•  109
    A little more than two years ago, a Texas woman, faced with a knife-wielding intruder demanding sex from her, tried to talk her attacker into wearing a condom to protect herself against the possibility of contracting AIDS. A grand jury refused to indict the man because jurors believed that the woman's act of self-protection implied that she had consented to sex.
  •  69
    Bargaining Advantages and Coercion in the Market
    Philosophy Research Archives 14 23-50. 1988.
    Does the “free market” foster more freedom for individuals generally and less coercion? Libertarians and other market advocates argue that the unfettered market maximizes freedom and hence has less coercion than any feasible alternative. Welfare liberals, Socialist, and Marxists, in different ways, argue against the claim that the unrestricted market maximizes freedom generally. Both supporters and critics agree that coercion undermines freedom and that that is what is ultimately prima facie wro…Read more
  •  69
    Organ procurement organizations internet enrollment for organ donation: Abandoning informed consent (review)
    with Sandra Woien, Mohamad Rady, and Joseph Verheijde
    BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1): 1-9. 2006.
    Background Requirements for organ donation after cardiac or imminent death have been introduced to address the transplantable organs shortage in the United States. Organ procurement organizations (OPOs) increasingly use the Internet for organ donation consent. Methods An analysis of OPO Web sites available to the public for enrollment and consent for organ donation. The Web sites and consent forms were examined for the minimal information recommended by the United States Department of Health and…Read more
  •  61
    Ethical challenges with the left ventricular assist device as a destination therapy
    with Aaron G. Rizzieri, Joseph L. Verheijde, and Mohamed Y. Rady
    Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3 1-15. 2008.
    The left ventricular assist device was originally designed to be surgically implanted as a bridge to transplantation for patients with chronic end-stage heart failure. On the basis of the REMATCH trial, the US Food and Drug Administration and the US Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services approved permanent implantation of the left ventricular assist device as a destination therapy in Medicare beneficiaries who are not candidates for heart transplantation. The use of the left ventricular assist…Read more
  •  54
    Mass media campaigns and organ donation: managing conflicting messages and interests (review)
    with Mohamed Y. Rady and Joseph L. Verheijde
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2): 229-241. 2012.
    Mass media campaigns are widely and successfully used to change health decisions and behaviors for better or for worse in society. In the United States, media campaigns have been launched at local offices of the states’ department of motor vehicles to promote citizens’ willingness to organ donation and donor registration. We analyze interventional studies of multimedia communication campaigns to encourage organ-donor registration at local offices of states’ department of motor vehicles. The medi…Read more
  •  51
    Brain death, states of impaired consciousness, and physician-assisted death for end-of-life organ donation and transplantation
    with Joseph L. Verheijde and Mohamed Y. Rady
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4): 409-421. 2009.
    In 1968, the Harvard criteria equated irreversible coma and apnea with human death and later, the Uniform Determination of Death Act was enacted permitting organ procurement from heart-beating donors. Since then, clinical studies have defined a spectrum of states of impaired consciousness in human beings: coma, akinetic mutism, minimally conscious state, vegetative state and brain death. In this article, we argue against the validity of the Harvard criteria for equating brain death with human de…Read more
  •  50
    Presumed consent for organ preservation in uncontrolled donation after cardiac death in the United States: a public policy with serious consequences (review)
    with Joseph L. Verheijde and Mohamed Y. Rady
    Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4 1-8. 2009.
    Organ donation after cessation of circulation and respiration, both controlled and uncontrolled, has been proposed by the Institute of Medicine as a way to increase opportunities for organ procurement. Despite claims to the contrary, both forms of controlled and uncontrolled donation after cardiac death raise significant ethical and legal issues. Identified causes for concern include absence of agreement on criteria for the declaration of death, nonexistence of universal guidelines for duration …Read more
  •  43
    Reid on Justice as a Natural Virtue
    The Monist 70 (4): 483-495. 1987.
    Thomas Reid’s positive account of justice as a natural virtue must be extracted from his polemic on Hume’s theory that justice is an artificial virtue. For Hume, the conceptual analysis of justice is in terms of agreement and hence, it is absurd to suppose that any act is unjust prior to Humean agreement. Hume maintains that no man is obliged to obey the rules of justice unless others agree to do likewise; by implication, there can be no injustices in the state of nature. Reid categorically deni…Read more
  •  33
    Ethicists and others who study and teach the social implications of science and technology are faced with a formidable challenge when they seek to address “emerging technologies.” The topic is incredibly important, but difficult to grasp because not only are the precise issues often unclear, what the technology will ultimately look like can be difficult to discern. This paper argues that one particularly useful way to overcome these difficulties is to engage with their natural science and engine…Read more
  •  31
    Recovery of transplantable organs after cardiac or circulatory death: Transforming the paradigm for the ethics of organ donation
    with Joseph L. Verheijde and Mohamed Y. Rady
    Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 8-. 2007.
    Organ donation after cardiac or circulatory death (DCD) has been introduced to increase the supply of transplantable organs. In this paper, we argue that the recovery of viable organs useful for transplantation in DCD is not compatible with the dead donor rule and we explain the consequential ethical and legal ramifications. We also outline serious deficiencies in the current consent process for DCD with respect to disclosure of necessary elements for voluntary informed decision making and respe…Read more
  •  30
    PhilipS on coerced agreements
    Law and Philosophy 7 (2). 1988.
    Michael Philips in his paper 'Are Coerced Agreements Involuntary?' argues against the widely accepted claim that agreements secured by coercion are involuntary and hence the law should not enforce coerced agreements. Philips's argument relies, I argue, upon an indefensible account of voluntariness. His account of voluntariness does not provide a justification for the system of voluntary exchanges, nor does it link up with our entrenched views about moral and legal responsibility. After arguing f…Read more
  •  25
    No moral absolutes
    American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2). 2006.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  23
    Transparency and accountability in mass media campaigns about organ donation: a response to Morgan and Feeley
    with Mohamed Y. Rady and Joseph L. Verheijde
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4): 869-876. 2013.
    We respond to Morgan and Feeley’s critique on our article “Mass Media in Organ Donation: Managing Conflicting Messages and Interests.” We noted that Morgan and Feeley agree with the position that the primary aims of media campaigns are: “to educate the general public about organ donation process” and “help individuals make informed decisions” about organ donation. For those reasons, the educational messages in media campaigns should not be restricted to “information from pilot work or focus grou…Read more
  •  21
    Bargaining Advantages and Coercion in the Market
    Philosophy Research Archives 14 23-50. 1988.
    Does the “free market” foster more freedom for individuals generally and less coercion? Libertarians and other market advocates argue that the unfettered market maximizes freedom and hence has less coercion than any feasible alternative. Welfare liberals, Socialist, and Marxists, in different ways, argue against the claim that the unrestricted market maximizes freedom generally. Both supporters and critics agree that coercion undermines freedom and that that is what is ultimately prima facie wro…Read more
  •  21
    The United States Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (2006): New challenges to balancing patient rights and physician responsibilities
    with Joseph L. Verheijde and Mohamed Y. Rady
    Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 19. 2007.
    Advance health care directives and informed consent remain the cornerstones of patients' right to self-determination regarding medical care and preferences at the end-of-life. However, the effectiveness and clinical applicability of advance health care directives to decision-making on the use of life support systems at the end-of-life is questionable. The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act (UAGA) has been revised in 2006 to permit the use of life support systems at or near death for the purpose of maxi…Read more
  •  19
    Genome Justice: Genetics and Group Rights
    with Rebecca Tsosie
    Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (3): 352-355. 2007.
  •  18
  •  18
    Needs and resources in the investigation of well‐being in developing countries: illustrative evidence from Bangladesh and Peru
    with Andrew McKay and Jackeline Velazco
    Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (1): 107-131. 2007.
    The paper offers an analysis of how to operationalize the development goal of promoting well?being, and provides an exemplar. It focuses on one element of a comprehensive methodology to operationalize empirical research into the social and cultural construction of well?being in developing countries. This research uses a definition of well?being that combines objective and subjective dimensions and locates these in the social and cultural relationships of particular societies. We focus here on th…Read more
  •  17
    “Undue Inducement' as Coercive Offers
    American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5). 2005.
    This Article does not have an abstract
  •  16
    Eat Right
    Social Philosophy Today 30 95-111. 2014.
    In this paper, I will consider the moral considerations surrounding our food choices, including whether those choices are sustainable. Sustainability means preserving ecological integrity for current and future generations, and includes cultural sustainability which embodies values like justice and care for current and future generations as well as non-human animals. I will explore the widely accepted view that buying local is morally superior. In considering the moral reasons for buying local, …Read more
  •  15
  •  14
    Defining the Scope of Implied Consent in the Emergency Department: Shortchanging Patients' Right to Self Determination
    with Joseph Verheijde and Mohamed Rady
    American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12): 51-52. 2007.
    No abstract
  •  13
  •  11
    Brain death, states of impaired consciousness, and physician-assisted death for end-of-life organ donation and transplantation
    with Joseph L. Verheijde and Mohamed Y. Rady
    Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4): 491-491. 2009.
  •  9
    Commentary on Nathanson’s Terrorism and the Ethics of War
    Social Philosophy Today 28 161-166. 2012.
    Understanding the nature of terrorism is extremely important given the role it currently plays in national and international rhetoric and politics. Nathanson’s book Terrorism and the Ethics of War is a fascinating and extremely timely detailed account of terrorism. He explores what terrorism is, what makes it morally wrong, and whether there are conditions that might ever justify its use. Though terrorism is widely and universally condemned, what count as specific instances of terrorism are ofte…Read more