•  439
    The Theory and Practice of Autonomy
    Cambridge University Press. 1988.
    This important new book develops a new concept of autonomy. The notion of autonomy has emerged as central to contemporary moral and political philosophy, particularly in the area of applied ethics. professor Dworkin examines the nature and value of autonomy and uses the concept to analyse various practical moral issues such as proxy consent in the medical context, paternalism, and entrapment by law enforcement officials.
  •  430
    Paternalism
    The Monist 56 (1): 64-84. 1972.
    I take as my starting point the “one very simple principle” proclaimed by Mill in On Liberty … “That principle is, that the sole end for which mankind are warranted, individually or collectively, in interfering with the liberty of action of any of their number, is self-protection. That the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent harm to others. He cannot rightfully be compelled to do or forbear because it …Read more
  •  303
    Moral paternalism
    Law and Philosophy 24 (3): 305-319. 2004.
  •  278
    The Concept of Autonomy
    Grazer Philosophische Studien 12 (1): 203-213. 1981.
    In both theoretical and applied contexts the concept of autonomy has assumed increasing importance in recent normative philosophical discussion. Given various problems to be clarified or resolved the author characterizes the concept by first setting out conditions of adequacy. The author then links the notion of autonomy to the identification and critical reflection of an agent upon his first-order motivations. It is only when a person identifies with the influences that motivate him, assimilate…Read more
  •  216
  •  181
    Acting freely
    Noûs 4 (4): 367-83. 1970.
  •  122
    Contractualism and the normativity of principles
    Ethics 112 (3): 471-482. 2002.
    This is a study of the question of whether moral principles, as justified by a contractualist scheme, such as Scanlon's, are binding on persons, i.e., give them reasons to act in accordance with such principles. I argue that for those agents who meet the motivational conditions that Scanlon lays down, i.e., those who seek to reach agreement with others on principles that are not rejectable, such principles are binding. But on those who do not meet the motivational condition the principles are no…Read more
  •  119
    An argument against the participation of physicians in capital punishment by means of lethal injection.
  •  115
    This paper examines the legitimacy of pro-active law enforcement techniques, i.e. the use of deception to produce the performance of a criminal act in circumstances where it can be observed by law enforcement officials. It argues that law enforcement officials should only be allowed to create the intent to commit a crime in individuals who they have probable cause to suppose are already engaged or intending to engage in criminal activity of a similar nature.
  •  113
    Unprincipled Ethics
    Midwest Studies in Philosophy 20 (1): 224-239. 1995.
  •  91
    Mill's on Liberty: Critical Essays
    Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. 1997.
    John Stuart Mill's On Liberty continues to shape modern Western conceptions of individual freedom. In this volume, eight leading Mill scholars comment on this landmark work. Their essays, selected for their importance and accessibility, serve as an excellent introduction to this foundational text
  •  88
    Harm and the volenti principle
    Social Philosophy and Policy 29 (1): 309-321. 2012.
    Research Articles Gerald Dworkin, Social Philosophy and Policy, FirstView Article
  •  87
    Physician-assisted suicide and public policy
    Philosophical Studies 89 (2-3): 133-141. 1998.
    A defense of Physician-assisted suicide as ethically justifiable, and as legally permissible.
  •  86
    Morality, Harm, and the Law (edited book)
    Westview Press. 1994.
    Some of the most difficult and wrenching social and political issues in U.S. society today are about the relationship between strongly held moral values and the laws of the land. There is no consensus about whether the law should deal with morality at all, and if it is to do so, there is no agreement over whose morality is to be reflected in the law.In this compact and carefully edited anthology, Gerald Dworkin presents the readings necessary for an understanding of these issues. The volume cont…Read more
  •  85
    Non-neutral principles
    Journal of Philosophy 71 (14): 491-506. 1974.
  •  68
    Equal Respect and the Enforcement of Morality
    Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (2): 180. 1990.
    In recent years, there has been renewed interest in the question of when, if ever, the state may use coercion to enforce majority views about what types of conduct are right or wrong, noble or base, decent or indecent. Such interest has been generated by both political and philosophibal pressures. In recent political history, controversies over such issues as abortion, homosexuality, pornography, textbooks in schools, new reproductive technologies such as surrogate parenting and in vitro fertili…Read more
  •  67
    Lying and nudging
    Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8): 496-497. 2013.
    Salvaging the Concept of Nudge 1 makes a number of good points about how the concept of a nudge should be understood, and a number of important distinctions in specifying more precisely the important idea of freedom of choice. As Saghai suggests, this is a first cut, and more work needs to be done in clarifying the issues so as to make the idea of a nudge a useful tool for policy purposes.In this Commentary, I want to explore some of the difficulties that remain in getting a clear understanding …Read more
  •  61
    Organ sales and paternalism
    Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (3): 151-152. 2014.
    Simon Rippon believes that a certain argument is not sound.1 I agree. I do not agree with the role he assigns the argument in the debate about organ sales. Nor do I agree with the much stronger argument he puts forward that organ sales should be forbidden.The argument he believes unsound, which I shall use his terminology to refer to as the Laissez-Choisir or LC argument, has three premises. The one be believes false says, “If we take away what some regard as their best option, we thereby make t…Read more
  •  58
    Reply to Macintyre
    Synthese 53 (2). 1982.
  •  57
    In Defense of Anarchism by Robert Paul Wolff (review)
    Journal of Philosophy 68 (18): 561-567. 1971.
  •  55
    Deciding for Others
    with Allen E. Buchanan and Dan W. Brock
    Philosophical Quarterly 41 (162): 118. 1991.
  •  50
    Marx and mill: A dialogue
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 26 (3): 403-414. 1966.
  •  47
    Reasons and Authority
    Journal of Philosophy 69 (20): 716. 1972.
  •  47
    Autonomy and behavior control
    Hastings Center Report 6 (1): 23-28. 1976.
  •  45
    Book Review:Elbow Room. Daniel C. Dennett (review)
    Ethics 96 (2): 423-. 1986.
  •  45
    Physician-Assisted Death: The State of the Debate
    In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics, Oxford University Press. 2009.
    The essential outlines of the debate over voluntary euthanasia have not changed very much since Glanville Williams and Yale Kamisar debated the issues almost fifty years ago. On the one hand, there is an appeal to considerations of autonomy and the relief of suffering: individuals should be able to choose the timing and mode of their dying and they should not have to suffer from pain and other modes of indignity such as incontinence, paralysis, muscular wastage, and mental deterioration. So far …Read more