Young Harris College
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    Epistemic Justification We often believe what we are told by our parents, friends, doctors, and news reporters. We often believe what we see, taste, and smell. We hold beliefs about the past, the present, and the future. Do we have a right to hold any of these beliefs? Are any supported by evidence? Should we … Continue reading Justification, Epistemic →
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    What Experts Could Not Be
    Social Epistemology 33 (1): 74-87. 2018.
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    Many irrelevant evils: a response to the Bayesian problem of evil
    International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 75 (4): 365-378. 2014.
    Robert Bass argues that the evidential problem of evil can be strengthened by the application of a Bayesian conditionalization argument. I argue that, whatever the merits of Bayesian conditionalization arguments, they are unsuccessful in substantiating the evidential problem of evil because the problem of evil doesn’t meet the necessary conditions for applying the formula informatively. I offer two examples to show that a successful application of the Bayesian formula must pass two tests, the co…Read more
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    Dilemma arguments against naturalism
    Episteme 11 (2): 1-15. 2014.
    Albert Casullo (2000, 2003) and Shane Oakley (2011) argue that dilemma arguments against epistemic naturalism, such as those offered by Laurence BonJour (1998) and Harvey Siegel (1984), are such that, whatever strength they have against naturalism applies equally to moderate rationalist accounts of a priori justification. They conclude that dilemma arguments are, therefore, insufficient for establishing an advantage for moderate rationalism over naturalized epistemology. I argue that both Casull…Read more
  •  8
    Picking Out the a Priori
    Philosophical Forum 45 (4): 413-432. 2014.
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    A significant proportion of the U.S. population exhibits low health literacy. Evidence suggests that low health literacy is correlated with higher medical costs and poorer health outcomes. Even more concerning, evidence suggests that low health literacy threatens patients’ and families’ autonomy and exacerbates injustices in patients who are already vulnerable to difficulties navigating the health care system. There is also, however, increasing evidence that health literacy interventions—includi…Read more
  •  5
    A Priori Justification and Experience
    Dissertation, Florida State University. 2009.
    This dissertation is about a priori justification and its relationship to experiential evidence. I begin with the assumption that a priori justification is justification that is independent of experience. It has been argued that putative examples of a priori justification are implausible because they are not, in any significant sense, independent of experience. My two central claims are that (a) a subject is plausibly justified a priori in believing a proposition only if the belief is not revisa…Read more
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    Moral Expertise: New Essays from Theoretical and Clinical Bioethics (edited book)
    Springer International Publishing. 2018.
  • The Art of Darkness. By Charlotte G. Opfermann
    The European Legacy 9 565-565. 2004.
  • Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Reasoning Well
    with Robert Arp
    Continuum. 2011.
    Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Reasoning Well provides a concise and accessible introduction to logic and critical reasoning. Topics include:* the structure, formation, analysis and recognition of arguments* deductive validity and soundness* inductive strength and cogency* inference to the best explanation* truth tables* tools for argument assessment* informal and formal fallacies* reasoning on graduate school entrance exams* real life examplesDesigned for classroom use, the book features…Read more
  • Metacide: In the Pursuit of Excellence (edited book)
    Rodopi. 2010.
    If philosophy addresses concrete ethical challenges, then what shifts in basic concepts must be made to the discipline in the darkness of our genocidal world? What anti-genocidal strains are in Western philosophy? Are we “really” rejects and/ or “still of intrinsic worth” when we fail our excellence tests? How are we represented and how do we participate in representations? Are representational forms historical in origin and development? Is genocide indissolubly linked to our degradation and des…Read more
  • A critical evaluation of interlaboratory data on total, elemental, and isotopic carbon in the carbonaceous particle reference material, nist srm 1649a
    with B. A. la CurrieBenner, J. D. Kessler, D. B. Klinedinst, G. A. Klouda, J. V. Marolf, J. F. Slater, S. A. Wise, H. Cachier, R. Cary, J. C. Chow, E. R. M. Druffel, C. A. Masiello, T. I. Eglinton, A. Pearson, C. M. Reddy, O. Gustafsson, J. G. Quinn, P. C. Hartmann, J. I. Hedges, K. M. Prentice, T. W. Kirchstetter, T. Novakov, H. Puxbaum, and H. Schmid
    Because of increased interest in the marine and atmospheric sciences in elemental carbon, or black carbon or soot carbon, and because of the difficulties in analyzing or even defining this pervasive component of particulate carbon, it has become quite important to have appropriate reference materials for intercomparison and quality control. The NIST "urban dust" Standard Reference Material® SRM 1649a is useful in this respect, in part because it comprises a considerable array of inorganic and or…Read more