Young Harris College
  •  6
    A significant proportion of the U.S. population exhibits low health literacy. Evidence suggests that low health literacy is correlated with higher medical costs and poorer health outcomes. Even more concerning, evidence suggests that low health literacy threatens patients’ and families’ autonomy and exacerbates injustices in patients who are already vulnerable to difficulties navigating the health care system. There is also, however, increasing evidence that health literacy interventions—includi…Read more
  •  22
    What Experts Could Not Be
    Social Epistemology 33 (1): 74-87. 2018.
  •  26
    Epistemic Justification We often believe what we are told by our parents, friends, doctors, and news reporters. We often believe what we see, taste, and smell. We hold beliefs about the past, the present, and the future. Do we have a right to hold any of these beliefs? Are any supported by evidence? Should we … Continue reading Justification, Epistemic →
  •  2
    Moral Expertise: New Essays from Theoretical and Clinical Bioethics (edited book)
    Springer International Publishing. 2018.
  • A critical evaluation of interlaboratory data on total, elemental, and isotopic carbon in the carbonaceous particle reference material, nist srm 1649a
    with B. A. la CurrieBenner, J. D. Kessler, D. B. Klinedinst, G. A. Klouda, J. V. Marolf, J. F. Slater, S. A. Wise, H. Cachier, R. Cary, J. C. Chow, E. R. M. Druffel, C. A. Masiello, T. I. Eglinton, A. Pearson, C. M. Reddy, O. Gustafsson, J. G. Quinn, P. C. Hartmann, J. I. Hedges, K. M. Prentice, T. W. Kirchstetter, T. Novakov, H. Puxbaum, and H. Schmid
    Because of increased interest in the marine and atmospheric sciences in elemental carbon, or black carbon or soot carbon, and because of the difficulties in analyzing or even defining this pervasive component of particulate carbon, it has become quite important to have appropriate reference materials for intercomparison and quality control. The NIST "urban dust" Standard Reference Material® SRM 1649a is useful in this respect, in part because it comprises a considerable array of inorganic and or…Read more
  • The Art of Darkness. By Charlotte G. Opfermann
    The European Legacy 9 565-565. 2004.
  •  14
    The Harm of Premature Death
    Ethical Perspectives 16 (4): 435-458. 2009.
    Although an age-old problem, the debate over immortality has become reanimated in light of recent advances in life extension technologies, accompanied by an ever-growing body of enthusiasts, both within academic circles as well as the public in general. For these people, death is no longer a natural process, but a disease, and one that might be prevented. It seems that the desire for immortality is a result, in part, of a profound sense of incompleteness and frustration that death will rob us of…Read more
  • Metacide: In the Pursuit of Excellence (edited book)
    Rodopi. 2010.
    If philosophy addresses concrete ethical challenges, then what shifts in basic concepts must be made to the discipline in the darkness of our genocidal world? What anti-genocidal strains are in Western philosophy? Are we “really” rejects and/ or “still of intrinsic worth” when we fail our excellence tests? How are we represented and how do we participate in representations? Are representational forms historical in origin and development? Is genocide indissolubly linked to our degradation and des…Read more
  •  40
    Among social epistemologists, having a certain proportion of reliably formed beliefs in a subject matter is widely regarded as a necessary condition for cognitive expertise. This condition is motivated by the idea that expert testimony puts subjects in a better position than non-expert testimony to obtain knowledge about a subject matter. I offer three arguments showing that veritism is an inadequate account of expert authority because the reliable access condition renders expertise incapable of…Read more
  •  5
    A Priori Justification and Experience
    Dissertation, Florida State University. 2009.
    This dissertation is about a priori justification and its relationship to experiential evidence. I begin with the assumption that a priori justification is justification that is independent of experience. It has been argued that putative examples of a priori justification are implausible because they are not, in any significant sense, independent of experience. My two central claims are that (a) a subject is plausibly justified a priori in believing a proposition only if the belief is not revisa…Read more
  •  8
    Picking Out the a Priori
    Philosophical Forum 45 (4): 413-432. 2014.
  • Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Reasoning Well
    with Robert Arp
    Continuum. 2011.
    Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Reasoning Well provides a concise and accessible introduction to logic and critical reasoning. Topics include:* the structure, formation, analysis and recognition of arguments* deductive validity and soundness* inductive strength and cogency* inference to the best explanation* truth tables* tools for argument assessment* informal and formal fallacies* reasoning on graduate school entrance exams* real life examplesDesigned for classroom use, the book features…Read more
  • The strength of many arguments for Classical Liberalism is often challenged on the grounds that these arguments appeal to controversial metaphysical structures or moral principles. To avoid these challenges, I appeal to a set of epistemic considerations to show that, in order to structure a society that affords optimal opportunity for citizens to obtain their interests, we have a rational obligation to protect individuals’ freedom to pursue those interests. In this paper, I defend the second pre…Read more
  •  14
    Dilemma arguments against naturalism
    Episteme 11 (2): 1-15. 2014.
    Albert Casullo (2000, 2003) and Shane Oakley (2011) argue that dilemma arguments against epistemic naturalism, such as those offered by Laurence BonJour (1998) and Harvey Siegel (1984), are such that, whatever strength they have against naturalism applies equally to moderate rationalist accounts of a priori justification. They conclude that dilemma arguments are, therefore, insufficient for establishing an advantage for moderate rationalism over naturalized epistemology. I argue that both Casull…Read more
  •  19
    The End of Eternity
    Sophia 56 (2): 147-162. 2017.
    A popular critique of the kalām cosmological argument is that one argument for its second premise illicitly assumes a finite starting point for the series of past temporal events, thereby begging the question against opponents. Rejecting this assumption, opponents say, eliminates any objections to the possibility that the past is infinitely old and undermines the IFA’s ability to support premise 2. I contend that the plausibility of this objection depends on ambiguities in extant formulations of…Read more
  •  15
    Many irrelevant evils: a response to the Bayesian problem of evil
    International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 75 (4): 365-378. 2014.
    Robert Bass argues that the evidential problem of evil can be strengthened by the application of a Bayesian conditionalization argument. I argue that, whatever the merits of Bayesian conditionalization arguments, they are unsuccessful in substantiating the evidential problem of evil because the problem of evil doesn’t meet the necessary conditions for applying the formula informatively. I offer two examples to show that a successful application of the Bayesian formula must pass two tests, the co…Read more