•  56
    Telos and the Ethics of Animal Farming
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3): 691-709. 2013.
    The concept of animal welfare in confinement agriculture—and an ethical theory based upon this concept—necessitates an idea of what kind of being it is that fares well and what “well” is for this being. This double-question is at the heart of understanding and adequately defining welfare as qualitatively embedded in the experiencing subject. The notion of telos derives (philosophically) from Aristotle and is a way of accounting for the good life of an animal from the unique speciesness of the an…Read more
  •  22
    Seeing the Animal: On the Ethical Implications of De-animalization in Intensive Animal Production Systems
    with Cécile Cornou, Anna Kornum, and Mickey Gjerris
    Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (3): 407-423. 2016.
    This article discusses the notion that the invisibility of the animalness of the animal constitutes a fundamental obstacle to change within current production systems. It is discussed whether housing animals in environments that resemble natural habitats could lead to a re-animalization of the animals, a higher appreciation of their moral significance, and thereby higher standards of animal welfare. The basic claim is that experiencing the animals in their evolutionary and environmental context …Read more
  •  19
    Philosophical Ethology: On the Extents of What It Is to Be a Pig
    Society and Animals 19 (1): 83-101. 2011.
    Answers to the question, “What is a farm animal?” often revolve around genetics, physical attributes, and the animals’ functions in agricultural production. The essential and defining characteristics of farm animals transcend these limited models, however, and require an answer that avoids reductionism and encompasses a de-atomizing point of view. Such an answer should promote recognition of animals as beings with extensive mental and social capabilities that outline the extent of each individua…Read more
  •  14
    The industrialisation of agriculture has led to considerable alterations at both the technological and economical levels of animal farming. Several animal welfare issues of modern animal agriculture – e.g. stress and stereotypical behaviour – can be traced back to the industrialised intensification of housing and numbers of animals in production. Although these welfare issues dictate ethical criticism, it is the claim of this article that such direct welfare issues are only the forefront of a gr…Read more
  •  8
    Rights, Solidarity, and the Animal Welfare State
    Between the Species 19 (1). 2016.
    This article argues that aspects of the animal rights view can be constructively modulated through a communitarian approach and come to promote animal welfare through the social contexts of expanded caring communities. The Nordic welfare state is presented as a conceivable caring community within which animals could be viewed and treated appropriately as co-citizens with solidarity based rights and duties.