•  195
    Bioethical Pluralism and Complementarity
    Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (3): 338-349. 2002.
    This essay presents complementarity as a novel feature of bioethical pluralism. First introduced by Neils Bohr in conjunction with quantum physics, complementarity in bioethics occurs when different perspectives account for equally important features of a situation but are mutually exclusive. Unlike conventional approaches to bioethical pluralism, which attempt in one fashion or another to isolate and choose between different perspectives, complementarity accepts all perspectives. As a result, c…Read more
  •  129
    Echo calling narcissus: What exceeds the gaze of clinical ethics consultation? (review)
    with Joseph B. Fanning and Mark J. Bliton
    HEC Forum 22 (1): 171-171. 2010.
    Erratum to: Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation? Content Type Journal Article Pages 171-171 DOI 10.1007/s10730-010-9132-7 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Saint Louis University Tenet Chair of Health Care Ethics, Albert Gnaegi Center for Health Care Ethics Salus Center, Room 527, 3545 Lafayette Ave St. Louis MO 63104-1314 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Ave., 4th Floor, Suite 400 Nashville TN …Read more
  •  98
    Transhumanism, Metaphysics, and the Posthuman God
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (6): 700-720. 2010.
    After describing Heidegger's critique of metaphysics as ontotheology, I unpack the metaphysical assumptions of several transhumanist philosophers. I claim that they deploy an ontology of power and that they also deploy a kind of theology, as Heidegger meant it. I also describe the way in which this metaphysics begets its own politics and ethics. In order to transcend the human condition, they must transgress the human
  •  85
    Bioethics as biopolitics
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (3). 2006.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  75
    The Roman Catholic Church, Biopolitics, and the Vegetative State
    with D. R. Morrison
    Christian Bioethics 17 (2): 165-184. 2011.
    Compelled by recent public and politicized cases in which withdrawal of nutrition and hydration were at issue, this essay examines recent Church statements and argues that the distinction between private and public forms of human life is being lost. Effacing the distinction between the sphere of the home (oikos), where the maintenance of life (zoē) occurs, and the city (polis), where political and public life (bios) occurs, may have unforeseen and unwanted consequences. Through their well-intent…Read more
  •  61
    Modern liberalism, female circumcision, and the rationality of traditions
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (4). 2004.
    Tolerance is at the heart of Western liberalism, permitting mutually exclusive ideas and practices to coexist peacefully with one another, without the proponents of the differing ideas and practices killing one another. Yet, nothing challenges tolerance like the practice of sunna, female circumcision, clitorectomy, or genital mutilation. In this essay, I critique the Western critics of the practices, not in order to defend these practices, but rather to show that Western liberalism itself does n…Read more
  •  59
    Reviving the Conversation Around CPR/DNR
    with Kyle Brothers, Joshua Perry, and Ayesha Ahmad
    American Journal of Bioethics 10 (1): 61-67. 2010.
    This paper examines the historical rise of both cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the do-not-resuscitate order and the wisdom of their continuing status in U.S. hospital practice and policy. The practice of universal presumed consent to CPR and the resulting DNR policy are the products of a particular time and were responses to particular problems. In order to keep the excesses of technology in check, the DNR policies emerged as a response to the in-hospital universal presumed consent to CPR. We…Read more
  •  51
    Biopsychosociospiritual Medicine and Other Political Schemes
    Christian Bioethics 15 (3): 254-276. 2009.
    In the mid-1970s, the biomedical model of medicine gave way to the biopsychosocial model of medicine; it was billed as a more comprehensive and compassionate model of medicine. After more than a century of disentangling medicine from religion, the medicine and spirituality movement is attempting to bring religion and spirituality back into medicine. It is doing so under a biopsychosociospiritual model. I unpack one model for allowing religion back into medicine called the RCOPE. RCOPE is an inst…Read more
  •  51
    Of goals and goods and floundering about: A dissensus report on clinical ethics consultation (review)
    with Joseph B. Fanning and Mark J. Bliton
    HEC Forum 21 (3): 275-291. 2009.
    Of Goals and Goods and Floundering About: A Dissensus Report on Clinical Ethics Consultation Content Type Journal Article Pages 275-291 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9101-1 Authors Jeffrey P. Bishop, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Joseph B. Fanning, Vanderbilt University Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society 2525 West End Avenue, Suite 400 Nashville Tennessee 37203 USA Mark J. Bliton, Vanderbilt University …Read more
  •  46
    Maturing the Minor, Marginalizing the Family: On the Social Construction of the Mature Minor
    with R. Barina
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (3): 300-314. 2013.
    The doctrine of the mature minor began as an emergency exception to the rule of parental consent. Over time, the doctrine crept into cases that were non-emergent. In this essay, we show how the doctrine also developed in the context of the latter part of the 20th century, at the same time that the sexual revolution, the pill, and sexual liberation came to be seen as important symbols of female liberation—liberation that required that female minors be granted the status of a mature minor. To do s…Read more
  •  46
    Voluntary active euthanasia and physician assisted suicide should not be legalised because too much that is important about living and dying will be lostIn the first of this two part series, I unpack the historical philosophical distinction between killing and allowing a patient to die in order to clear up the confusion that exists. Historically speaking the two kinds of actions are morally distinct because of older notions of causality and human agency. We no longer understand that distinction …Read more
  •  44
    Rejecting Medical Humanism: Medical Humanities and the Metaphysics of Medicine (review)
    Journal of Medical Humanities 29 (1): 15-25. 2008.
    The call for a narrative medicine has been touted as the cure-all for an increasingly mechanical medicine. It has been claimed that the humanities might create more empathic, reflective, professional and trustworthy doctors. In other words, we can once again humanise medicine through the addition of humanities. In this essay, I explore how the humanities, particularly narrative medicine, appeals to the metaphysical commitments of the medical institution in order to find its justification, and in…Read more
  •  43
    Finite Knowledge/Finite Power: “Death Panels” and the Limits of Medicine
    with Kyle Brothers, Joshua Perry, and Ayesha Ahmad
    American Journal of Bioethics 10 (1): 7-9. 2010.
    This paper examines the historical rise of both cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the do-not-resuscitate order and the wisdom of their continuing status in U.S. hospital practice and policy. The practice of universal presumed consent to CPR and the resulting DNR policy are the products of a particular time and were responses to particular problems. In order to keep the excesses of technology in check, the DNR policies emerged as a response to the in-hospital universal presumed consent to CPR. We…Read more
  •  40
    Biopolitics, Terri Schiavo, and the Sovereign Subject of Death
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (6): 538-557. 2008.
    Humanity does not gradually progress from combat to combat until it arrives at universal reciprocity, where the rule of law finally replaces warfare; humanity installs each of its violences in a system of rules and thus proceeds from domination to domination. (Foucault, 1984, 85)In this essay, I take a note from Michel Foucault regarding the notion of biopolitics. For Foucault, biopolitics has both repressive and constitutive properties. Foucault's claim is that with the rise of modern governmen…Read more
  •  31
    Subjective Experience and Medical Practice
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (2): 91-95. 2012.
  •  27
    Framing euthanasia
    Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (4): 225-228. 2006.
    Death cannot be mastered through a metaphysics of efficiency that interprets all actions in terms only of cause and effect, but it can be transcended if we leave the frame open to death’s ambiguityIn the second of this two part series, I describe how in shifting our frames from one of human purpose and meaning to one of efficiency, we shift the possible answers we get to our questions about voluntary active euthanasia and physician assisted suicide . Thus, by placing VAE/PAS within the frame of …Read more
  •  27
    Echo Calling Narcissus: What Exceeds the Gaze of Clinical Ethics Consultation?
    with Joseph B. Fanning and Mark J. Bliton
    HEC Forum 22 (1): 73-84. 2010.
    Guiding our response in this essay is our view that current efforts to demarcate the role of the clinical ethicist risk reducing its complex network of authorizations to sites of power and payment. In turn, the role becomes susceptible to various ideologies—individualisms, proceduralisms, secularisms—that further divide the body from the web of significances that matter to that body, where only she, the patient, is located. The security of policy, standards, and employment will pull against and …Read more
  •  26
    Waiting for St. Benedict among the Ruins: MacIntyre and Medical Practice
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 36 (2): 107-113. 2011.
  •  23
    Revisiting Foucault
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (4): 323-327. 2009.
  •  23
    Foucauldian Diagnostics: Space, Time, and the Metaphysics of Medicine
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (4): 328-349. 2009.
    This essay places Foucault's work into a philosophical context, recognizing that Foucault is difficult to place and demonstrates that Foucault remains in the Kantian tradition of philosophy, even if he sits at the margins of that tradition. For Kant, the forms of intuition—space and time—are the a priori conditions of the possibility of human experience and knowledge. For Foucault, the a priori conditions are political space and historical time. Foucault sees political space as central to unders…Read more
  •  22
    Beyond health care accountability: The gift of medicine
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1). 2004.
    E. Haavi Morreim's book, Holding Health Care Accountable , insightfully describes several features of the current crisis in malpractice in relation to the health care marketplace. In this essay, I delineate the key and eminently practical guide for reform that she lays out. I argue that her insights bring us to more fundamental aspects than immanent medical economy and accountability - aspects that are ignored at present. I describe the features of immanent economy and how they tend to cover ove…Read more
  •  19
    Assessing the Spirit
    with Emily K. Trancik
    Christian Bioethics 19 (3): 247-250. 2013.
  •  18
    Renewing Christian Bioethics
    Christian Bioethics 20 (2): 141-145. 2014.
  •  17
    Beginning at the End: Liturgy and the Care of the Dying
    Christian Bioethics 23 (1): 77-83. 2017.
  •  17
    Arts of Dying and the Statecraft of Killing
    Studies in Christian Ethics 29 (3): 261-268. 2016.
    Those supporting laws permitting assisted suicide seem to enact a thin morality, one that permits people who desire AS to get it in the terminal stages of an illness, and that provide safeguards both for those who desire AS and do not desire it. This article explores the way in which all AS legislation subtly frames the question of AS such that AS becomes the clearest option; ensconcing AS in law also gives a moral legitimacy to suicide. Thus, the morality of laws permitting AS are not morally t…Read more
  •  16
    From Anticipatory Corpse to Posthuman God
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (6): 679-695. 2016.
    The essays in this issue of JMP are devoted to critical engagement of my book, The Anticipatory Corpse. The essays, for the most part, accept the main thrust of my critique of medicine. The main thrust of the criticism is whether the scope of the critique is too totalizing, and whether the proposed remedy is sufficient. I greatly appreciate these interventions because they allow me this occasion to respond and clarify, and to even further extend the argument of my book. In this response essay, I…Read more