•  2
    Perspectives regarding privacy in clinical research among research professionals from the Arab region: an exploratory qualitative study
    with Latifa Adarmouch, Marwan Felaefel, and Robert Wachbroit
    BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1): 1-16. 2020.
    Background Protecting the privacy of research participants is widely recognized as one of the standard ethical requirements for clinical research. It is unknown, however, how research professionals regard concepts of privacy as well as the situations in the research setting that require privacy protections. The aim of this study was to explore the views of research professionals from Arab countries regarding concepts and scope of privacy that occur in clinical research. Methods We adopted an exp…Read more
  •  5
    Assessing Research Ethics Committees in Myanmar: Results of a Self-Assessment Tool
    with Zaw Zaw Oo, Min Wun, Yin Thet Nu Oo, and Kyaw Swa Mya
    Asian Bioethics Review 12 (1): 37-49. 2020.
    Human subjects research has increased in Myanmar since 2010 and, accordingly, the establishment of research ethics committees has increased review of these research studies. However, characteristics that reflect the operations of RECs in Myanmar have not been assessed. To assess the structures and processes of RECs at medical institutions in Myanmar, we used a self-assessment tool for RECs operating in low- and middle-income countries. This tool consists of the following ten domains: organizatio…Read more
  •  13
    Strengths of the French end-of-life Law as Well as its Shortcomings in Handling Intractable Disputes Between Physicians and Families
    with Jonathan Messika, Noël Boussard, Claude Guérin, Fabrice Michel, Saad Nseir, Hodane Yonis, Claire-Marie Barbier, Anahita Rouzé, Virginie Fouilloux, Stephane Gaudry, Jean-Damien Ricard, and Didier Dreyfuss
    The New Bioethics 26 (1): 53-74. 2020.
    French end-of-life law aims at protecting patients from unreasonable treatments, but has been used to force caregivers to prolong treatments deemed unreasonable. We describe six cases (five intensi...
  •  17
    Results of a self-assessment tool to assess the operational characteristics of research ethics committees in low- and middle-income countries
    with Hany Sleem, Keymanthri Moodley, Nandini Kumar, Sudeshni Naidoo, Thilakavathi Subramanian, Rola Jaafar, and Malini Moni
    Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (4): 332-337. 2015.
  •  4
    Current Status of Research Ethics Capacity in Myanmar
    with Zaw-Zaw Oo, Yin-Thet-Nu Oo, Mo-Mo Than, Khine Zaw Oo, Min Wun, and Kyaw-Soe Htun
    Asian Bioethics Review 10 (2): 123-132. 2018.
    Myanmar has recently surfaced from total military rule and efforts at conducting research to enhance the health of the population has increased during the recent democratization process, both from the military and civil sectors as well as support from international agencies. International guidelines mandate that such research requires prior ethics review in accordance with international standards. Previous commentators have expressed concerns, however, regarding the degree of adequate training i…Read more
  •  31
    Perceived comfort level of medical students and residents in handling clinical ethics issues
    with Julien Dagenais, Eliza Gordon-Lipkin, Laura Caputo, Matthew W. Christian, Bert W. Maidment, Anna Binstock, Akinbowale Oyalowo, and Malini Moni
    Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (1): 55-58. 2013.
    Background Studies have shown that medical students and residents believe that their ethics preparation has been inadequate for handling ethical conflicts. The objective of this study was to determine the self-perceived comfort level of medical students and residents in confronting clinical ethics issues. Methods Clinical medical students and residents at the University of Maryland School of Medicine completed a web-based survey between September 2009 and February 2010. The survey consisted of a…Read more
  •  12
    Applicability of a Function-Based Approach to Informed Consent in International Settings
    with Shahd Osman
    American Journal of Bioethics 17 (12): 25-27. 2017.
  •  22
    A Cross-Sectional Survey Study to Assess Prevalence and Attitudes Regarding Research Misconduct among Investigators in the Middle East
    with Marwan Felaefel, Mohamed Salem, Rola Jaafar, Ghufran Jassim, Hillary Edwards, Fiza Rashid-Doubell, Reham Yousri, and Nahed M. Ali
    Journal of Academic Ethics 16 (1): 71-87. 2018.
    Recent studies from Western countries indicate significant levels of questionable research practices, but similar data from low and middle-income countries are limited. Our aims were to assess the prevalence of and attitudes regarding research misconduct among researchers in several universities in the Middle East and to identify factors that might account for our findings. We distributed an anonymous questionnaire to a convenience sample of investigators at several universities in Egypt, Lebano…Read more
  •  246
    Clinical research law in Jordan: An ethical analysis
    with Ibrahim Ramahi
    Developing World Bioethics 9 (1): 26-33. 2009.
  •  46
    Recently, training programs in research ethics have been established to enhance individual and institutional capacity in research ethics in the developing world. However, commentators have expressed concern that the efforts of these training programs have placed ‘too great an emphasis on guidelines and research ethics review’, which will have limited effect on ensuring ethical conduct in research. What is needed instead is a culture of ethical conduct supported by national and institutional comm…Read more
  •  5
    What Counts as Equipoise?
    with Didier Dreyfuss
    Hastings Center Report 45 (3): 3-4. 2015.
  •  44
    Curriculum guide for research ethics workshops for countries in the middle east
    with Babiker Ahmed, Samar Ajeilet, Sumaia Al-Fadil, Suhail Al-Amad, Hadir El-Dessouky, Ibrahim El-Gendy, Mohamed El-Guindi, Mustafa El-Nimeiri, Rana Muzaffar, and Azza Saleh
    Developing World Bioethics 10 (2): 70-77. 2010.
    To help ensure the ethical conduct of research, many have recommended educational efforts in research ethics to investigators and members of research ethics committees (RECs). One type of education activity involves multi-day workshops in research ethics. To be effective, such workshops should contain the appropriate content and teaching techniques geared towards the learning styles of the targeted audiences. To ensure consistency in content and quality, we describe the development of a curricul…Read more
  •  57
    Capacity mapping of national ethics committees in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
    with Alaa Abou-Zeid and Mohammad Afzal
    BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1): 8. 2009.
    Ethics issues in the areas of science, technology and medicine have emerged during the last few decades. Many countries have responded by establishing ethics committees at the national level. Identification of National Ethics Committees (NECs) in the Eastern Mediterranean (EM) region and the extent of their functions and capacity would be helpful in developing capacity building programs that address the needs of these committees. Accordingly, we conducted a survey to determine the characteristic…Read more
  •  21
    Identifying structures, processes, resources and needs of research ethics committees in Egypt
    with Hany Sleem and Samer S. El-Kamary
    BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1): 12-. 2010.
    Background: Concerns have been expressed regarding the adequacy of ethics review systems in developing countries. Limited data are available regarding the structural and functional status of Research Ethics Committees (RECs) in the Middle East. The purpose of this study was to survey the existing RECs in Egypt to better understand their functioning status, perceived resource needs, and challenges. Methods: We distributed a self-administered survey tool to Egyptian RECs to collect information on …Read more
  •  21
    Ensuring quality in clinical ethics consultations: Perspectives of ethicists regarding process and prior training of consultants
    with Emily Bellavance and Brian H. Childs
    American Journal of Bioethics 13 (2): 29-31. 2013.
    No abstract
  •  40
    The adequacy of informed consent forms in genetic research in Oman: A pilot study
    with Asya Al-Riyami, Deepali Jaju, and Sanjay Jaju
    Developing World Bioethics 11 (2): 57-62. 2011.
    Genetic research presents ethical challenges to the achievement of valid informed consent, especially in developing countries with areas of low literacy. During the last several years, a number of genetic research proposals involving Omani nationals were submitted to the Department of Research and Studies, Ministry of Health, Oman.The objective of this paper is to report on the results of an internal quality assurance initiative to determine the extent of the information being provided in geneti…Read more
  •  1
    Research on cognitively impaired adults
    Hastings Center Report 34 (3): 4. 2004.
  •  24
    Expression of therapeutic misconception amongst Egyptians: a qualitative pilot study
    with Mayyada Wazaify and Susan S. Khalil
    BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1): 7-. 2009.
    BackgroundStudies have shown that research participants fail to appreciate the difference between research and medical care, labeling such phenomenon as a "therapeutic misconception" (TM). Since research activity involving human participants is increasing in the Middle East, qualitative research investigating aspects of TM is warranted. Our objective was to assess for the existence of therapeutic misconception amongst Egyptians.MethodsStudy Tool: We developed a semi-structured interview guide to…Read more
  •  41
    Attitudes, understanding, and concerns regarding medical research amongst Egyptians: A qualitative pilot study (review)
    with Susan S. Khalil, May Raafat, Samer El-Kamary, and Maged El-Setouhy
    BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1): 9. 2007.
    Medical research must involve the participation of human subjects. Knowledge of patients' perspectives and concerns with their involvement in research would enhance recruitment efforts, improve the informed consent process, and enhance the overall trust between patients and investigators. Several studies have examined the views of patients from Western countries. There is limited empirical research involving the perspectives of individuals from developing countries. The purpose of this study is …Read more
  •  6
    Nurses' perspectives on implementation of the Patient Self-Determination Act
    with Sara T. Fry and Niti Armistead
    Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (1): 30. 1994.
  •  21
    Maryland's ethics committee legislation — a leading edge model or a step into the abyss?
    with Evan DeRenzo, Diane Hoffmann, Jack Schwartz, and Janicemarie Vinicky
    HEC Forum 13 (1): 49-58. 2001.