•  379
    Science Transformed?: Debating Claims of an Epochal Break (edited book)
    University of Pittsburgh Press. 2011.
    Advancements in computing, instrumentation, robotics, digital imaging, and simulation modeling have changed science into a technology-driven institution. Government, industry, and society increasingly exert their influence over science, raising questions of values and objectivity. These and other profound changes have led many to speculate that we are in the midst of an epochal break in scientific history. This edited volume presents an in-depth examination of these issues from philosophical, h…Read more
  •  275
    Heuristics and the generalized correspondence principle
    British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 42 (2): 195-226. 1991.
    Several philosophers of science have claimed that the correspondence principle can be generalized from quantum physics to all of (particularly physical) science and that in fact it constitutes one of the major heuristical rules for the construction of new theories. In order to evaluate these claims, first the use of the correspondence principle in (the genesis of) quantum mechanics will be examined in detail. It is concluded from this and from other examples in the history of science that the pr…Read more
  •  214
    Mit Robotik, Digitalisierung, softwaregesteuerten Präzisionsinstrumenten und hochkomplexen Simulationsverfahren wird heute Technik zur treibenden Kraft der wissenschaftlichen Forschungspraxis. Gleichzeitig sieht sich die universitäre Forschung wachsenden gesellschaftlichen Einflüssen ausgesetzt und nähert sich selbst immer mehr der Industrieforschung an, woraus sich neue Fragen nach den Werten und der Objektivität der Wissenschaft ergeben. Derartig weitreichende Veränderungen haben zahlreiche Sp…Read more
  •  99
    Critical philosophy of technology: The basic issues
    Social Epistemology 22 (1). 2008.
    This paper proposes a framework for a critical philosophy of technology by discussing its practical, theoretical, empirical, normative and political dimensions. I put forward a general account of technology, which includes both similarities and dissimilarities to Andrew Feenberg's instrumentalization theory. This account characterizes a technology as a "(type of) artefactual, functional system with a certain degree of stability and reproducibility". A discussion of how such technologies may be r…Read more
  •  80
    Thus far, the philosophical study of patenting has primarily focused on sociopolitical, legal, and ethical issues, such as the moral justifiability of patenting living organisms or the nature of (intellectual) property. In addition, however, the theory and practice of patenting entails many important problems that can be fruitfully studied from the perspective of the philosophy of science and technology. The principal aim of this article is to substantiate the latter claim. For this purpose, I f…Read more
  •  79
    Rethinking science and values
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (1). 2010.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  75
    Accardi on Quantum Theory and the "Fifth Axiom" of Probability
    with Hans Den Bervang and Dick Hoekzema
    Philosophy of Science 57 (1): 149-. 1990.
    In this paper we investigate Accardi's claim that the "quantum paradoxes" have their roots in probability theory and that, in particular, they can be evaded by giving up Bayes' rule, concerning the relation between composite and conditional probabilities. We reach the conclusion that, although it may be possible to give up Bayes' rule and define conditional probabilities differently, this contributes nothing to solving the philosophical problems which surround quantum mechanics
  •  62
    What Prospects for a General Philosophy of Science?
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1): 89-92. 2012.
  •  61
    Accardi on quantum theory and the "fifth axiom" of probability
    with Hans Van Den Berg, Dick Hoekzema, and Hans Radder
    Philosophy of Science 57 (1): 149-157. 1990.
    In this paper we investigate Accardi's claim that the "quantum paradoxes" have their roots in probability theory and that, in particular, they can be evaded by giving up Bayes' rule, concerning the relation between composite and conditional probabilities. We reach the conclusion that, although it may be possible to give up Bayes' rule and define conditional probabilities differently, this contributes nothing to solving the philosophical problems which surround quantum mechanics
  •  60
    Exploiting abstract possibilities: A critique of the concept and practice of product patenting (review)
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (3): 275-291. 2004.
    Developments in biotechnology and genomics have moved the issue of patenting scientific and technological inventions toward the center of interest. In particular, the patentability of genes of plants, animals, or humans and of genetically modified (parts of) living organisms has been discussed, and questioned, from various normative perspectives. This paper aims to contribute to this debate. For this purpose, it first explains a number of relevant aspects of the theory and practice of patenting.…Read more
  •  60
    Experimental Reproducibility and the Experimenters' Regress
    PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992. 1992.
    In his influential book, "Changing Order", H.M. Collins puts forward the following three claims concerning experimental replication. (i) Replication is rarely practiced by experimentalists; (ii) replication cannot be used as an objective test of scientific knowledge claims, because of the occurrence of the so-called experimenters' regress; and (iii) stopping this regress at some point depends upon the enculturation in a local community of practitioners, who tacitly learn the relevant skills. In …Read more
  •  49
    The Academic Manifesto: From an Occupied to a Public University
    with Willem Halffman
    Minerva 53 (2): 165-187. 2015.
    Universities are occupied by management, a regime obsessed with ‘accountability’ through measurement, increased competition, efficiency, ‘excellence’, and misconceived economic salvation. Given the occupation’s absurd side-effects, we ask ourselves how management has succeeded in taking over our precious universities. An alternative vision for the academic future consists of a public university, more akin to a socially engaged knowledge commons than to a corporation. We suggest some provocative …Read more
  •  48
    Which Scientific Knowledge is a Common Good?
    Social Epistemology 31 (5): 431-450. 2017.
    In this article, I address the question of whether science can and should be seen as a common good. For this purpose, the first section focuses on the notion of knowledge and examines its main characteristics. I discuss and assess the core view of analytic epistemology, that knowledge is, basically, justified true belief. On the basis of this analysis, I then develop an alternative, multi-dimensional theory of the nature of knowledge. Section 2 reviews and evaluates several answers to the questi…Read more
  •  45
    How Concepts Both Structure the World and Abstract from It
    Review of Metaphysics 55 (3). 2002.
    TWO OPPOSING VIEWS ABOUT THE RELATIONSHIP between concepts and the world can be found in the history of philosophy. One view—deriving from Immanuel Kant and endorsed by Karl Popper, among many others—claims that in forming and using concepts we structure the world. Concepts produce or increase order. Hence, the world, insofar as it is knowable by human beings, is necessarily a conceptually structured world. The second, still older view—represented by the Aristotelian tradition and by John Locke,…Read more
  •  42
    An immanent criticism of Lakatos' account of the 'degenerating phase' of Bohr's atomic theory
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 13 (1): 99-109. 1982.
    Summary This paper presents an immanent criticism of Lakatos' reconstruction of the degenerating phase of Bohr's atomic theory. That is to say, the historiographical methods used are exclusively of a Lakatosian kind. Such a closer Lakatosian look at the historical episode in question shows that Lakatos' own reconstruction is incorrect on three essential points. These are the role of the correspondence principle, the position of the hard core in Bohr's programme, and the presence of important nov…Read more
  •  42
    Science, realization and reality: The fundamental issues
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (3): 327-349. 1993.
  •  40
    The origin and nature of modern science (review)
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 16 (3). 2002.
    (2002). The origin and nature of modern science. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 291-295. doi: 10.1080/0269859022000013355
  •  38
    How Inclusive Is European Philosophy of Science?
    International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 29 (2): 149-165. 2015.
    The main question of this article is given by its title: how inclusive is European philosophy of science? Phrased in this way, the question presupposes that, as a mature discipline, philosophy of science should provide an inclusive account of its subject area. I first provide an explanation of the notion of an inclusive philosophy of science. This notion of an inclusive philosophy of science is specified by discussing three general topics that seem to be missing from, or are quite marginal in, r…Read more
  •  36
    Philosophy and history of science: Beyond the Kuhnian paradigm
    Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (4): 633-655. 1997.
    At issue in this paper is the question of the appropriate relationship between the philosophy and history of science. The discussion starts with a brief sketch of Kuhn's approach, followed by an analysis of the so-called ‘testing-theories-of-scientific-change programme’. This programme is an attempt at a more rigorous approach to the historical philosophy of science. Since my conclusion is that, by and large, this attempt has failed, I proceed to examine some more promising approaches. First, I …Read more
  •  33
    The chinese practice‐oriented views of science and their political grounds
    with Yuanlin Guo
    Zygon 55 (3): 591-614. 2020.
    In China, practice‐oriented views of science can be traced back to antiquity. In ancient times, the Chinese people independently created and developed application‐oriented sciences, but they ignored basic science. In modern times, China learned and introduced Western science and technology as a practical instrument to protect the nation and make it prosperous and powerful. Through technology and production, science has been playing an immediate and major role in the development of socialism sinc…Read more
  •  29
    Pragmatism, Ethics, and Technology
    Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 7 (3): 10-18. 2004.
  •  27
    Review of Ihdel (review)
    Philosophy of Science 71 (4): 614-619. 2004.
  •  26
    Maarten Boudry and Massimo Pigliucci : Science Unlimited? The Challenges of Scientism
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (4): 593-597. 2019.
  •  26
    Critical approaches to technology: Editor's introduction
    Social Epistemology 22 (1). 2008.
    This paper proposes a framework for a critical philosophy of technology by discussing its practical, theoretical, empirical, normative and political dimensions. I put forward a general account of technology, which includes both similarities and dissimilarities to Andrew Feenberg’s instrumentalization theory. This account characterizes a technology as a “(type of) artefactual, functional system with a certain degree of stability and reproducibility”. A discussion of how such technologies may be r…Read more
  •  22
    Empirical Concepts: Their Meaning and its Emergence
    Axiomathes 33 (1): 1-23. 2023.
    This article presents a detailed, novel account of the emergence of (the meaning of) empirical concepts. Acquiring experience and empirical concepts is shown to be the result of multifaceted, cognitive processes, which require both material realization and conceptual interpretation. Generally speaking, the meaning of empirical concepts consists of several distinct components, but it includes at least a structuring and an abstracting component. These two meaning components are abstract entities, …Read more
  •  20
    Empiricism Must, but Cannot, Presuppose Real Causation
    Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 52 (4): 597-608. 2021.
    In this article, I put forward a basic philosophical claim: empirical scientific knowledge, that is, knowledge generated in experimental and observational practices, presupposes real causation. My discussion exploits two core notions from the philosophical analysis of scientific experimentation and observation: the aim of realizing object-apparatus correlations and the required control of the relevant interactions between environment and experimental or observational system. The conclusion is th…Read more
  •  19
    Substantiële filosofie: met niet-discursieve inhoud maar zonder naturalisme
    Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 109 (2): 223-229. 2017.
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