•  1
    Ecology and Historical Materialism
    Science and Society 67 (1): 122-124. 2003.
  •  24
    In a recent article in this journal, Savulescu and Schuklenk defend and extend their earlier arguments against a right to medical conscientious objection in response to criticisms raised by Cowley. I argue that while it would be preferable to be less accommodating of medical conscientious than many countries currently are, Savulescu and Schuklenk's argument that conscientious objection is ‘simply unprofessional’ is mistaken. The professional duties of doctors should be defined in relation to the…Read more
  •  31
    Xenografting: ethical issues
    Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (1): 18-24. 1998.
    This paper considers the ethical issues raised by xenotransplantation underfour headings: interfering with nature; effects on the recipient; effects on other humans; and effects on donor animals. The first two issues raise no insuperable problems: charges of unnaturalness are misguided, and the risks that xenotransplantation carries for the recipient are a matter for properly informed consent. The other two issues raise more serious problems, however, and it is argued that if we take seriously t…Read more
  • SAYERS, S. Marxism and Human Nature (review)
    Philosophical Books 41 (4): 278-279. 2000.
  •  14
    The ethics of xenotransplantation
    In R. Ashcroft, A. Dawson, H. Draper & J. McMillan (eds.), Principles of Health Care Ethics, Wiley. pp. 775-781. 2007.
  •  65
    Consequentialism and the slippery slope: A response to Clark
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (2). 2000.
    Michael Clark has recently argued that the slippery slope argument against voluntary euthanasia is ‘entirely consequentialist’ and that its use to justify continued prohibition of voluntary euthanasia involves a failure to treat patients who request assistance in ending their lives as ends in themselves. This article agues that in fact the slippery slope is consistent with most forms of deontology, and that it need not involve any violation of the principle that people should be treated as ends…Read more
  •  10
  •  62
    How not to criticize the precautionary principle
    Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (5). 2006.
    The precautionary principle has its origins in debates about environmental policy, but is increasingly invoked in bioethical contexts. John Harris and Søren Holm argue that the principle should be rejected as incoherent, irrational, and representing a fundamental threat to scientific advance and technological progress. This article argues that while there are problems with standard formulations of the principle, Harris and Holm's rejection of all its forms is mistaken. In particular, they focus …Read more
  •  94
    The rule of rescue in clinical practice
    with Tom Walker
    Clinical Ethics 4 (1): 50-54. 2009.
    People often have a strong intuitive sense that we ought to rescue those in serious need, even in cases where we could produce better outcomes by acting in other ways. It has become common in such cases to refer to this as the Rule of Rescue. Within the medical field this rule has predominantly been discussed in relation to decisions about whether to fund particular treatments. Whilst in this setting the arguments in favour of the Rule of Rescue have generally been found to be unconvincing, ther…Read more
  •  2447
    Development of the productive forces: an ecological analysis
    Studies in Marxism 2 179-198. 1995.
    Marxism has long been subject to criticism from the theorists of Political Ecology, and in recent years, as the concerns of Green thinkers have become harder to ignore, Marxists have begun to respond to this challenge, defending and sometimes amending Marxist theory in response to Green criticisms. This paper addresses one issue within this debate: the controversy over Marx’s commitment to the growth, or development, of the productive forces. My aim is to dispute the contention of Marx’s Green c…Read more
  • Ecology, Policy and Politics (review)
    Radical Philosophy 70. 1995.
  •  83
    Moral contractualism comes of age (review)
    Res Publica 7 (2): 189--196. 2001.
    Without Abstract
  •  39
    Analytical Marxism and Ecology: A Reply to Paul Burkett
    Historical Materialism 9 (1): 153-167. 2001.
    Presents a response to the Paul Burkett's review of the book ``Ecology and Historical Materialism.'' Overview of the book; Details of the criticisms presented by Burkett; Information on sociologist Karl Marx's theory of history
  •  18
    Ecology and Historical Materialism
    Cambridge University Press. 2000.
    This book challenges the widely-held view that Marxism is unable to deal adequately with environmental problems. Jonathan Hughes considers the nature of environmental problems, and the evaluative perspectives that may be brought to bear on them. He examines Marx's critique of Malthus, his method, and his materialism, interpreting the latter as a recognition of human dependence on nature. Central to the book's argument is an interpretation of the 'development of the productive forces' which takes…Read more
  •  26
    Justice and third party risk: The ethics of xenotransplantation
    Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2). 2007.
    The question of when it is permissible to inflict risks on others without their consent is one that we all face in our everyday lives, but which is often brought to our attention in contexts of technological innovation and scientific uncertainty. Xenotransplantation, the transplantation of organs or tissues from animals to humans, has the potential to save or improve the lives of many patients but gives rise to the possibility of infectious agents being transferred from donor animals into the hu…Read more
  •  333
    Time and Crime: Which Cold-Case Investigations Should Be Reheated
    with Monique Jonas
    Criminal Justice Ethics 34 (1): 18-41. 2015.
    Advances in forensic techniques have expanded the temporal horizon of criminal investigations, facilitating investigation of historic crimes that would previously have been considered unsolvable. Public enthusiasm for pursuing historic crimes is exemplified by recent high-profile trials of celebrities accused of historic sexual offences. These circumstances give new urgency to the question of how we should decide which historic offences to investigate. A satisfactory answer must take into accoun…Read more
  •  35
    Palliative care and the QALY problem
    Health Care Analysis 13 (4): 289-301. 2005.
    Practitioners of palliative care often argue for more resources to be provided by the state in order to lessen its reliance on charitable funding and to enable the services currently provided to some of those with terminal illnesses to be provided to all who would benefit from it. However, this is hard to justify on grounds of cost-effectiveness, since it is in the nature of palliative care that the benefits it brings to its patients are of short duration. In particular, palliative care fares ba…Read more