• Mill, John, Stuart on the French-revolution
    History of Political Thought 4 (1): 89-110. 1983.
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    It is not clear to me that there is any longer the institutional will to train students, as both Henry and I were trained, in the languages, histories and philosophies that enable one to approach the texts of classical, medieval and renaissance intellectual history in particular. Today a student who is drawn to a study of pre-modern ideas and historical settings will be asked why on earth such an irrelevant subject matter should attract any interest or indeed, funding. Even in Politics Departmen…Read more
  • Ockham Studies
    History of Science 15 (1): 67-72. 1977.
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    Ockham's right reason and the genesis of the political as ‘absolutist’
    History of Political Thought 20 (1): 35-64. 1999.
    My aim is to explain the relation of ‘right reason’ to Ockham's voluntarism by analysing what Ockham takes individual liberty to mean and how men come to know of it. The Christian law of liberty reveals what individuals come to know by other means — from their own experiences and reason, about certain rights which can never be alienated either to Church or ‘state’. It is argued that his distinctive and later political positions can be supported by positions maintained in his earlier logical, psy…Read more