125. 2008.