James Bohman
(1954 - 2021)
  •  350
    The place of self-interest and the role of power in deliberative democracy
    with Jane Mansbridge, Simone Chambers, David Estlund, Andreas Føllesdal, Archon Fung, Cristina Lafont, Bernard Manin, and José Luis Martí
    Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (1): 64-100. 2010.
    No Abstract
  •  316
    Liberalism, Deliberative Democracy, and “Reasons that All Can Accept”
    with Henry S. Richardson
    Journal of Political Philosophy 17 (3): 253-274. 2009.
    No Abstract
  •  283
    It is often assumed that democracies can make good use of the epistemic benefi ts of diversity among their citizenry, but difficult to show why this is the case. In a deliberative democracy, epistemically relevant diversity has three aspects: the diversity of opinions, values, and perspectives. Deliberative democrats generally argue for an epistemic form of Rawls' difference principle: that good deliberative practice ought to maximize deliberative inputs, whatever they are, so as to benefi t all…Read more
  •  280
    Deliberative Toleration
    Political Theory 31 (6): 757-779. 2003.
    Political liberals now defend what Rawls calls the "inclusive view" of public reason with the appropriate ideal of reasonable pluralism. Against the application of such a liberal conception of toleration to deliberative democracy "the open view of toleration is with no constraints" is the only regime of toleration that can be democratically justified. Recent debates about the public or nonpublic character of religious reasons provide a good test case and show why liberal deliberative theories ar…Read more
  •  204
    This article defends methodological and theoretical pluralism in the social sciences. While pluralistic, such a philosophy of social science is both pragmatic and normative. Only by facing the problems of such pluralism, including how to resolve the potential conflicts between various methods and theories, is it possible to discover appropriate criteria of adequacy for social scientific explanations and interpretations. So conceived, the social sciences do not give us fixed and universal feature…Read more
  •  152
    Intelligibility, rationality and comparison: The rationality debates revisited
    with Terrence Kelly
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 22 (1): 81-100. 1996.
  •  144
    World Disclosure and Radical Criticism
    Thesis Eleven 37 (1): 82-97. 1994.
  •  133
  •  124
    Domination, Epistemic Injustice and Republican Epistemology
    Social Epistemology 26 (2): 175-187. 2012.
    With her conception of epistemic injustice, Miranda Fricker has opened up new normative dimensions for epistemology; that is, the injustice of denying one?s status as a knower. While her analysis of the remedies for such injustices focuses on the epistemic virtues of agents, I argue for the normative superiority of adapting a broadly republican conception of epistemic injustice. This argument for a republican epistemology has three steps. First, I focus on methodological and explanatory issues o…Read more
  •  121
    Republican cosmopolitanism
    Journal of Political Philosophy 12 (3). 2004.
  •  116
    The Democratic Minimum: Is Democracy a Means to Global Justice?
    Ethics and International Affairs 19 (1): 101-116. 2005.
    Bohman argues that "transnational democracy provides the basis for a solution to the problem of the “democratic circle”—that in order for democracy to promote justice, it must already be just—at the international level. Transnational democracy could be a means to global justice."
  •  112
    We, Heirs of enlightenment: Critical theory, democracy and social science
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (3). 2005.
    My goal here is to come to terms with the Enlightenment as the horizon of critical social science. First, I consider in more detail the understanding of the Enlightenment in Critical Theory, particularly in its conception of the sociality of reason. Second, I develop an account of freedom in terms of human powers, along the lines of recent capability conceptions that link freedom to the development of human powers, including the power to interpret and create norms. Finally, I show the ways in wh…Read more
  •  111
    In his long attempt to solve the vexing and diverse problems of formulating a critical social science of modern societies, Habermas has along the way borrowed from many and quite diverse theoretical and philosophical resources, including Anglo-American analytic philosophy of language, ethics and political philosophy. Initially, Habermas borrowed extensively from American Pragmatism, first Peirce’s philosophy of inquiry and then later from George Herbert Mead, whose thought his own enterprise mos…Read more
  •  102
    Theories, practices, and pluralism: A pragmatic interpretation of critical social science
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (4): 459-480. 1999.
    A hallmark of recent critical social science has been the commitment to methodological and theoretical pluralism. Habermas and others have argued that diverse theoretical and empirical approaches are needed to support informed social criticism. However, an unresolved tension remains in the epistemology of critical social science: the tension between the epistemic advantages of a single comprehensive theoretical framework and those of methodological and theoretical pluralism. By shifting the grou…Read more
  •  93
    Cosmopolitanism and republicanism are both inherently political ideals. In most discussions, they are taken to have contrasting, if not conflicting, normative aspirations. Cosmopolitanism is “thin” and abstractly universal, unable to articulate the basis for a “thick” citizenship in a republican political community. This commonly accepted way of dividing up the conceptual and political terrain is, however, increasingly misleading in the age of the global transformation of political authority. Ra…Read more
  •  92
    "System" and "lifeworld": Habermas and the problem of holism
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 15 (4): 381-401. 1989.
  •  82
    Reflexive public deliberation: Democracy and the limits of pluralism
    Philosophy and Social Criticism 29 (1): 85-105. 2003.
    Deliberative democracy defends an ideal of equality as political efficacy. Jorge Valadez offers a defense of such an ideal given cultural pluralism of ethnopolitical groups. He develops an epistemological account of the fact of pluralism as entailing incommensurable conceptual frameworks. While his account goes a long way towards identifying the problems with neutrality and many other liberal solutions to the problem of pluralism, it is still too liberal in certain ways. First, he draws the limi…Read more
  •  81
    Critical theory
    Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2008.
  •  75
    Bohman develops a realistic model of deliberation by gradually introducing and analyzing the major tests facing deliberative democracy: cultural pluralism, social inequalities, social complexity, and community-wide biases and ideologies.
  •  74
    Is Hegel a Republican? Pippin, Recognition, and Domination in the Philosophy of Right
    Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 53 (5): 435-449. 2010.
    Robert Pippin's masterful account of rational agency in Hegel emphasizes important dimensions of freedom and independence, where putative independence is always bound up with a profound dependence on others. This insistence on the complex relationships between freedom, dependence and independence raise an important question that Pippin does not consider: is Hegel a republican? This is especially significant given the fact that modern republicanism has explored this same conceptual terrain. I arg…Read more
  •  72
    A response to my critics: Democracy across Borders
    Ethics and Global Politics 3 (1): 71-84. 2010.
    It is a special privilege for me to have my book, Democracy across borders, discussed by insightful critics, all of whom in one way or another have contributed to emerging thinking about democracy, globalization, and international institutions. But it is also a privilege to have it discussed in this particular journal, which I see as a very good example of a transnational (rather than international) space for reflection and communication on matters of global politics. It is transnational, at lea…Read more
  •  71
    Introducing Democracy across Borders: from dêmos to dêmoi
    Ethics and Global Politics 3 (1): 111. 2010.
    Before launching into the précis of my book, let me first describe the state of democracy, as I see it, in order to discuss the motivations for writing a book about democracy across borders. It is the best of times and the worst of times. According to the current wisdom, we live in the golden age of democracy. In the absence of any viable alternative, liberal democracy is taken to be the only feasible formof democracy and goes unchallenged. Democracy is now recognized in international documents …Read more
  •  63
    Participation through publics: did Dewey answer Lippmann?
    Contemporary Pragmatism 7 (1): 49-68. 2010.
    John Dewey's Public and its Problems provides his fullest account of democracy under the emerging conditions of complex, modern societies. While responding to Lippmann's criticisms of democracy as self-rule, Dewey acknowledges the truth of many of the social scientific criticisms of democracy, while he defends democracy by reconstructing it. Dewey seeks a new public in a “Great Community” based on more face-to-face communication about nonlocal issues. Yet Dewey fails to consistently apply his ow…Read more