Juan José Sanguineti

Pontifical University Of The Holy Cross
  •  3242
    El método de la metafísica: la propuesta de Leonardo Polo
    In María Elvira Martínez Acuña (ed.), El Abandono Del Límite Mental, Universidad De La Sabana. pp. 41-58. 2015.
    This paper regards Leonardo Polo’s motivation for his proposal of a new method in metaphysics, the science of being. It is presented a brief comparison with similar motivations in the area of Thomistic thought. The three main points of the proposal are: the problem of the mental limit, the notion of habitual knowledge, the distinction between metaphysics and the transcendental anthropology.
  •  1312
    This paper presents current trends in philosophy of mind and philosophy of neuroscience, with a special focus on neuroscientists dealing with some topics usually discussed by philosophers of mind. The aim is to detect the philosophical views of those scientists, such as Eccles, Gazzaniga, Damasio, Changeux, and others, which are not easy to classify according to the standard divisions of dualism, functionalism, emergentism, and others. As the variety of opinions in these fields is sometimes a so…Read more
  •  762
    La cogitativa en Cornelio Fabro. Para una filosofía no dualista de la percepción
    Studium. Filosofía y Teología (34): 437-458. 2014.
    This paper considers the relevance of the theory of the cogitative power in Aquinas, as highlighted by Cornelio Fabro during his early research in the fourth decade of the past century, in contemporary neuropsychological studies, and particularly as a specific way of overcoming a dualistic approach in the psychology of perception. The thesis is coherent with an anthropological view based on the substantial unity between soul and body. As a consequence, the capacities of the cogitative faculty (e…Read more
  •  759
    Este artículo compara el supuesto 'neoparmenidismo' de la filosofía de Severino con Polo como filósofo 'antiparmenidiano'. Siguiendo la visión de Polo, puede dilucidarse el método fundamental seguido por Severino, que consiste en asumir la mismidad de Parménides y en proyectarla en la dialéctica de Hegel. Al usar el principio de no contradicción, Severino recurre preferentemente a la operación mental de negar.
  •  562
    Libertad, determinación e indeterminación en una perspectiva tomista
    Anuario Filosófico 46 (2): 387-403. 2013.
    The Thomistic account of freedom as election and freedom as love of the transcendental good, which in its perfect achievement is indefectible, introduces a new and unexpected approach in relation to contemporary debates concerning compatibilism and incompatibilism between freedom and determinism. This article develops both aspects of freedom and tries to bring new light to the problem of defining and evaluating the concepts of determination and indeterminacy.
  •  542
    El desafío antropológico de las neurociencias. Neurociencia, filosofía y teología
    Rivista di Scienze dell'Educazione 53 (3): 383-400. 2015.
    The author brings out three interpretations of the relationship between neuroscience, philosophy and theology. Then he presents the character of neuroscience in contrast with biology and psycholo- gy. Critical consideration is given to different currents of neuroscience on the central theme of the relationship brain-mind, soul-body and the reductionism of body alone. He opts for the Thomistic view which holds that the spiritual soul is essentially linked to the body, making it the identity of t…Read more
  •  458
    Fe religiosa y ciencias naturales. Pasado y presente.
    Estudios Filosóficos Polianos 2 6-19. 2015.
    The article presents the relationship between religious faith and natural sciences within a historical perspective. Three great periods are distinguished: classical, enjoying a substantial harmony between science and belief in God; modern period, characterized by a radical rationalism that can be seen as the root of the structural conflict between science and religion; contemporary phase, with the collapse of rationalism, notwithstanding the great prestige of natural science, often perceived wit…Read more
  •  361
    Santo Tomás y el pensamiento moderno según Cornelio Fabro
    Sapientia 67 (229): 289-296. 2011.
    The article describes how Cornelio Fabro views the history of Western Metaphysics in a partial agreement with Heidegger's account of the same topic.
  •  311
    The Unity of Biological Systems in Polo's Philosophy
    Journal of Polian Studies 2 87-108. 2015.
    Life as self-organization is philosophically understood by L. Polo in terms of co-causality between matter, formal configuration and intrinsic efficiency. This characterization provides a dynamic account of life and soul, capable to explain both its identity and its continuous renovation. In this article I especially highlight in this author the metaphysical notions of finality, unity and cosmos, which may be helpful to understand the sense of biological systems in the universe
  •  230
    El yo como causa
    Sapientia 66 23-39. 2010.
    This paper aims to explain how the human Self can be said a cause of his/her free actions, especially when they are voluntary and physical. First it is analyzed the natural causation in the physical world, particularly in self-organized living beings and afterwards in animal intentional behaviour, which is guided by cognition and emotions. An important distinction between downward causation and bottom-up causation is useful to explain the complex causality in self-organized intentional beings. D…Read more
  •  228
    Azar y contingencia
    Sapientia 43 (67): 59. 1988.
    The article considers the notion of contingency and chance in Thomas Aquinas
  •  207
    The article examines Wittgenstein’s thought on the language of pain in first and third person. Relevant grammatical differences, according to the typical analytical method of this philosopher, are highlighted not only in relation to the two perspectives, but also regarding the use of cognitive verbs such as ‘feeling’ and ‘knowing’. The exam of many texts suggests some issues concerning the relationship between personal experiences, empathic grasping of other’s feelings and their conceptual trans…Read more
  •  202
    Gnoseology, Ontology, and the Arrow of Time
    with M. Castagnino
    Acta Philosophica 7 (2): 235-265. 1998.
    This paper studies the problem of the arrow of time from the scientific and philosophical perspective. The scientific section (Castagnino) poses the topic according to the instruments of measuring employed in physical theories, specially when they are applied to dynamic chaotic systems in which a temporal asymmetry is shown. From the analysis of “two schools” (epistemological and ontological), the conclusion is favorable to the reality (both ontological and epistemological) of the difference bet…Read more
  •  200
    La unidad y multiplicidad del universo
    Anuario Filosófico 12 (2): 135-170. 1979.
    The article studies the Thomistic view of the universe as a synthesis between unity and multiplicity, mediated through order. The metaphysical notion of multiplicity is related to the transcendental "unum". Even some account of multiplicity may belong to transcendentals. Notions of non-being and distinction are distingued.
  •  187
    Diccionario Interdisciplinar Austral. 2015.
    En esta voz se considera el tiempo como una dimensión de la realidad física que se manifiesta en la percepción de las cosas en su devenir y cuya realidad ontológica se apoya en las transformaciones naturales. Primeramente se afronta la temática del tiempo físico y sus características en una perspectiva filosófica. Se tocan cuestiones fundamentales como el estatuto ontológico del presente/pasado/futuro, la realidad o irrealidad del instante, la simultaneidad, la unidad y pluralidad de tiempos, la…Read more
  •  180
    The World as Object of Action and Theory
    Studia Poliana 18 27-50. 2016.
    Abstract: Being-in-the-world defines in Heidegger an ontological and practical existential situation that in a first approach characterizes intellectual knowledge, an approach related to the Husserlian notion of intentionality. In his Curso de teoría del conocimiento, Polo rectifies this characterization, stressing the primacy of theory regarding action, and interpreting the practical (technical) relationship with the world as a lower level of “having”. Making some comparisons between Husserl, S…Read more
  •  164
    Espléndido manual de teoría del conocimiento en el que se abordan todos los temas clásicos desde una perspectiva renovadora.
  •  136
    El mundo como objeto de acción y teoría
    Studia Poliana 18. 2016.
    Being-in-the-world defines in Heidegger an ontological and practical existential situation that in a first approach characterizes intellectual knowledge, an approach related to the Husserlian notion of intentionality. In his Curso de teoría del co- nocimiento, Polo rectifies this characterization, stressing the primacy of theory regarding action, and interpreting the practical (technical) relation- ship with the world as a lower level of “having”. Ma- king some comparisons between Husserl, Sche…Read more
  •  130
    Decir lo mismo
    Sapientia 45 (75): 31. 1990.
    The article considers the possibility of saying the same truth in different expressions. It is relevant the Fregean distinction between sense and reference. The author shows the deep difference between the objective Fregean notion of truth and Aquinas' version, according to which the truth of the proposition is related, in many cases, to the situation of the speaker.
  •  125
    Voz Universo. Diccionario Interdisciplinar Austral
    Diccionario Interdisciplinar Austral. 2015.
    See Abstract in piece of paper uploaded.
  •  28
    The Ontological Account of Self-Consicousness in Aristotle and Aquinas
    Review of Metaphysics 67 (2): 311-344. 2013.
    This paper studies the notion of self-knowledge in Aristotle and principally in Aquinas. According to Aristotle, sensitive operations like seeing or hearing can be perceived by the knower (sensitive consciousness), while there can be also an understanding of the understanding, mainly attributed to God, but not exclusively. In his ethical writings, Aristotle acknowledges the human capacity of understanding and perceiving one’s life and existence, extended also to other persons in the case of frie…Read more
  •  26
    Science, Metaphysics, Philosophy: In search of a distinction
    Acta Philosophica 11 (1): 69-92. 2002.
    This papers follows the history of the differents views on the distinction between science and philosophy (or metaphysics): classical philosophy, modern rationalism, contemporary philosophy.
  •  21
    The article considers the topic of realism in science. First, it presents some considerations of Max Planck on this issue. Second, it displays several arguments in favour of scientic realism, provided one takes into consideration the metaphysical presuppositions of the scientific endeavour, and assumes that scientific knowledge is partial.
  •  19
    Verità e realismo nella scienza
    Divus Thomas 101 (3): 85-100. 1998.
    This paper faces the problem of the attribution of truth in a realistic sense to scientific knowledge. Arguments related to Hilary Putnam's notion of conceptual frame are considered. There is an absolute incompatibility between the existence of a conceptual background in science and the possibility of knowing a realistic, though partial truth, which has to be understood in relation to the conceptual frame.
  •  17
    This paper considers the notion of the present in Aristotle, Heidegger and Polo. The Aristotelian analysis of the "now" is subjected to oscillations between identity and diversity. Heidegger considers that the "now" is related to a special presentation of being. Polo's thesis about the mental presence as an articulation of time entails the overcoming of Heidegger's historicism and appears as the right way for a metaphysical study of time
  •  16
    Cognitive science, and especially neuroscience, currently addresses the philosophical problem of human free choice. This article proposes addressing the problem with the methodology of a confrontation between a phenomenological analysis of human decisions and some main points of philosophy of mind and of neuroscience. The author offers a proposal for the meaning of a 'free' decision, within the context of intentional actions. While avoiding dualism, which is linked to a pure opposition between a…Read more
  •  14
    In this study first we delineate an overview of the main philosophical positions on the problem of the distinction between mental acts and physical acts in man. There follows an exposition of the topic, inspired by Aristotle’s and Aquinas’s principles. Sensitive operations are physical, but in the sense of an ‘elevated body,’ thanks to a higher formal dimension, which informs the organic basis. Intellectual operations, by contrast, are completely immaterial, though they act united to the sensiti…Read more
  •  13
    La creazione nella cosmologia contemporanea
    Acta Philosophica 4 (2). 1995.
  •  12
    Alasdair MacIntyre planteaba en una conferencia en 1984, Is Patriotism a Virtue?, una incompatibilidad entre el patriotismo de la visión liberal, que aparece como fácilmente criticable ante una racionalidad universal abstracta, y el patriotismo de la visión comunitarista, en el que esta virtud se presenta como fidelidad incondicional a un proyecto de nación. En este trabajo presentamos el patriotismo como la virtud política del amor a la patria, compatible con un sincero sentido universalista y …Read more
  •  11
    Il problema del metodo della metafisica
    Acta Philosophica 23 (2): 189-202. 2014.